-ßsf ssIsh-Sn™ F¬Un-F^pw hnkerala.sucicommunist.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/... · tkmjy-enÃv...

of 16/16
tkmjy-enÃv bqWn‰n sk‚¿ Hm^v C¥y (I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv) kwÿm\ IΩn‰n apJ- ]{Xw am¿®v 2015 hmeyw 41 e°w 11 No^v FUn-‰¿ : kn. sI. eqt°mkv t]Pv 16 hne 5.00 cq] t{Zmln-°m≥ am{Xw `cn°p∂ bpUn-F^pw P\-ßsf ssIsh-Sn™ F¬Un-F^pw \Ωp-sS -kw-ÿm-\-Øns‚ cmjv{Sob A¥co£Øn¬ cq]-s∏-´n-´p≈ ap∂Wn ka-hmbw P\- ß-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn\p-ta¬ G¬∏n-°p∂ BLmXw Af-h-‰-Xm-Wv. A©p h¿jw IqSp-tºm-gp≈ Dugwh®p≈ `c-W-Øn-eqsS P\-ß-fpsS AkwXr-]vXnsb ssIImcyw sNbvXp-sIm≠v Xm¥m- ß-fpsS cmjv{Sob ku`m-Ky-߃ ]¶ph®v Ign-™p-IqSm-sa-∂-XmWv Cu ka-hm-b-Øns‚ {]Xy- £-^-ew. 4 h¿jw ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ t]mIp∂ bpUn-F^v `cWw P\-t{Zm-l-Ønepw Agn-a-Xn- bnepw ]nSn-∏p-tI-Snepw e°pw eKm-\p-an-√msX apt∂-dp-tºmgpw {]Xn-]£w \njv{In-b-ambncn-°p- ∂-Xns‚ ImcWw Cu \mWw-sI´ ka-hm-b-am-Wv. Hcp cmjv{Sob t]mcm-´-Øns‚ AP-≠tb kn]n-sF(-Fw) \bn-°p∂ CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wn-°n-√. ka-hm-b-Øn-eqsS Ic-K-X-am-Ip∂ ku`m-Ky-߃ ]¶n-Sp-∂-Xn-s\-s®m-√n-, Xcw-XmW {Kq∏v InS-a¬k-c-ß-fnepw hy‡n-Iƒ XΩn-ep≈ A¥-an-√mØ iWvT-I-fnepw A`n-c-an-°p-I-bm-Wv F√m ]m¿´n-I-fpw. Cu Ad-∏p-f-hm-°p∂ G¿∏m-Sn¬ kn]n- sF(-Fw), tIm¨{K- ns\ IS-Øn-sh-´p-∂-XmWv Ign™ \mfp-I-fn¬ \mw I≠-Xv. Hcp hiØv Pohn-X-t¢-i-ßfpw IS-s°-Wnbpw adp-h-iØv ip`-I-c-am-b-sXm∂pw {]Xo-£n-°m≥ \n¿∆m-l-an- √m-Ø-Xn-\m-ep≈ \n -lm-b-X-bpw P\-ßsf Hs´m-∂p-a√ he-bv°p-∂-Xv. P\-ß-fpsS XI¿∂- Sn™ Pohn-Xm-hÿ hyh-ÿm-]nX cmjv{Sob I£n-I-fnsem∂ns‚bpw ]cn-K-W-\m-hn-j-b-ta A- √m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. DΩ≥Nm≠n k¿°m¿ ka- kv X- cw- KØpw Bhn - jv I- cn°p∂Xv ISpØ P\-t{Zm-l-\-b-߃ P\- ß- fn¬ krjvSn- °p∂ {]Xn- tj- [- sØbpw Akw- Xr- ]v Xn - sbbpw ab- s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p≈ Hcp \S-]-Sn- sb∂ \ne- bn - emWv P\- k- º¿°w t]m-ep-≈ KnΩn-°p-Iƒ \m´p-Im- cs‚ sNe-hn¬ ho≠pw kwL-Sn- ∏n°m≥ ]≤-Xn-bn-Sp-∂Xv. Ah- sbm∂pw Xcnºpw P\-ß-fn¬ Gim- Ø- hn- [- amWv P\- hn- cp≤\S- ]- Sn- I- fpsS BLm- Xw. Uok-ens‚ hne Ipd-™-Xn- t\-Øp-S¿∂v cmPysØ \nc-h[n kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ _kv Nm¿÷v Ipd-®-t∏mƒ G‰hpw Db¿∂ Nm¿÷v \ne\n¬°p∂ tIc-f- Øn¬ Nm¿÷v Ipdbv °m≥ DΩ≥ Nm≠n k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-bn-√. C‘-\hn-esb am{Xw ASn-ÿm- \-s∏-Sp-Øn-b√ tIc-f-Øn¬ Nm¿÷v \n¿Æ-bn-°p-∂-sX∂pw _n.