Ingles Tecnico Medico 2

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INGLES TÉCNICO INGLES TÉCNICO PARA PROFESIONALES PARA PROFESIONALES DE LA SALUD DE LA SALUD GLOSARIO TÉCNICO GLOSARIO TÉCNICO INGLES ESPAÑOL INGLES ESPAÑOL D D E E F F G G H H I I K K

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Diplomado de Ingles tecnicoClases de Power Point,

Transcript of Ingles Tecnico Medico 2

  • INGLES TCNICOPARA PROFESIONALESDE LA SALUDGLOSARIO TCNICOINGLES ESPAOLDEFGHIK

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO2-D-electrophoresis*: electroforesis bidimensional dark-field microscopy: microscopa de campo oscuro daughter-strand gap repair: reparacin por recombinacin Davaine's bacillus*: Bacillus anthracis debranching enzyme*: 1. *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa 2. isoamilasa decadic absorbance: absorbancia decimal decadic attenuance: atenuancia decimal decay constant: constante de desintegracin decolorizer: decolorante decontamination: descontaminacindefective phage: ago defectuoso definitive host: husped definitivo definitive measurement procedure: procedimiento de medida definitivo definitive method: mtodo definitivo definitive value: valor definitivo degree: grado degree of dissociation: grado de disociacin dehydroepiandrosterone: deshidroepiandrosterona deiodinase*: ioduro-peroxidasa deleterious mutation: mutacin deletrea

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOdeletion: delecin denaturating gradient gel electrophoresis: electroforesis en gel

    desnaturalizante con gradiente denaturation: desnaturalizacin density: densidad deoxyadenosine: desoxiadenosina deoxycorticosterone: desoxicorticosterona 11-deoxycortisol: 11-desoxicortisol deoxycytidine: desoxicitidina deoxyguanosine: desoxiguanosina

    deoxyguanylate kinase*: guanilato-cinasa deoxyribonuclease I: desoxirribonucleasa I deoxyribonuclease II: desoxirribonucleasa II deoxyribonuclease S1*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico deoxyribonucleotide: desoxirribonucletido deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico deoxyuridine: desoxiuridina dephosphophosphorylase kinase*: fosforilasa-cinasa depletion: 1. agotamiento. 2. reduccin. 3. disminucin

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOdeprivation: 1. privacin. 2. deshabituacin derepression: desrepresin derived quantity: magnitud derivada derived unit: unidad derivada dermatophyte: dermatofito 20,22-desmolase*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lateral) destabilizing protein: protena desestabilizadora detectability: detectabilidad detection limit: lmite de deteccin detector: detector

    detergent: detergente determination: determinacin dexametasone: dexametasona *-dextrin endo-1,6-*-glucosidase: *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa dextrin 6-*-D-glucosidase*: amilo-1,6-glucosidasa N,N'-diacetylchitobiosyl *-N-acetylglucosaminidase*: manosil-glicoprotena- endo-*-N-acetilglucosaminidasa diacylglycerol lipase*: lipoprotena-lipasa diagnosis: diagnstico diagnostic sensitivity: sensibilidad diagnstica

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    diagnostic specificity: especificidad diagnstica diakinesis: diacinesis dialysis: dilisis diamine oxidase*: amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) diamino oxhydrase*: amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) diaphorase*: 1. citocrom-b5-reductasa 2. dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa dicloxacillin: dicloxacilina dicyclomine*: dicicloverina diethylpropion*: anfepramona difference scale: escala de diferencias

    differential blood count: recuento diferencial leucocitario; frmula leucocitaria differential count: recuento diferencial leucocitario; frmula leucocitaria differential diagnosis: diagnstico diferencial differentation medium: medio de diferenciacin diffraction grating: red de difraccin diffusion coefficient: coeficiente de difusin digitoxin: digitoxina diglyceride lipase*: lipoprotena-lipasa digoxin: digoxina 7,8-dihydrobiopterin synthetase*: sepiapterina-reductasa

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO22,23-dihydroergocalciferol*: (24S)-metilcalciol dihydrofolate reductase: dihidrofolato-reductasa dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase: dihidrolipoamida-S-acetiltransferasa dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase: dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase*: dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa dihydropteridine reductase: dihidropteridina-reductasa dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (NADP+): dihidropirimidina-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) dihydrotachysterol3*: dihidrocalciol dihydrothymine dehydrogenase*: dihidropirimidina-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) dihydrouracil dehydrogenase (NADP+)*: dihidropirimidina-deshidrogenasa (NADP+)

    1*,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol*: calcitriol 24(R),25-dihydroxycalcidiol*: 24(R)-hidroxicalcidiol 1*,25-dihydroxyergocalciferol*: ercalcitriol diiodothyronine 5-deiodinase*: tiroxina-desiodinasa *-diketonase*: fumarilacetoacetasa diluent: diluyente diluter: diluidor dimension (of a quantity): dimensin (de una magnitud) dimensionless quantity: magnitud adimensional dimorphic fungi: hongo dimrfico

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    dipeptide hydrolase*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A dipeptidyl aminopeptidase I*: dipeptidil-peptidasa I dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A dipeptidyl-peptidase I: dipeptidil-peptidasa I dipeptidyl transferase*:dipeptidil-peptidasa I diphenylhydantoin*: fenitona diphosphoglycerate mutase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa 2,3-diphosphoglycerate mutase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa 2,3-diphosphoglycerate phosphatase*: bisfosfoglicerato-fosfatasa diphtheria toxin: toxina diftrica

    diphtheroide: difteroide diploid: diploide diplotene: diplotena dipstick: tira reactiva dipyrone*: metamizol direct agglutination test: prueba de la aglutinacin directa direct bilirubin: bilirrubina esterificada direct fluorescent-antibody test: prueba directa del anticuerpo fluorescente direct fluorescent-antigen detection: deteccin directa del antgeno fluorescente direct immunofluorescence test: prueba directa de inmunofluorescencia

