Esquemas Inglés.pdf

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    To Be Present Simple

    AffirmativeI am S

    INGUL

    AR

    You areHe isShe isIt is

    We are PLURAL

    You areThey are

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Am I ___? Yes, I am/you are No, Im not/you arentAre you ___? Yes, I am No, Im not

    Is he ___? Yes, he is No, he isntIs she ___? Yes, she is No, she isntIs it ___? Yes, it is No, it isnt

    Are we ___? Yes, we are No, we arentAre you ___? Yes, you are No, you arentAre they ___? Yes, they are No, they arent

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I am not Im not SINGUL

    A

    R

    You are not arentHe is not isntShe is not isnt

    It is not isnt

    We are not arent PLURAL

    You are not arentThey are not arent

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    To Be Present Continuous

    AffirmativeI am being SINGUL

    AR

    You are beingHe is beingShe is beingIt is being

    We are being PLURAL

    You are beingThey are being

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I am not being I not being SINGUL

    AR

    You are not being You arent beingHe is not being He isnt beingShe is not being She isnt beingIt is not being It isnt being

    We are not being We arent being PLURAL

    You are not being You arent beingThey are not being They arent being

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Am I being ___? Yes, I am/you are No, Im not/ you arent

    Are you being ___? Yes, I am No, Im notIs he being ___? Yes, he is No, he isntIs she being ___? Yes, she is No, she isntIs it being ___? Yes, it is No, it isnt

    Are we being ___? Yes, we are No, we arentAre you being ___? Yes, you are No, you arentAre they being ___? Yes, they are No, they arent

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    To Be Past Simple

    AffirmativeI was S

    INGUL

    AR

    You wereHe wasShe wasIt was

    We were PLURAL

    You wereThey were

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Was I ___? Yes, I was/you were No, I wasnt / you werentWere you ___? Yes, I was No, I wasntWas he ___? Yes, he was No, he wasntWas she ___? Yes, she was No, she wasntWas it ___? Yes, it was No, it wasnt

    Were we ___? Yes, we were No, we werentWere you ___? Yes, you were No, you werentWere they ___? Yes, they were No, they werent

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I was not wasnt SINGUL

    A

    R

    You were not werentHe was not wasntShe was not wasnt

    It was not wasnt

    We were not werent PLURAL

    You were not werentThey were not werent

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    To Be Past Continuous

    AffirmativeI was being SINGUL

    AR

    You were beingHe was beingShe was beingIt was being

    We were being PLURAL

    You were beingThey were being

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I was not being I wasnt being SINGUL

    AR

    You were not being You werentbeingHe was not being He wasnt beingShe was not being She wasnt beingIt was not being It wasnt being

    We were not being We werentbeing PLURAL

    You were not being You werentbeingThey were not being They werentbeing

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Was I being ___? Yes, I was/you were No, I wasnt/ you werent

    Were you being ___? Yes, I was No, I wasntWas he being ___? Yes, he was No, he wasntWas she being ___? Yes, she was No, she wasntWas it being ___? Yes, it was No, it wasnt

    Were we being ___? Yes, we were No, we werentWere you being ___? Yes, you were No, you werentWere they being ___? Yes, they were No, they werent

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    To Do Present Simple

    AffirmativeI do

    You doHe doesShe doesIt does

    We doYou doThey do

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Do I ___? Yes, I /you do No, I / you dontDo you ___? Yes, I do No, I dont

    Does he ___? Yes, he does No, he doesntDoes she ___? Yes, she does No, she doesntDoes it ___? Yes, it does No, it doesnt

    Do we ___? Yes, we do No, we dontDo you ___? Yes, you do No, you dontDo they ___? Yes, they do No, they dont

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I do not dontYou do not dontHe does not doesntShe does not doesnt

    It does

    not doesnt

    We do not dontYou do not dontThey do not dont

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    To Do Present Continuous

    AffirmativeI am doingYou are doingHe is doingShe is doingIt is doing

    We are doingYou are doingThey are doing

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I am not doing I not doingYou are not doing You arent doingHe is not doing He isnt doingShe is not doing She isnt doingIt is not doing It isnt doing

    We are not doing We arent doingYou are not doing You arent doingThey are not doing They arent doing

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Am I doing ___? Yes, I am/you are No, Im not/ you arent

    Are you doing ___? Yes, I am No, Im notIs he doing ___? Yes, he is No, he isntIs she doing ___? Yes, she is No, she isntIs it doing ___? Yes, it is No, it isnt

    Are we doing ___? Yes, we are No, we arentAre you doing ___? Yes, you are No, you arentAre they doing ___? Yes, they are No, they arent

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    To Do Past Simple

    AffirmativeI did

    You didHe didShe didIt did

    We didYou didThey did

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Did I ___? Yes, I /you did No, I / you didntDid you ___? Yes, I did No, I didntDid he ___? Yes, he did No, he didntDid she ___? Yes, she did No, she didntDid it ___? Yes, it did No, it didnt