-sP.]n k¿°m-cns‚ `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ Hm¿Un-\≥kv [\n-I¿°v aWn-am-fn-I-Iƒ Xo¿°m\pw e£-°-W-°n-\p-km[m-cW P\-ßsf \miØns‚ ]Sp-Ip-gnbnte°v X≈n-hnSm\pap≈ cq]-tcJ \tc{µ tamZn- t\Xr-Xzw-sIm- Sp-°p∂ tI{µ- _n.-sP.]n k¿°m¿ hnI- k- \- Øns‚ t]cn¬ `qan Gs‰-Sp-°m\p≈ Hm¿Un- \≥kv ]m¿e-sa‚ns\ adn-I-S-∂p- sIm≠v {ZpXth-K-X-bn¬ ]pd-s∏- Sp- hn- ®n- cn- °p- I- bm- Wv. P\m- [n- ]- Xy- Øns‚ {iotIm- hn- te°v Hcp `‡- s\-t∏mse Imse-Sp-Øp-h® tamZnbpsS Cu \S-]Sn Atß- b‰w P\m- [n- ]- Xy- ]- cw- X- s∂! P\m- [n-]-Xy-]-c-ambn sXc-s™-Sp-°- s∏´ Cu k¿°m¿ Atß-b‰w P\m-[n-]-Xy-hn-cp-≤-amb Hm¿Un- \≥kns‚ am¿§w kzoI- cn - °p - ∂Xv tI{µ _P‰v apX- em- fn - Øm- \p- Iq- ehpw P\- hn - cp- ≤hpw hne- °- b- ‰w, sXmgn- en- √mbva, Zmcn- {Zyw, Agn- a- Xn, ]´n- WnacWw F∂n-h-sbm-s°-s°m≠v P\-Po-hnXw AXo-h-Zp- -l-am-bn-cn-°p- tºmƒ hio- I- c- W- X- - ßfpw hmN- I- °- k¿Øp - ambn _nsP- ]n - bpsS [\-Im-cy-a{¥n Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂ tI{µ-_-P‰v ]Xn-hn≥]-Sn- bp≈ s]m≈- bmb hmKvZm- \- ßfpw {]Jym- ]- \- ßfpw Zcn- {Z¿°p- th- ≠n-bp≈ apX-e-°-Æo-scm-gp-°epw \nd-™-Xm-sW∂pw CXv kºq¿Æ- ambpw IpØ- I- Iƒ°pw- tIm¿∏- td- ‰p- Iƒ°pw th≠n - bp- - Xm- sW∂pw Fkv bp- kn - sF(- I- Ωyq - Wn - Ãv ) P\- d¬ sk{I- ´dn kJmhv s{]mhm- jvtLmjv {]kvXm- hn- ®n- cn- °p- ∂p. ]ptcm- K- a- \- Øns‚ Ip∏m- b-a-Wn-™p-sIm≠v kzImcy aqe-[-\-Øn\v ]c-am-h[n t\´-ap-≠m- °m≥ AXoh hy{K-X-bmWv a{¥n ImWn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. kzIm-cy aqe- [- \- \n- t£]w, ASn- ÿm- \- L- S- \m- hn- Imkw, hyh- km- bw, Hml- cn - °- tºmfw F∂n - hbv °pw s]≥j≥, C≥jp - d≥kv t]mep≈ kmaq - ly-kp-c£m kwhn-[m-\-߃°pw Du∂¬ \¬Ip∂p F∂-h-Im- i-s∏-Sp-tºmgpw Cu cwK-ß-fn-sems° t\cn-´p≈ hntZi \nt£- ]- Øns‚ IpsØm- gp - °mWv D≠m- Ip - - Xv . \nIpXn Cf- hp - Iƒ, Xocph FSp-Øp-I-f-b¬, hmbv] Fgp-Xn-Ø-≈¬ XpS-ßnbhbn-eq-sSbpw apX-em-fn-am¿°v ]c-am-h[n t\´w Dd-∏m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. sXmgn-e-h- k-c-߃ krjvSn-°m-s\∂ t]cn¬ kzIm-cy-ta-J-ebv°v [mcmfw kuI-cy߃ sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xv ap≥h¿j-ß-fn-se-t∏m-se- Xs∂ XpS- cp- ∂p. hy‡n- I- fpsS BZmb \nIpXn]cn[n am‰- an- √msX XpS-cp-tºmƒXs∂ tIm¿∏-td‰v \nIpXn Hcp-fp-∏p-an-√msX 30˛¬ \n∂v 25 iX-am-\-ambn sh´n-®p-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kzØp-\n-IpXn FSp-Øp-I-f-™p. t\cn´v D]-t`m-‡m-°-fpsS Xe-bn¬ ]-Xn-°p∂ tkh\ \nIpXn 12.36 iX-am-\-Øn¬ \n∂v 14 iX-am-\-ambn Db¿Øn. \njv{]tbm- P- \- Icamb {]Xn- tcm[ _P‰v 2,46,727 tImSn- bmbn IpØs\ Db¿Øn. I≈-∏Ww I≠p-sI-´p-sa∂v hoºn-f- °nb [\- Im- cy- a{¥n I≈- - W- °m- scbpw \nIp- Xn- sh- ´n- ∏p- Im- scbpw i‡-ambn t\cn-Sp-sa-s∂mcp {]Jym-]\w am{Xw \SØn P\-ßsf I_-fn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. h≥Ip-Ø-I-Ifpw tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Ifpw a\xkm£n- °p- Øn- √mØ cmjv{So- b- °mcpw Agn- a- Xn- °m- cmb DtZym- Kÿ{]am-Wn-am-cp-sam-s°-bmWv h≥tXm-Xn¬ I≈-∏Ww ssIImcyw sNøp-∂Xv F∂-Xp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ch-cp-sS-sbms° HØm- i- tbmsS A[n- Im- c- Øn¬h- cp∂ apX- em- fnØ k¿°m¿ I≈- ∏WØns\- Xnsc \S- Øp∂ t]m¿hnfn ImgvN- °msc Xr]vXn- s∏- Sp- Øm≥ am{X- ap- ≈- Xm- sW∂v Gh¿°p- adn- bmw. hnX- c- W- kw- hn- [m- \- Ønse ]mI-∏n-g-Ifpw a‰pw aqew k_vknUn t\cn´v \¬Ip∂ ]≤-Xnbpw ^e-Øn¬ as‰mcp {]l-k-\-am-Wv. [\-Im-cy-a-{¥n-bpsS ]©m-c-hm-°p-IƒtI´v P\-߃ sX‰n-≤- cn-°-cp-Xv. _P-‰n¬ ]Xn-bn-cn-°p∂ h©-\bpw s]m≈-Ø-c-ßfpw Xncn-®-dn-™v, kº-∂¿°p-th≠n Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂ Cu _P- ‰n-s\-Xnsc {]Xn-tj-[-ap-b¿Øm≥ P\-߃ apt∂m-´p-h-c-Ww. CXm-Zy-am-b-√. tIhew 250 Znh- ksØ `c- W- Im- e- b- f- hn- \p- ≈nse 11-˛masØ Hm¿Un-\≥km-Wn-Xv. hyh- km- b- Øn- s\∂ t]cn¬ ]mh- s∏- ´- h- cp- sSbpw Irjn- °m- cp- sSbpw `qan Gs‰-SpØv ]W-ap-≈-h¿°v Zm\w sNøp∂ tI{µ-˛-kw-ÿm\ k¿°m- cp- I- fpsS \S- ]- Sn- - Xnsc IpSn - sbm- gn - ∏n - °- s∏- Sp- - h- cp- sSbpw Irjn-°m-cp-sSbpw i‡-amb sNdp-Øp-\n¬∏v cmPy-Øns‚ hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ Db¿∂p-hcn- I-bp-≠m-bn. CtX-Xp-S¿∂mWv Ign™ bp.-]n.F k¿°m¿ `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬˛-]p-\-c-[n-hmk \nbaw 2013-˛¬ \S-∏n¬ hcp-Øp- ∂-Xv. ]pXnb Hm¿Un-\≥knse t`Z-KXn Xmsg-∏-d-bp-∂-h-bm-Wv. `qan Gs‰- Sp- °¬ \S- ]- Sn- {I- a- ߃ kpK-a-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n Nne khn-tij Bh-iy-߃°mbn `qan Gs‰-Sp-t°≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ `qan- tb- s‰- Sp- °¬ Hm¿Un- \≥kn- s\- Xnsc lcn- bm- \- bn¬ Fkvbp- kn- sF(- kn) kwL- Sn- ∏n® {]Xn- tj[ dmen Dƒt∏-Pp-I-fn¬ t]Pv 3 ssk≤m - ¥nI ]mT - ߃ tI{µ- _- P- ‰p - Iƒs°- Xnsc t]Pv 4 sFF≥]nF cmPv ` - h≥am¿®v t]Pv 5 \thm - ∞m - \- i‡n {]Z¿i- \- ߃ t]Pv 7 _wKmƒ {]t£m`w a’y - _- ‘\ sØmgn - emfn Ah- Im - i- {]- Jym - ]\ ktΩ- f\w t]Pv 8 tamZn bpsS hn\m- i- I- c- amb kmº- Øn - I- ˛- sXm - gn¬ ]cn - jv °- cW \S- ]- Sn - t]Pv 9 s^{_p - hcn 26 AJn - te¥ym sXmgn - emfn {]t£m - `w t]Pv 12 `c- W- L- S\: atX- X- c- Xzw- ˛ - tkm- jy - enkw hnhmZw ? t]Pv 13 tkhv FPyq - - j≥ I¨h≥j≥ _mw•q - cn¬ t]Pv 15 \n mw- ˛{In - an - \¬ aqe- [- \- Øns‚ lpw¶pw Hmim - \- ]m - Sp∂ `c- W- Iq- Shpw Fw.- ‰n.- ]n. \nb- a- t`- Z- K- Xn - ˛- sk- an - \m¿ (tijw t]Pv 2˛¬) (tijw 6˛t]- Pn¬)
  • date post