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    direct wet mount: preparacin en fresco direct repeat: repeticin directa directed mutagenesis: mutagnesis dirigida discrete flow: flujo discreto discrete transport: transporte discreto discrimination threshold: umbral discriminante disease: enfermedad disinfectant: desinfectante disinfection: desinfeccin disintegration constant: constante de desintegracin

    disjunction: disyuncin disopyramide: disopiramida disorder: alteracin; trastorno dispase*: aeromonolisina dispenser: dispensador dispersed repeat: repeticin dispersa displacement analysis: anlisis por desplazamiento dissociation constant: constante de disociacin distribution coefficient: coeficiente de distribucin distribution constant: constante de distribucin

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOdivergent promoter: promotor divergente DNA amplification: amplificacin de DNA DNA damage: lesin del DNA DNA-directed DNA polymerase: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA-directed RNA polymerase: RNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA ligase (ATP): DNA-ligasa (ATP) DNA ligase (NAD+): DNA-ligasa (NAD+) DNA melting: fusin del DNA DNA mutagenic repair: reparacin mutgena del DNA DNA nucleotidylexotransferase: DNA-nucleotidilexotransferasa

    DNA nucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed)*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA nucleotidyltransferase (RNA-directed)*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por RNA DNA packaging: empaquetamiento del DNA DNA polymerase *, *, **: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA polymerase I, II, III*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA repair: reparacin del DNA DNA repair enzyme*: 1. DNA-ligasa (NAD+) 2. DNA-ligasa (ATP) DNA restriction: restriccin del DNA DNA sequence polymorphism: polimorfismo de una secuencia de DNA DNA topoisomerase: DNA-topoisomerasa

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    DNase*: desoxirribonucleasa I DNase I*: desoxirribonucleasa I DNase II*: desoxirribonucleasa II Dderlein's bacillus*: Lactobacillus acidophilus domain: zona donor site: centro donador dopamine *-hydroxylase*: dopamina-*-monoxigenasa dopamine *-monooxygenase: dopamina-*-monoxigenasa dormancy: letargo dosage effect: efecto de la dosis

    dose: dosis dose-effect curve: curva de dosis y respuesta dose equivalent: dosis equivalente dot blot: transferencia en mancha double helix: doble hlice double diffusion test: prueba de la doble difusin double-minute: minicromosoma double strand: cadena doble double-strand break repair: reparacin por recombinacin double-stranded DNA: DNA bicatenario

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOdown mutation: mutacin lentificadora down-promoter mutation: mutacin lentificadora downstream: en direccin 3' down time: periodo improductivo doxycycline: doxiciclina DPNH methaemoglobin reductase*: citocromo-b5-reductasa drift: deriva drug: 1. frmaco; medicamento. 2. droga de adiccin dry chemistry*: 1. qumica en fase slida. 2. reactivos en fase slida dry medium: medio seco

    Ducrey's bacillus*: Haemophilus ducreyi duodenal contents: contenido duodenal duplex: dplex dysgonic: disgnico

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    Eberth's bacillus*: Salmonella typhi E. coli DNA ligase*: DNA-ligasa (NAD+) E. coli exonuclease III*: exodesoxirribonucleasa III ECA*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A ectoparasite: ectoparsito editor: director (de una edicin) effective concentration: concentracin eficaz effector: efector effluent: efluente effusion: derrame

    eflectance: eflectancia EIA*: enzimoinmunoanlisis electric capacitance: capacitancia elctrica electric charge: carga elctrica electric conductance: conductancia elctrica electric conductivity:conductividad elctrica electric current: corriente elctrica electric current density: densidad de corriente elctrica electric field strength: fuerza del campo elctrico electric mobility: movilidad elctrica

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOelectric resistance: resistencia elctrica electric resistivity: resistividad elctrica electroblotting: electrotransferencia por adsorcin electrode: electrodo electrode potencial: potencial de electrodo electrodialysis: electrodilisis electro-endosmosis: elctroendsmosis electrogravimetry: electrogravimetra electrokaryotipe: electrocariotipo electrokinetic potential: potencial electrocintico

    electrolysis: electrlisis electrolyte: electrlito electromotive force: fuerza electromotriz electron microscope: microscopio electrnico electron microscopy: microscopa electrnica electron-transferring-flavoprotein dehydrogenase: flavoprotena-deshidrogenasa transferidora de electrones electronvolt: electronvolt electrophoresis: electroforesis

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    electrophoretic karyotipe: cariotipo electrofortico electrophoretic mobility: movilidad electrofortica electroporation: electroporacin electropulsation: electropulsacin element: elemento elementary charge: carga elemental ELISA: elisa elixir: Elixir elongation: elongacin eluate: eluato

    eluent: eluyente elution chromatography: cromatografa de elucin elution curve: curva de elucin emergency: urgencia emergency laboratory: laboratorio de urgencias emittance: emitancia empyema: empiema ENA*: antgeno nuclear extrable encapsidation: encapsidacin encode: codificar

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    end-labeling: marcaje terminal endo-*-N-acetylgalactosaminidase*: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa endo-*-N-acetylglucosaminidase*: manosil-glicoprotena endo-*-N-acetilglucosaminidasa endo-N-acetylneuraminidase*: endo-*-sialidasa endocervical mucus: moco endocervical endoenzyme: endoenzima endogenote: endogenote endo-1,4-*-glucanase*: celulasa endoneuraminidase*: endo-*-sialidasa endonuclease S1 (Aspergillus)*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus

    endoparasite: endoparsito endopeptidase K: endopeptidasa K endoproteinase Asp-N*: peptidil-Asp-metaloendopeptidasa endoproteinase Glu-C*: glutamil-endopeptidasa endoproteinase Lis-C*: lisil-endopeptidasa endo-*-sialidase: endo-*-sialidasa enhancer: intensificador enolase*: fosfopiruvato-hidratasa enoxacin: enoxacina enrichment culture: caldo de enriquecimiento