    Did we ___? Yes, we did No, we didntDid you ___? Yes, you did No, you didntDid they ___? Yes, they did No, they didnt

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I did not didntYou did not didntHe did not didntShe did not didnt

    It did

    not didnt

    We did not didntYou did not didntThey did not didnt

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    To Do Past Continuous

    AffirmativeI was doingYou were doingHe was doingShe was doingIt was doing

    We were doingYou were doingThey were doing

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I was not doing I wasnt doingYou were not doing You werent doingHe was not doing He wasnt doingShe was not doing She wasnt doingIt was not doing It wasnt doing

    We were not doing We werent doingYou were not doing You werent doingThey were not doing They werent doing

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Was I doing ___? Yes, I was/you were No, I wasnt/you werent

    Were you doing ___? Yes, I was No, I wasntWas he doing ___? Yes, he was No, he wasntWas she doing ___? Yes, she was No, she wasntWas it doing ___? Yes, it was No, it wasnt

    Were we doing ___? Yes, we were No, we werentWere you doing ___? Yes, you were No, you werentWere they doing ___? Yes, they were No, they werent

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    To Have Present Simple

    AffirmativeI have

    You haveHe hasShe hasIt has

    We haveYou haveThey have

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Have I ___? Yes, I /you have No, I / you haventHave you ___? Yes, I have No, I haventHas he ___? Yes, he has No, he hasntHas she ___? Yes, she has No, she hasntHas it ___? Yes, it has No, it hasnt

    Have we ___? Yes, we have No, we haventHave you ___? Yes, you have No, you haventHave they ___? Yes, they have No, they havent

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I have not haventYou have not haventHe has not hasntShe has not hasnt

    It has

    not hasnt

    We have not haventYou have not haventThey have not havent

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    To Have Present Continuous

    AffirmativeI am havingYou are havingHe is havingShe is havingIt is having

    We are havingYou are havingThey are having

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I am not having I not havingYou are not having You arent havingHe is not having He isnt havingShe is not having She isnt havingIt is not having It isnt having

    We are not having We arent havingYou are not having You arent havingThey are not having They arent having

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Am I having ___? Yes, I am/you are No, Im not/ you arent

    Are you having ___? Yes, I am No, Im notIs he having ___? Yes, he is No, he isntIs she having ___? Yes, she is No, she isntIs it having ___? Yes, it is No, it isnt

    Are we having ___? Yes, we are No, we arentAre you having ___? Yes, you are No, you arentAre they having ___? Yes, they are No, they arent

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    To Have Past Simple

    AffirmativeI had

    You hadHe hadShe hadIt had

    We hadYou hadThey had

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Had I ___? Yes, I /you had No, I / you hadntHad you ___? Yes, I had No, I hadntHad he ___? Yes, he had No, he hadntHad she ___? Yes, she had No, she hadntHad it ___? Yes, it had No, it hadntHadHad we ___? Yes, we had No, we hadntHad you ___? Yes, you had No, you hadntHad they ___? Yes, they had No, they hadnt

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I had not hadntYou had not hadntHe had not hadntShe had not hadnt

    It had

    not hadnt

    We had not hadntYou had not hadntThey had not hadnt

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    To Have Past Continuous

    AffirmativeI was havingYou were havingHe was havingShe was havingIt was having

    We were havingYou were havingThey were having

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I was not having I wasnt havingYou were not having You werent havingHe was not having He wasnt havingShe was not having She wasnt havingIt was not having It wasnt having

    We were not having We werent havingYou were not having You werent havingThey were not having They werent having

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Was I having ___? Yes, I was/you were No, I wasnt/ you werent

    Were you having ___? Yes, I was No, I wasntWas he having ___? Yes, he was No, he wasntWas she having ___? Yes, she was No, she wasntWas it having ___? Yes, it was No, it wasnt

    Were we having ___? Yes, we were No, we werentWere you having ___? Yes, you were No, you werentWere they having ___? Yes, they were No, they werent

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    Present Simple

    Usos: Para expresar cosas que, en general, son verdad. Para hablar de hbitos y rutinas; cosas que hacemos normalmente.

