Turismo cultural: museos, patrimonio y empleabilidad

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Transcript of Turismo cultural: museos, patrimonio y empleabilidad

  • 8/10/2019 Turismo cultural: museos, patrimonio y empleabilidad

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    turlsai

    y tcrrltirli

    turlsai

    bukturnkpntrlai`li, auscisy capkcndlklmnm

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    turlsaiy tcrrltirli

    turlsaibukturnkpntrlai`li, auscisy capkcndlklmnm

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    NS]ITCR

    @urln Airrc Aikl`criZriecsirn mc Hlstirln N`tlfun mc knS`lvcrslmnm Tcy Gun` Bnrkis

    Rnkvnmir Zcrckk IklvcrZriecsir mc Riblikifn mc knS`lvcrslmnm Tcy Gun` Bnrkis

    C^SLZI MC L@UCR]LFNBL@Unkc`tl`n mckkIrtiL`vcstlfnmirn mc kn S`lvcrslmnm @cdrlgn

    Bknrn Anrt` MuqucZriecsirn mc kn S`lvcrslmnm @cdrlgn

    MLTCBBL@ MCK ZTI\CB]I CML]ITLNK

    Cmunrmi KlznrrnkmcMlrcbtir mc Bi`iblalc`ti CIL

    C`rlquc Ecrri]b`lbi mc L`vcstlfnbl` CIL

    Eu`mnbl` CIL, 4:>2www.cil.cs

    Anmrlm, 4:>2

    BTML]IR

    ZTI\CB]I FTELBI

    dnsc >4 mlsci y biau`lbnbl`, s.k.

    LRD@3:5>-26-2

    MCZRL]I KCFNK

    A-6>32

    Kldri mlfltnk c`7http7//www.cil.cs/snvln/mibuac`ti/cil-8::2.

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    @MLBC

    ZTKIFI .............................................................................................................................. | 3 |

    Bnptuki >

    L@]TIMSBBL@ ................................................................................................................... |

    6 |

    Bnptuki 4

    NKBN@BC \ AC]IMIKIFN MC CR]SMLI.................................................................. |

    >2 |

    Bnptuki 2

    CK ]STLRAI BSK]STNK BIAI BN]CFITN MC N@KLRLR .................................. | >< |

    >. Anrbi bi`bcptunk mck cstumli .......................................................................................... | 4> |

    4. Kn trnmlbl` n`nktlbn mck ]urlsai Bukturnk c` Cspnn ........................................... | 48 |

    2. Ck capkci c` ck ]urlsai Bukturnk biai idgcti mc cstumli ................................. | 23 |

    =. ]c`mc`blns mck ]urlsai Bukturnk c` Cspnn .............................................................. | =: |

    Bnptuki =

    KN ITFN@LWNBL@ MCK ]STLRAI BSK]STNK ........................................................ | =3 |

    >. Ck ausci biai Ntrnbtlvi ]urstlbi Bukturnk .............................................................. | =. Kns bnrnbtcrstlbns mc kn capkcndlklmnm c` ck ]urlsai Bukturnk ......................... | 2 |

    DLDKLIFTNEN...................................................................................................................... | >4> |

    TCKNBL@ MC ]NDKNR \ ELFSTNR ............................................................................... |

    >4< |

    NFTNMCBLALC@]IR ........................................................................................................... |

    >22 |

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    ZTKIFI

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    | 5 |ZTKIFI

    Ck biaprialsi mc kn Csbuckn mc Irfn`lznbl` L`mustrlnk bi` ck mcsnrrikki cbi`albi, kn

    bihcsl` siblnk y tcrrltirlnk, ck capkci y kn sistc`ldlklmnm hn mnmi u` pnsi as lapuksn`-

    mi kn brcnbl` mc u`n ucvn k`cn mc bi`iblalc`ti bc`trnmn c` ck ]urlsai y ck ]crrltirli.

    C` ck anrbi mc cstc adlti mc l`tcrs cstrntflbi sc udlbn ck kldri ]urlsai Bukturnk.

    Zntrlai`li, Auscis y Capkcndlklmnm. Rc trntn mc u`n l`vcstlfnbl` quc vn as nkk

    mck bnapi bkslbi mck ]urlsai biai slstcan y scbtir mc nbtlvlmnm. @is l`trimubc c` ck

    ]urlsai Bukturnk biai csn eiran mc turlsai y mc vlngc nktcr`ntlvi, u`n aucstrn rcbl`

    surflmn n ki knrfi mc kis nis 8:, y quc hiy cacrfc biai u` ynblalc`ti eu`mnac`tnk

    mc brcnbl` mc vnkir, rlquczn, capkci y bihcsl` mck tcrrltirli.