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOenrichment medium: medio de enriquecimiento enteral nutrition: nutricin enteral enterokinase*: enteropeptidasa enteropeptidase: enteropeptidasa enteroinvasive: enteroinvasor enterotoxigenic: enterotoxignico enterotoxin: enterotoxina enthalpy: entalpa entitic: enttico; entsico entity: entidad; ente entropy: entropa

    entry exclusion: bloqueo de entrada entry site: centro aceptor enzyme : enzima enzyme activity: actividad enzimtica enzyme electrode: electrodo enzimtico enzyme immunoassay : enzimoinmunoanlisis enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: elisa eosin-methylene blue agar: agar-eosina-cloruro de metiltioninio eosinophil: eosinofilocito; eosinfilo eosinophilocyte: eosinofilocito; eosinfilo

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOepidemiology: epidemiologa epigenetic: epigentico epinephrine*: [sustancia endgena] 1. adrenalina. 2. adrenalinio epinephrine: [frmaco] epinefrina epitope: eptope Epstein-Barr virus: virus de Epstein-Barr equatorial plate: placa ecuatorial equilibrium constant: constante de equilibrio Erlenmeyer flask: matraz de Erlenmeyer Ermengen's bacillus*: Clostridium botulinum

    error: error erythrasma: eritrasma erythrocyte: eritrocito erythrocyte sedimentation rate*: eritrosedimentacin erythromycin: eritromicina erythropoietin: eritropoyetina erythrosedimentation: eritrosedimentacin esculin agar: agar-esculina essential trace element: oligoelemento ESR*: eritrosedimentacin

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    esterase*: carboxilesterasa estradiol-17*: estradiol-17* estradiol 17*-dehydrogenase: estradiol-17*-deshidrogenasa ethanol: etanol ethanolamine kinase: etanolamina-cinasa ethosuximide: etosuximida ethylenediaminetetraacete: etilendinitrilotetracetato; etilendiaminotetracetato ethylenedinitrilotetraacetate: etilendinitrilotetracetato; etilendiaminotetracetato eugonic: eugnico eukaryotic: eucariota

    examination:1. examen 2. exploracin excision: escisin excitation: excitacin excitation energy: energa de excitacin exclusion chromatography: cromatografa de exclusin exodeoxyribonuclease III: exodesoxirribonucleasa III exoenzyme: exoenzima exogenote: exogenote exo-1,4-*-glucosidase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa exon: exn

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    3'-exonuclease*: exonucleasa esplnica 5'-exonuclease*: fosfodiesterasa I exo-*-sialidase: exo-*-sialidasa exotoxin: exotoxina exo-1,4-*-xylosidase*: xilano-1,4-*-xilosidasa expectoration: esputo experimental standard desviation: desviacin tpica experimental expression: expresin extended DNA: DNA expandido external quality assessment: evaluacin externa de la calidad

    external quality control: control externo de la calidad extinction* : [con el significado de] absorbancia extracellular fluid: lquido extracelular extractable nuclear antigen: antgeno nuclear extrable exudate: exudado

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    F-duction: F-duccin facultative anaerobe: anaerobio facultativo factor: factor factor XIIIa*: protena-glutamina-*-glutamiltransferasa fcal culture: coprocultivo fces: heces false negative: negativo falso false positive: positivo falso farad: farad Faraday constant: constante de Faraday

    Faraday constant: constante de Faraday fastidious anaerobe: anaerobio exigente fasting: en ayunas fatty acid: cido graso fatty acid thiokinase (long chain)*: cido-graso-de-cadena-larga*CoA-ligasa FBC: hemograma completo fecal culture: coprocultivo feces: heces feedback: retroaccin fermentation: fermentacin

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    fermentation test: prueba de la fermentacin ferricyanide*: hexacianoferrato(III) ferritin: ferritina ferrochelatase: ferroquelatasa ferrocyanide*: hexacianoferrato(II) ferroxidase: ferroxidasa Feseri's bacillus*: Clostridium chauvoei fetal hmoglobin: hemoglobina fetal fetal Hb: hemoglobina fetal *-fetoprotein: *-fetoprotena

    FIA*: fluoroinmunoanlisis fibrin: fibrina fibrin degradation products: productos de degradacin de la fibrina fibrinase*: plasmina fibrinogen: fibringeno fibrinogen split products: productos de la degradacin del fibringeno fibrinogenase*: trombina fibrinoligase*: protena-glutamina*-glutamiltransferasa fibrinolysin*: plasmina fibroblast: fibroblasto

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    ficain: ficana ficin*: ficana Fick's bacillus*: Proteus vulgaris field inversion gel electrophoresis: electroforesis de inversin de campo en gel fill-in reaction: reaccin de relleno filter flask: matraz de filtracin filter hybridization: hibridacin sobre filtro filtration: filtracin fimbriae: fimbria fingerprint: huella

    fingerprinting: obtencin de la huella gentica firefly luciferase*: photinus-luciferina-4-monooxigenasa (hidrolizante de ATP) fission: fisin fistula: fstula flagellar stain: tincin flagelar flame atomic absortion spectrometry: espectrometra de absorcin atmica de llama flame atomic emission spectrometry: espectrometra de emisin atmica de llama flame photometry*: espectrometra de emisin atmica de llama flanking sequence: secuencia flanqueadora flavin mononucleotide: mononucletido de flavina

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    flavin-adenine dinucleotide: dinucletido de flavina y adenina Flexner's bacillus*: Shigella flexneri floccose: flocoso flow: flujo flow cytometry: citometra de flujo flow injection: inyeccin en flujo flow rate: caudal fluconazole: fluconazol fluorescein: fluorescena fluorescence immunoassay: fluoroinmunoanlisis

    fluorescence polarization immunoassay: fluoroinmunoanlisis de polarizacin fluorescent-antibody test: prueba del anticuerpo fluorescente fluorescent stain: tincin fluorescente fluorometry: fluorimetra flush end: extremo romo flux: flujo FMN reductase*: NAD(P)H-deshidrogenasa (FMN) folate: folato folic acid*: [con el significado de] folato follicle-stimulating hormone*: folitropina