    Expresiones temporales: Always Usually Often Sometimes Never Every day Once/twice a week

    Regla principal:

    3rdperson singular (he, she, it) -- vb+s

    Affirmative

    Suj + vb(I, we, you, they)

    Suj + vb-s

    (he, she, it)

    AffirmativeI read S

    INGUL

    AR

    You readHe readsShe readsIt reads

    We read PLURAL

    You readThey read

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    Negative

    Suj + dont + vb(I, we, you, they)

    Suj + doesnt + vb(he, she, it)

    Interrogative

    Do + Suj + vb + __________?(I, we, you, they)

    Does + Suj + vb + __________?(he, she, it)

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I do not read I dont read SINGUL

    AR

    You do not read You dont readHe does not read He doesnt readShe does not read She doesnt readIt does not read It doesnt read

    We do not read We dont read PLURAL

    You do not read You dont readThey do not read They dont read

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Do I read ___? SING

    UL

    AR

    Yes, I/you do No, I/you dontDo you read ___? Yes, I do No, I dont

    Does he read ___? Yes, he does No, he doesntDoes she read ___? Yes, she does No, she doesntDoes it read ___? Yes, it does No, it doesnt

    Do we read ___? PLURAL

    Yes, we do No, we dontDo you read ___? Yes, you do No, you dontDo they read ___? Yes, they do No, they dont

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    Present Continuous

    Usos: Para expresar lo que estamos haciendo en el momento de hablar Para hablar sobre acciones en proceso

    Expresiones temporales: Now At this moment

    Regla principal: Suj + to be + vb-ing

    Affirmative

    Suj + to be affirm + vb-ing(I, he, she, it, we, you, they) (am, is, are)

    Negative

    Suj + to be negative + vb-ing(I, he, she, it, we, you, they) (am not, isnt, arent)

    AffirmativeI am eating S

    INGUL

    AR

    You are eatingHe is eatingShe is eating

    It is eating

    We are eating PLURAL

    You are eatingThey are eating

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I am not eating I not eating SINGUL

    AR

    You are not eating You arent eatingHe is not eating He isnt eatingShe is not eating She isnt eatingIt is not eating It isnt eating

    We are not eating We arent eating PLURAL

    You are not eating You arent eatingThey are not eating They arent eating

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    Interrogative

    to be + Suj + vb-ing(am, is, are) (I, he, she, it, we, you, they)

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Am I eating ___? Yes, I am/you are No, Im not/ you arentAre you eating ___? Yes, I am No, Im not

    Is he eating ___? Yes, he is No, he isntIs she eating ___? Yes, she is No, she isntIs it eating ___? Yes, it is No, it isnt

    Are we eating ___? Yes, we are No, we arentAre you eating ___? Yes, you are No, you arent

    Are they eating ___? Yes, they are No, they arent

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    Past Simple

    Usos: Para expresar cosas que ocurrieron en el pasado (accin concluida o acabada)

    Dos tipos de verbos Regulares (-ed) Irregulares (2columna)

    Affirmative

    Regular (-ed) Suj + vb

    (I, He, She It, we, you, they) Irregular (2columna)

    AffirmativeI forgot

    You forgot

    He forgotShe forgotIt forgot

    We forgotYou forgotThey forgot

    AffirmativeI started

    You startedHe startedShe startedIt started

    We startedYou startedThey started

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    Negative

    Suj + didnt + vb(I, He, She, It, we, you, they)

    Interrogative

    Did + Suj + vb + ___________?

    (I, He, She, It, we, you, they)

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I did not forget I didnt forgetYou did not forget You didnt forgetHe did not forget He didnt forgetShe did not forget She didnt forgetIt did not forget It didnt forget

    We did not forget We didnt forgetYou did not forget You didnt forgetThey did not forget They didnt forget

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Did I forget ___? Yes, I/you did No, I/you didntDid you forget ___? Yes, I did No, I didntDid he forget ___? Yes, he did No, he didntDid she forget ___? Yes, she did No, she didntDid it forget ___? Yes, it did No, it didnt

    Did we forget ___? Yes, we did No, we didntDid you forget ___? Yes, you did No, you didntDid they forget ___? Yes, they did No, they didnt

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    Past Continuous

    Usos: Para expresar lo que estaba ocurriendo en el pasado (accin en proceso)

    Affirmative

    Suj + to be affirm + vb-ing(I, he, she, it, we, you, they) (was, were)

    Negative

    Suj + to be negative + vb-ing(I, he, she, it, we, you, they) (wasnt, werent)

    AffirmativeI was eating

    You were eatingHe was eatingShe was eatingIt was eating

    We were eatingYou were eatingThey were eating

    NegativeForma larga Forma corta

    I was not eating I wasnt eating

    You were not eating You werent eatingHe was not eating He wasnt eatingShe was not eating She wasnt eatingIt was not eating It wasnt eating

    We were not eating We werent eatingYou were not eating You werent eatingThey were not eating They werent eating

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    Interrogative

    to be + Suj + vb-ing(was, were) (I, he, she, it, we, you, they)

    InterrogativeShort Answers

    Was I eating ___? Yes, I was/you were No, I wasnt/ you werentWere you eating ___? Yes, I was No, I wasntWas he eating ___? Yes, he was No, he wasntWas she eating ___? Yes, she was No, she wasntWas it eating ___? Yes, it is was No, it wasnt

    Were we eating ___? Yes, we were No, we werentWere you eating ___? Yes, you were No, you werent

    Were they eating ___? Yes, they were No, they werent