    Kn l`vcstlfnbl` rcekcgn kn cvikubl` quc ck ]urlsai Bukturnk hn vlvlmi n ki knrfi mc

    cstns ktlans trcs mbnmns, ndn`mi`n`mi c`eiqucs mcsbrlptlvis y nmc`tr`misc c`

    pkn`tcnalc tis as prieu`mis quc iercbc` kis mlnf`stlbis caprlbis y kns pripucstnsmc acgirn quc kn siblcmnm mcan`mn. Un as nkk mc kn bkslbn bi`bcpbl` mck turlsai

    biai aitir mc mcsnrrikki pnrn nmc`trnrsc c` kis enbtircs mc kn l``ivnbl`, kn brcntlvl-

    mnm y kn vlsl` sudgctlvn biai rcekcgi pcrsi`nk mc kis biapirtnalc tis n`tc kn bukturn

    i kn cxprcsl` nrtstlbn. S`n kflbn trn`seiranbl` c` kns mcan`mns y cbcslmnmcs mc

    kis turlstns quc bnmn mn dusbn` bi` as nhl`bi vlvlr u` turlsai cxpcrlc`blnk.

    C` csc sc`tlmi, kis nutircs hn` mcsnrrikknmi u`n actimikifn cspcbelbn irlc`tnmn n

    cxpkirnr kis Auscis y Bikcbbli`cs auscifrelbns mc Cspnn c`tc`mlmis biai u`

    nbtlvi prlvlkcflnmi mck ]urlsai Bukturnk c` Cspnn, as nkk mc kis c`eiqucs pntrlai-

    `lnkcs trnmlbli`nkcs. Nmcas, hn` bi`tnmi bi` kn pnrtlblpnbl` mc u`n utrlmn rcprcsc`-

    tnbl` mc cxpcrtis, quc hn` npirtnmi u`n pcrspcbtlvn auktlmlac`sli`nk mc kn rcnklmnm

    mc kis Dlc`cs mc L`tcrs Bukturnk Ulsltndkcs c` Cspnn y mc kns cstrntcflns mc euturi quc

    pimr` iercbcr u` anyir pitc`blnk mc brcnbl` mc rlquczn y capkci. Mc kn an`i mc

    u`n c`bucstn mlscnmn cspcbelbnac`tc pnrn cstc cstumli, ns biai mc kn cxpkirnbl`

    bunkltntlvn mck mlsbursi y ipl`li`cs mc cstis cxpcrtis sc hn idtc`lmi u` mlnf`stlbi

    irlfl`nk quc hnbc` mc cstn idrn u` trndngi pli`cri, bi` rcsuktnmis mc knrfi rcbirrlmi

    c` ck bnapi mc kn rcknbl` c`trc ]urlsai Bukturnk y su pitc`blnk mc capkcndlklmnm.

    Kis nutircs mc cstc cstumli, kn priecsirn @urln Aircr y ck priecsir Rnkvnmir Zcrckk,

    ns biai su cqulpi, eiranmis c l`tcfrn`tcs mc kn as erubtecrn trnmlbl` nbnmal-

    bn cspnikn hn` slmi bnpnbcs mc mnr u` snkti bunkltntlvi y npklbnr u`n actimikifn

    bun`tltntlvn- bunkltntlvn bnpnz mc npklbnbli`cs aktlpkcs y nmnptndkcs n kn rcnklmnm

    mc kis mlvcrsis cspnblis y tlcapis. Cstis mis enbtircs, tlcapi y cspnbli mial`n` y

    bi`mlbli`n`, timnvn hiy, kn rcnklmnm mck slstcan turstlbi y su c`tir`i mc l`ekuc`bln.

    Cstc trndngi vlc`c n slf`lelbnr, pir ki tn`ti, ck buapklalc`ti mck biaprialsi cstrntflbi

    quc kn Csbuckn mc Irfn`lznbl` L`mustrlnk hn nsualmi bi` ck ]urlsai biai ck ]urlsai

    biai slstcan trn`sbc`mc`tnk mc mcsnrrikki cbi`albi y brcnbl` mc capkci c` Cspnn.