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    follicle-stimulating-hormone-releasing factor*: foliberina follitropin: folitropina fomite: fmite food-borne illness: enfermedad transmitida por alimentos footprint: impronta footprinting: obtencin de la impronta force: fuerza formaldehyde: formaldehdo formate: formiato formate*tetrahydrofolate ligase: formiato*tetrahidrofolato-ligasa

    formimino-L-glutamic transferase*: glutamato-formiminotransferasa formiminotetrahydrofolate cyclodeaminase: formiminotetrahidrofolato-ciclodesaminasa formimino*THF cyclodeiminase*: formiminotetrahidrofolato-ciclodesaminasa formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase*: formiato*tetrahidrofolato-ligasa formyl*THF synthetase*: formiato*tetrahidrofolato-ligasa forward mutation: mutacin directa FPIA*: fluoroinmunoanlisis de polarizacin fractile: fractil fraction: fraccin frame-shift mutation: mutacin del marco de lectura

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    free*: [con el significado de] 1. no unido a protena 2. no esterificado free energy: energa libre free fatty acids*: cidos grasos no esterificados frequency: frecuencia frictional coefficient: coeficiente de friccin friction factor: factor de friccin Friedewald's formula: frmula de Friedewald Friedlander's bacillus*: Klebsiella pneumoniae fructaldolase B*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructoaldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa

    *-fructofuranosidase: *-fructofuranosidasa fructokinase: fructocinasa fructosamine: Fructosamina

    fructose: fructosa fructose-bisphosphatase: fructosa-bisfosfatasa fructose-bisphosphate aldolase: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase B*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose-1,6-bisphosphate triosephosphate-lyase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose 1,6-diphosphatase*: fructosa-bisfosfatasa fructose diphosphate aldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa

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    fructose diphosphate aldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose 1,6-phosphatase*: fructosa-bisfosfatasa fructose 1-phosphate aldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose-6-phosphate kinase*: 6-fosfofructocinasa *-fructosidase*: *-fructofuranosidasa frusemide*: furosemida FSH*: folitropina FSH-RF*: foliberina FTA: anticuerpo fluorescente antitreponmico *-L-fucosidase: *-L-fucosidasa

    full blood count: hemograma completo fumarate hydratase: fumarato-hidratasa fumarylacetoacetase: fumarilacetoacetasa functional test: prueba funcional fungus: hongo fungemia: fungemia furosemide: furosemida

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    galactokinase: galactocinasa galactosamine-6-sulfatase*: N-acetilgalactosamina-6-sulfatasa galactose: galactosa galactose 1-dehydrogenase: galactosa-1-deshidrogenasa *-galactose dehydrogenase*: galactosa-1-deshidrogenasa galactose epimerase*: UDP-glucosa-4-epimerasa galactose oxidase: galactosa-oxidasa galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase*: 1. UTP*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransferasa 2. UDPglucosa*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransferasa galactose-6-sulfate sulfatase*: N-acetilgalactosamina-6-sulfatasa

    *-galactosidase: *-galactosidasa *-galactosidase: *-galactosidasa *-galactoside *-2,3-sialyltransferase: *-galactsido-*-2,3-sialiltransferasa *-galactoside *-2,6-sialyltransferase: *-galactsido-*-2,6-sialiltransferasa galactosylceramidase: galactosilceramidasa galactosylgalactosylglucosylceramidase: galactosilgalactosilglucosilceramidasa *-galactosyl hydrolase*: *-galactosidasa galley proof: galerada gamma GT: *-glutamiltransferasa gapped DNA: DNA incompleto

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    Gartner's bacillus*: Salmonella enteriditis gas chromatography: cromatografa en fase gaseosa; cromatografa de gases gas-liquid chromatography: cromatografa gas-lquido gas sterilizer: esterilizador por gas gastric contents: contenido gstrico gastric juice: jugo gstrico gastricsine: gastricsina gastrin: gastrina gene: gen gene bank: genoteca

    gene coupling: apareamiento gnico gene deletion: delecin gnica gene disruption: interrupcin gnica gene dosage: dosis gnica gene library: genoteca gene manipulation: manipulacin gnica gene tagging: marcado gnico gene targeting: reconocimiento gnico gene tracking: seguimiento gnico genetic background: contexto gentico

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    genetic code: cdigo gentico genetic code degenerescence: redundancia del cdigo gentico genetic engineering: ingeniera gentica genetic load: carga gentica genetic marker: marcador gentico genetic transfer: transferencia gentica genetics: gentica genome: Genoma genomic library: genoteca genmica genomic mismatch scanning: rastreo genmico de malapareamiento

    genotype: genotipo gentamicin: gentamicina gentiobiase*: *-glucosidasa germ*: microrganismo germ tube test medium: medio para la prueba de la germinacin gestational protein: protena gravdica GFR*: caudal de filtracin glomerular GGT*: *-glutamiltransferasa GH*: somatotropina Ghon-Sachs bacillus*: Clostridium septicum

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    GH-RF*: somatoliberina Gibbs free energy: energa libre de Gibbs Giemsa stain: tincin de Giemsa glandular kallikrein*: calicrena hstica globulin: globulina glomerular filtrate: filtrado glomerular glomerular filtration: filtracin glomerular glomerular filtration rate: caudal de filtracin glomerular glomeruli: glomrulos GLP*: buenas prcticas de laboratorio

    glucagon: glucagn 1,4-*-glucan branching enzyme: enzima ramificadora del 1,4-*-glucano glucan 1,4-*-glucosidase: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa 1,4-*-glucan 6-*-glucosyltransferase: 1,4-*-glucano-6-*-glucosiltransferasa 6-glucanohydrolase*: *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa glucemia*: 1. concentracin de glucosa en plasma 2. concentracin de glucosa en suero glucoamylase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa glucocerebrosidase*: glucosilceramidasa glucoinvertase*: *-glucosidasa glucokinase: glucocinasa

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    glucokinase*: hexocinasa gluconate kinase*: gluconocinasa gluconokinase: gluconocinasa glucophosphomutase*: fosfoglucomutasa glucosamine-6-phosphate isomerase (glutamine-forming)*: glutamina*fructosa-6-fosfato-transaminasa glucose: glucosa glucose 1-dehydrogenase: glucosa-1-deshidrogenasa glucose oxidase: glucosa-oxidasa glucose oxyhydrase*: glucosa-oxidasa

    glucose-6-phosphatase: glucosa-6-fosfatasa glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase: glucosa-6-fosfato-1-deshidrogenasa glucose-6-phosphate isomerase: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa glucosephosphate isomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase*: UTP*glucosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransferasa glucose phosphomutase*: fosfoglucomutasa glucose tolerance test: prueba de tolerancia a la glucosa *-glucosidase: *-glucosidasa *-glucosidase: *-glucosidasa glucosidosucrase*: *-glucosidasa

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    glucosuria*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de glucosa en orina 2. excrecin de glucosa en orina glucosylceramidase: glucosilceramidasa *-glucuronidase: *-glucuronidasa glucuronosyltransferase: glucuronosiltransferasa glutamate: glutamato glutamate*cysteine ligase: glutamato*cistena-ligasa glutamate decarboxylase: glutamato-descarboxilasa glutamate dehydrogenase: glutamato-deshidrogenasa glutamate dehydrogenase*: glutamato-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+]

    glutamate dehydrogenase (NADP+): glutamato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) glutamate dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+]: glutamato-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] glutamate formiminotransferase: glutamato-formiminotransferasa glutamate formyltransferase*: glutamato-formiminotransferasa glutamic acid: cido glutmico glutamic-alanine transaminase*: alanina-transaminasa glutamic-aspartic transaminase*: aspartato-transaminasa glutamic dehydrogenase*: 1. glutamato-deshidrogenasa 2. glutamato-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] 3. glutamato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase*: aspartato-transaminasa

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    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    glutamic-pyruvic transaminase*: alanina-transaminasa glutaminase: glutaminasa glutamine: glutamina glutamine*fructose-6-phosphate transaminase: glutamina*fructosa-6-fosfato-transaminasa glutamine phosphoribosylpyrophosphate amidotransferase*: amidofosforribosiltransferasa glutamine-pyruvate aminotransferase*: glutamina*fructosa-6-fosfato-transaminasa *-glutamylcysteine synthase*: glutamato*cistena-ligasa *-glutamylcysteine synthetase*: glutamato*cistena-ligasa glutamyl endopeptidase: glutamil-endopeptidasa

    *-glutamyltransferase: *-glutamiltransferasa glutamyl transpeptidase*: *-glutamiltransferasa

    *-glutamyl transpeptidase*: *-glutamiltransferasa glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase: glutaril-CoA-deshidrogenasa glutathione S-alkyltransferase*: glutatin-transferasa glutathione S-aralkyltransferase*: glutatin-transferasa glutathione S-aryltransferase*: glutatin-transferasa glutathione peroxidase: glutatin-peroxidasa glutathione reductase*: glutatin-reductasa (NADPH) glutathione reductase (NADPH): glutatin-reductasa (NADPH)

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOglutathione synthase: glutatin-sintasa glutathione synthetase*: glutatin-sintasa glutathione transferase: glutatin-transferasa glutethimide: glutetimida N-glycanase*: pptido-N4-(N-acetil-*-glucosaminil)asparragina-amidasa O-glycan peptide hydrolase*: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa glycated hemoglobin*: glicohemoglobina glycemia*: concentracin de glucosa en plasma 2. concentracin de glucosa en suero 2 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: gliceraldehdo-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+) (phosphorylating): gliceraldehdo-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) (fosforilante)

    glycerate dehydrogenase: glicerato-deshidrogenasa glycerate phosphomutase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa glyceric dehydrogenase*: glicerato-deshidrogenasa glycerol dehydrogenase: glicerol-deshidrogenasa glycerol kinase: glicerol-cinasa glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+): glicerol-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa (NAD+) glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase: glicerol-3-fosfato-oxidasa glycerophosphatase*: 1. fosfatasa cida 2. fosfatasa alcalina *-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase*: glicerol-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa (NAD+) glycine: glicina

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    glycine decarboxylase*: glicina-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante) glycine dehydrogenase (decarboxylating): glicina-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante) glycine synthase*: 1. aminometiltransferasa 2. glicina-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante) glycogenase*: 1. *-amilasa 2. *-amilasa glycogen phosphorylase: glucgeno-fosforilasa glycogen phosphorylase kinase*: fosforilasa-cinasa glycogen synthase: glucgeno-sintasa glycogen synthetase*: glucgeno-sintasa glycohemoglobin: glicohemoglobina

    glycolaldehydetransferase*: transcetolasa glycopeptidase*: pptido-N 4-(N-acetil-*-glucosaminil)asparragina-amidasa glycopeptide *-N-acetylgalactosaminidase: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa glycopeptide N-glycosidase*: pptido-N 4-(N-acetil-*-glucosaminil)asparragina-amidasa glycoprotein 4-*-galactosyl-transferase*: *-N-acetilglucosaminilglicopptido-*-1,4-galactosiltransferasa O-glycosidase*: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa glycosuria*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de glucosa en orina 2. excrecin de glucosa en orina glycosylated hemoglobin*: glicohemoglobina

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    glyoxalase*: lactoilglutatin-liasa glyoxilate reductase: glioxilato-reductasa glyoxylate reductase*: glicerato-deshidrogenasa gonadoliberin: gonadoliberina gonadorelin: gonadorelina gonadotropin: gonadotropina gonadotropin hormone*: gonadotropina gonadotropin-releasing factor*: gonadoliberina gonococcus*: Neisseria gonorrhoeae GOT*: aspartato-aminotransferasa

    GPT*: alanina-aminotransferasa Gram-negative: gramnegativo Gram-positive: grampositivo Gram stain: tincin de Gram granulocyte: granulocito gratuitous inducer: inductor gratuito gravimetry: gravimetra gray: gray gross mutation: mutacin voluminosa growth factor: factor de crecimiento