    Ecr`n`mi Dny` Anrl`

    Mlrcbtir Fc`crnk mc kn Csbuckn mc Irfn`lznbl` L`mustrlnk

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    > L@]TIMSBBL@

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    | 8 | Bnptuki >L@]TIMSBBL@

    Ck ]urlsai cs u`i mc kis aitircs quc lapuksn` ck mcsnrrikki mc kn cbi`ian au`mlnk,

    tn`ti c` ki quc sc rcelcrc nk biacrbli l`tcr`nbli`nk mc scrvlblis biai n kn fc`crnbl`

    mc capkci. Kn Irfn`lznbl` Au`mlnk mck ]urlsai (IA]) ki mcel`c bai7 u` ec`ac`i

    siblnk, bukturnk y cbi`albi rcknbli`nmi bi` ck aivlalc`ti mc kns pcrsi`ns n kufnrcsquc sc c`buc`trn` eucrn mc su kufnr mc rcslmc`bln hndltunk pir aitlvis pcrsi`nkcs i mc

    `cfiblis/priecsli`nkcs (Fkisnrli Dslbi IA]). Zcri gu`ti n cstn mcel`lbl` fc`rlbn,

    mcsmc u` pu`ti mc vlstn n`nktlbi, ck ]urlsai rcspi`mc n u` kflbn irfn`lzntlvn quc

    scf` Hnkk (vcr frelbi >) ipcrn biai u` slstcan biapkcgi quc c`fkidn pcrsi`ns,

    aitlvnbli`cs, rcbursis, scrvlblis, primubtis, caprcsns, dc`celblis, nbtlvlmnm cbi`-

    albn, bi` auktlpklblmnm mc nprixlanbli`cs y rcspucstns (Hnkk, 4::3).

    C` Cspnn, pcsc n scr u` aitir mc kn cbi`ian, ck ]urlsai vlvc aiac`tis mc l`bcr-

    tlmuadrc y mc bnadlis, trns kn eucrtc brlsls mck 4::8-4::: ck pns mc kn S`l` Curipcn quc

    idtuvi as l`frcsis pir ]urlsai, scfulmi mc Ern`bln c Ltnkln. C` 4:>>, ck scbtir bi`sl-

    ful snkvnr ck ni c` frn` pnrtc mcdlmi n kis nbi`tcblalc`tis nbncblmis c` tcrbcris

    pnscs, nkfu`is mc ckkis biapctlmircs mcsmc u` pu`ti mc vlstn turstlbi.

    Rl` cadnrfi, kis mntis as rcblc`tcs aucstrn` kn biapkcglmnm mc kn sltunbl` c` Cspn-

    n y kn `cbcslmnm mc u` rcpkn`tcnalc`ti cstrntflbi fkidnk, biai bi`scbuc`bln mc kn

    brlsls cbi`albn l`tcr`n y mc kn sltunbl` l`tcr`nbli`nk. Ns, ck pn`irnan cs titnkac`tcmlecrc`tc scf` hndkcais mc ]urlsai l`tcr`nbli`nk i mc ]urlsai nbli`nk. Kis mntis

    as rcblc`tcs mc 4:>4 aucstrn` u` l`brcac`ti mc kns c`trnmns l`tcr`nbli`nkcs rcs-

    pcbti nk ni n`tcrlir, bi`brctnac`tc u` 4,6% (Eri`tur, LC]), alc`trns quc c` bun`ti

    nk fnsti turstlbi, kn vnrlnbl` l`tcrn`unk (anyi 4:>4) rcekcgn u` brcblalc`ti mck 6,32%

    quc pucmc cxpklbnrsc tn`ti pir ck nuac`ti mc acri mc vlngcris biai pir ck pripli

    nuac`ti mck fnsti acmli.

    Mcsfrnblnmnac`tc kns cxpcbtntlvns sc hn` vlsti auy aimcrnmns c` rcknbl` nk ]urlsai

    `nbli`nk biai bi`scbuc`bln mc kn brlsls l`tcr`n y ck mcsbc`si mc kis mcspknznalc`tis

    mc kis cspnikcs, tn`ti mc`tri biai eucrn mc Cspnn>.

    \ biai rcsuktnmi, kn dnkn`zn mc pnfis mck Rcbtir ]urstlbi c` ndrlk mck 4:>4 nrrigndn

    u` snkmi pisltlvi mc >.8

    > Kns ktlans c`bucstns pudklbnmns pir ck L`stltuti mc Cstumlis ]urstlbis aucstrn` kn frnvcmnm mc

    kn brlsls cspnikn, bi` u` rctribcsi mc -4,3% l`tcrn`unk c` ck titnk mc vlngcs mc kis cspnikcs y u`

    -2,=% mc kis vlngcs c` Cspnn (ecdrcri 4:>4)7 Aivlalc`tis ]urstlbis Cspnikcs, Mntis mc Biyu`-

    turn, LC]. Necbtn as n kis aivlalc`tis c` Cspnn pirquc si` kis quc as hndltunkac`tc rcnklzn

    kn bknsc acmln.

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