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    growth hormone*: somatotropina growth hormone-releasing factor*: somatoliberina *GT*: *-glutamiltransferasa *-GTP*: *-glutamiltransferasa GTP cyclohydrolase I: GTP-ciclohidrolasa I guanase*: guanina-desaminasa guanine: guanina guanine aminase*: guanina-desaminasa guanine deaminase: guanina-desaminasa guanine phosphoribosyltransferase*: hipoxantina-fosforribosiltransferasa

    guanosine: guanosina guanosine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de guanosina guanosine-5'-monophosphate kinase*: guanilato-cinasa guanosine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de guanosina guanosine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de guanosina guanylate kinase: guanilato-cinasa

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    haem: hemo haem synthase*: ferroquelatasa haem synthetase*: ferroquelatasa haematology: hematologa haemeprotein: hemoprotena haemoglobin: hemoglobina haemoglobin A1 *: Glicohemoglobina haemolysis: hemlisis haemolyzed blood: sangre hemolizada Hageman factor*: factor XII de la coagulacin

    Hageman factor (activated)*: factor XIIa de la coagulacin hair: pelo; cabello hair penetration test: prueba de la penetracin capilar hairpin: horquilla hairpin loop: horquilla half-life: semivida Hanks buffered salts solution: solucin tamponada de sales de Hanks Hansen's bacillus*: Mycobacterium leprae haploid: haploide haplotype: haplotipo

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOhapten: hapteno haptoglobin: haptoglobina HDL-colesterol: colesterol de lipoprotenas de alta densidad; colesterol de HDL heat capacity: capacidad trmica heat shock: choque trmico heat sterilization: esterilizacin por calor HeLa cell: clula HeLa helix-turn-helix: hlice-vuelta-hlice helminth: helminto helper: auxiliar hem: hemo

    hem synthase*: ferroquelatasa hem synthetase*: ferroquelatasa hemacytometer chamber: cmara hemocitomtrica hemagglutination: hemaglutinacin hemagglutination inhibition: inhibicin de la hemaglutinacin hemagglutination inhibition test: prueba de la inhibicin de la hemaglutinacin hematology: hematologa hematoxilyn and eosin stain: tincin con hematoxilina y eosina hemeprotein: hemoprotena hemoglobin: hemoglobina

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    hemoglobin A1 *: glicohemoglobina hemolysis: hemlisis hemolyzed blood: sangre hemolizada Henderson-Hasselbach equation: ecuacin de Henderson-Hasselbach henry: henry heparan-*-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase: heparn-*-glucosaminida-N-acetiltransferasa heparan sulfamatase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa heparan N-sulfamidase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa heparan N-sulfatase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa

    heparan sulfate sulfatase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa heparin: heparina heparinized blood: sangre heparinizada heparinized syringe: jeringuilla heparinizada hepatic clearance: depuracin heptica hepatitis A virus: virus de la hepatitis A hepatitis B virus: virus de la hepatitis B hepatitis C virus: virus de la hepatitis C hepatitis B core antigen: antgeno nuclear de la hepatitis B hertz: hertz

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    heteroduplex analysis: anlisis heterodplex heteroduplex mapping: cartografa heterodplex heterogeneous immunoassay: inmunoanlisis heterogneo heterogenote: heterogenote heteropycnosis: heteropicnosis heteroscedaticity: heterocedasticidad heterothroph: hetertrofo heterozygote: heterocigoto hexaclorophene: hexaclorofeno hexokinase: hexocinasa

    hexokinase I*: hexocinasa hexokinase D*: hexocinasa hexokinase type IV*: hexocinasa hexosaminidase*: *-N-acetilhexosaminidasa hexosediphosphatase*: fructosa-bisfosfatasa hexosephosphate aminotransferase*: glutamina*fructosa-6-fosfato-transaminasa hexosephosphate isomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase*: UDP-glucosa*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransferasa HGF*: glucagon

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    high-performance liquid chromatography: cromatografa en fase lquida de alta eficacia; cromatografa de lquidos de alta eficacia high-pressure liquid chromatography: cromatografa en fase lquida de alta eficacia; cromatografa de lquidos de alta eficacia hippurate test: prueba del hipurato histaminase*: amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) histidase*: histidina-amonaco-liasa histidinase*: histidina-amonaco-liasa histidine: histidina histidine ammonia-lyase: histidina-amonaco-liasa

    histidine *-deaminase*: histidina-amonaco-liasa histochemistry: histoqumica histocompatibility test: prueba de histocompatibilidad histology: histologa histone: histona histopathology: histopatologa HMG-CoA lyase*: hidroximetilglutaril-CoA-liasa holocarboxylase synthetase*: biotina*[propionil-CoA-carboxilasa (hidrolizante de ATP)- ligasa homeobox: homeosecuencia homocarnosinase*: X-His-dipeptidasa

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    homoduplex: homodplex homogeneous immunoassay: inmunoanlisis homogneo homogenote: homogenote homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase: `homogentisato-1,2-dioxigenasa homogentisate oxygenase*: homogentisato-1,2-dioxigenasa homogentisicase*: homogentisato-1,2-dioxigenasa homology: homologa homoscedasticity: homocedasticidad homoserine deaminase*: cistationina-*-liasa homoserine dehydratase*: cistationina-*-liasa

    homovanillic acid*: 4-hidroxi-3-metoxifenilacetato homozygote: homocigoto Hormann's bacillus*: Corynebacterium pseudodiphtericum hormone: hormona host cell: clula hospedadora host computer: ordenador central hot spot: punto caliente housekeeping gene: gen de mantenimiento HPLC: cromatografa en fase lquida de alta eficacia; cromatografa de lquidos de alta eficacia human immunodeficiency virus: virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana; virus del sida

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    human leukocyte antigen: antgeno leucocitario humano human menopausal gonadotropin*: urogonadotropina humidophilic: humidoflico hyaluronate lyase: hialuronato liasa hyaluronidase*: 1. hialuronato-liasa 2. hialuronoglucosaminidasa 3. hialuronoglucuronidasa hyaluronoglucosaminidase: hialuronoglucosaminidasa hyaluronoglucosidase*: hialuronoglucosaminidasa hyaluronoglucuronidase: hialuronoglucuronidasa hybridization: hibridacin

    hybridoma: hibridoma hydrogen carbonate: hidrogenocarbonato hydrogenion*: ion hidrgeno hydrolisis: hidrlisis 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase: 3-hidroxiacil-CoA-deshidrogenasa *-hydroxyacyl dehydrogenase*: 3-hidroxiacil-CoA-deshidrogenasa hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase: hidroxiacilglutatin-hidrolasa S-(hydroxyalkyl)-glutathione lyase*: glutatin-transferasa 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase: 3-hidroxibutirato-deshidrogenasa *-hydroxybutyric acid*: 1. cido 2-hidroxibutrico. 2. 2-hidroxibutirato

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    24(R)-hydroxycalcidiol: 24(R)-hidroxicalcidiol 25-hydroxycholecalciferol*: calcidiol 5-hydroxyindolylacetate: [cido 5-hidroxindolilactico ms ion 5-hidroxindolilacetato] 5-hidroxindolilacetato 5-hydroxyindolylacetic acid: cido 5-hidroxindolilactico 5-hydroxyindolylacetic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido 5-hidroxindolilactico ms ion 5-hidroxindolilacetato] 5-hidroxindolilacetato 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase: 3-hidroxisobutiril-CoA-hidrolasa 21-hydroxylase*: esteroide-21-monoxigenasa 17*-hydroxylase*: esteroide-17*-monoxigenasa

    11*-hydroxylase*: esteroide-11*-monoxigenasa 11*/18-hydroxylase*: esteroide-11*-monoxigenasa 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelate: [cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandlico ms ion 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandelato] 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandelato 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid: cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandlico 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandlico ms ion 4-HIDROXI-3-METOXIMANDELATO] 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandelato 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetate: 4-hidroxi-3-metoxifenilacetato 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetate acid: cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoxifenilactico hydroxymethylbilane synthase: hidroximetilbilano-sintasa

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA lyase: hidroximetilglutaril-CoA-liasa hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH): hidroximetilglutaril-CoA-reductasa (NADPH) 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase: 4-hidroxifenilpiruvato-dioxigenasa 17*-hydroxyprogesterone aldolase: 17*-hidroxiprogesterona-aldolasa 17*-hydroxyprogesterone C-17/C-20 lyase*: 17*-hidroxiprogesterona-aldolasa hydroxyproline: hidroxiprolina (R)-20-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: 3*( 20*)-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa 20*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: estradiol-17*-deshidrogenasa 3*(or 20*)-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase: 3*( 20*)-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa

    3*-hydroxy-*5-steroid dehydrogenase: 3*-hidroxi-*5-esteroide-deshidrogenasa 3(or 17)*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase: 3( 17)*-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa 17*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: testosterona-17*-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) 17*,20*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: estradiol-17*-deshidrogenasa 3*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (B-specific): 3*-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa (B-especfica) hyperglycemic factor*: glucagn hypertonic: hipertnico -ica hypha: hifa hypophysis: hipfisis hypthalamus: hipotlamo

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICOhypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase*: hipoxantina-

    fosforribosiltransferasa hypoxanthine oxidase*: xantina-oxidasa hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase: hipoxantina-fosforribosiltransferasacomplement component: componente del complemento complement fixation: fijacin del complemento complementary deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico complementario complementary DNA: DNA complementario complementary ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico complementario complete blood count: hemograma

    complex: complejo complex locus: locus complejo compliance: cumplimiento; observancia component: componente

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    ICSH*: lutropina identification process: proceso de identificacin identification system: sistema de identificacin L-iditol 2-dehydrogenase: L-iditol-2-deshidrogenasa iduronate 2-sulfatase: iduronato-2-sulfatasa L-iduronidase: L-iduronidasa illuminance: iluminancia imidodipeptidase*: X-Pro-dipeptidasa imipenem: imipenem immersion lens: objetivo de inmersin

    immersion objective: objetivo de inmersin immersion oil: aceite de inmersin immune: 1. inmunitario -ia 2. inmunolgico -ica immune adherence: inmunoadherencia immune complex: inmunocomplejo immune response: respuesta inmunitaria immune system: sistema inmunitario immunoadsorbent column: columna inmunoadsorbente immunoassay: inmunoanlisis immunoblot: inmunotransferencia

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    immunoblotting: inmunotransferencia immunochemistry: inmunoqumica immunodiffusion: inmunodifusin immunodiffusion radial: inmunodifusin radial immunoelectrodiffusion: inmunoelectrodifusin immunoelectrophoresis: inmunoelectroforesis immunoelectrophoretic precipitation: precipitacin inmunoelectrofortica immunofixation: inmunofijacin immunofluorescence: inmunofluorescencia immunoglobulin: inmunoglobulina

    immunoglobulin A: inmunoglobulina A immunoglobulin D: inmunoglobulina D immunoglobulin E: inmunoglobulina E immunoglobulin G: inmunoglobulina G immunoglobulin M: inmunoglobulina M immunology: inmunologa immunoperoxidase assay: prueba de la inmunoperoxidasa immunoprecipitation: inmunoprecipitacin immunoradiometry: inmunorradiometra IMP*aspartate ligase*: adenilosuccinato-sintasa

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    impedance: impedancia IMP pyrophosphorylase*: hipoxantina-fosforribosiltransferasa imprecision: imprecisin imprecision profile: perfil de imprecisin in situ hybridization: hibridacin in situ in vitro: in vitro in vitro diagnostic medical device: dispositivo mdico para diagnstico in vitro in vivo: in vivo inaccuracy: inexactitud incidence: incidencia

    inclusion body: cuerpo de inclusin India ink: tinta china India ink mount: preparacin con tinta china indicator electrode: electrodo indicador indigenous flora: flora indgena indirect agglutination test: prueba indirecta de la aglutinacin indirect bilirubin: bilirrubina no esterificada indirect fluorescent-antibody test: prueba indirecta del anticuerpo fluorescente indirect hemagglutination test: prueba indirecta de la hemaglutinacin indole: indol

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    inducer: inductor induction: induccin infection: infeccin infectious waste: desechos infecciosos influence quantity: magnitud influyente infusion: infusin inhibin: inhibina inhibition: inhibicin inhibitory concentration: concentracin inhibidora inhibitory quotient: cociente inhibidor

    initiator site: centro iniciador inorganic phosphorus*: [con el significado de] fosfato no esterificado inorganic pyrophosphatase: pirofosfatasa inorgnica inosine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de inosina inosine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de inosina inosine phosphorylase*: purina-nuclesido-fosforilasa inosine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de inosina inpatient: paciente hospitalizado input rate: velocidad de procesamiento insert: inserto

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    insertion mutation: mutacin por insercin instertitial cell-stimulating hormone*: lutropina instrument: instrumento instrumental dependability: seguridad instrumental instrumentation: instrumentacin insulin: insulina insulin-like growth factor I: factor de crecimiento insulinoide I insulin-like growth factor II: factor de crecimiento insulinoide II intact parathyrin*: paratirina intercalating agent: agente intercalable

    interchangeability: intercambiabilidad interference: interferencia interference filter: filtro interferencial inter-individual biological variability: varibilidad biolgica interindividual inter-individual biological variation: variacin biolgica interindividual interlaboratory imprecision: imprecisin entre laboratorios interlaboratory quality control: control de la calidad entre laboratorios intermediate host: hospedero intermedio internal energy: energa interna internal quality control: control interno de

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    international normalized ratio: razn normalizada internacional internacional standard: 1. patrn internacional. 2. norma internacional international unit: unidad internacional interspersed repetitive sequence: secuencia repetitiva intercalada interrupted mating: acoplamiento interrumpido interstitial collagenase: colagenasa intersticial interval scale: escala de intervalo intervening sequence: secuencia interpuesta intestine: intestino intracellular fluid: lquido intracelular intra-individual biological variability: variabilidad biolgica intraindividual

    +intra-individual biological variation: variacin biolgica intraindividual intron: intrn intron splicing: eliminacin de intrones inuline: inulina invasive procedure: procedimiento cruento inversion loop: lazo de inversin invertase*: *-fructofuranosidasa iodide peroxidase: ioduro-peroxidasa iodinase*: ioduro-peroxidasa iodotyrosine dehalogenase*: ioduro-peroxidasa iodotyrosine deiodase*: ioduro-peroxidasa

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    ion exchange chromatography: cromatografa de intercambio inico ion par: par inico ionic activity: actividad inica ionic activity coefficient: coeficiente de actividad inica ionic strength: fuerza inica ionized calcium*: ion calcio iontophoresis: iontoforesis iron: hierro irradiance: irradiancia isoaccepting tRNA: tRNA isoaceptor

    isoamylase: isoamilasa isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+): isocitrato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) isoelectrical point: punto isoelctrico isoelectrofocusing: isoelectroenfoque isoenzyme: isoenzima isoform: isoforma isolation medium: medio de aislamiento isoleucine: isoleucina isomaltase*: oligo-1,6-glucosidasa isoniazid: isoniazida

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    isopropyl alcohol: 2-propanol; alcohol isoproplico isoproterenol*: isoprenalina isopycnose: isopicnosis isoschizomer: isoesquizmero isotonic: isotnico isotope: istopo isovaleric acid CoA dehydrogenase*: isovaleril-CoA-deshidrogenasa isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase: isovaleril-CoA-deshidrogenasa isovitamin D3*: (5E)-isocalciol isozyme: isoenzima

    iteron: itern IU*: unidad internacional

    J

    Johne's bacillus*: Mycobacterium paratuberculosis joint fluid: lquido sinovial joule: joule jumping gene: gen saltador

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    kalemia*: 1. concentracin de ion potasio en plasma 2. concentracin de ion potasio en suero kaliuria*: 1. concentracin de ion potasio en orina 2. excrecin de ion potasio en orina kanamycin: kanamicina karyokinesis: cariocinesis katacalcin: catacalcina katal: catal kelvin: kelvin keratan-sulfate endo-1,4-*-galactosidase: queratn-sulfato-endo-1,4-*-galactosidasa *-ketoacid carboxylase*: piruvato-descarboxilasa 3-ketoacid CoA-transferase*: 3-oxocido-CoA-transferasa

    `keto acid decarboxylase*: 3-metil-2-oxobutanoato-deshidrogenasa (lipoamida) 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase*: acetil-CoA-C-aciltransferasa ketoconazole: ketoconazol ketohexokinase: cetohexocinasa ketone-aldehyde mutase*: lactoilglutatin-liasa ketone bodies*: [cuando en realidad se hace referencia a acetona ms acetoacetato] metilcetona ketone body: compuesto cetnico *-keto-reductase*: 3-hidroxiacil-CoA-deshidrogenasa 17-ketosteroid reductase*: testosterona-17*-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) 17-ketosteroid*: 17-oxoesteroide

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO3-ketothiolase*: acetil-CoA-C-aciltransferasa *-ketothiolase*: acetil-CoA-C-aciltransferasa kidney: rin kidney kallikrein*: calicrena hstica killer DNA: DNA matador kind-of-property: tipo de propiedad kind-of-quantity: tipo de magnitud kinetic energy: energa cintica King medium: medio de King kinin: cinina kinin-9*: bradicinina

    kinin-10*: calidina kininase II*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A kininogenin*: calicrena plasmtica Kinyoun acid-fast stain: tincin de cidorresistencia de Kinyoun kit: equipo de reactivos Kitasato's bacillus*: Yersinia pestis Klebs-Lffler's bacillus*: Corynebacterium diphteriae Klenow enzyme*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA Koch's bacillus*: Mycobacterium tuberculosis Koch-Weeks bacillus*: Haemophilus influenzae

    FIN

    GLOSARIO LABORATORIO CLINICO

    Khler illumination: iluminacin de Khler Kornberg polymerase*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA Kovacs oxidase test: prueba de la oxidasa de Kovacs Kruse-Sonne's bacillus*: Shigella sonnei kynureninase: cinureninasa