    08-May-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    0
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of -ßsf ssIsh-Sn™ F¬Un-F^pw hnkerala.sucicommunist.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/... · tkmjy-enÃv...

  • tkmjy-enÃv bqWn‰n sk‚¿ Hm^v C¥y (I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv) kwÿm\ IΩn‰n apJ-]{Xwam¿®v 2015 hmeyw 41 e°w 11 No^v FUn-‰¿ : kn. sI. eqt°mkv t]Pv 16 hne 5.00 cq]

    t{Zmln-°m≥ am{Xw `cn°p∂ bpUn-F^pwP\-ßsf ssIsh-Sn™ F¬Un-F^pw\Ωp-sS -kw-ÿm-\-Øns‚ cmjv{Sob A¥co£Øn¬ cq]-s∏-´n-´p≈ ap∂Wn ka-hmbw P\-

    ß-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn\p-ta¬ G¬∏n-°p∂ BLmXw Af-h-‰-Xm-Wv. A©p h¿jw IqSp-tºm-gp≈

    Dugwh®p≈ `c-W-Øn-eqsS P\-ß-fpsS AkwXr-]vXnsb ssIImcyw sNbvXp-sIm≠v Xm¥m-

    ß-fpsS cmjv{Sob ku`m-Ky-߃ ]¶ph®v Ign-™p-IqSm-sa-∂-XmWv Cu ka-hm-b-Øns‚ {]Xy-

    £-^-ew. 4 h¿jw ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ t]mIp∂ bpUn-F^v `cWw P\-t{Zm-l-Ønepw Agn-a-Xn-

    bnepw ]nSn-∏p-tI-Snepw e°pw eKm-\p-an-√msX apt∂-dp-tºmgpw {]Xn-]£w \njv{In-b-ambncn-°p-

    ∂-Xns‚ ImcWw Cu \mWw-sI´ ka-hm-b-am-Wv. Hcp cmjv{Sob t]mcm-´-Øns‚ AP-≠tb

    kn]n-sF(-Fw) \bn-°p∂ CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wn-°n-√. ka-hm-b-Øn-eqsS Ic-K-X-am-Ip∂ ku`m-Ky-߃

    ]¶n-Sp-∂-Xn-s\-s®m-√n-, Xcw-XmW {Kq∏v InS-a¬k-c-ß-fnepw hy‡n-Iƒ XΩn-ep≈ A¥-an-√mØ

    iWvT-I-fnepw A`n-c-an-°p-I-bm-Wv F√m ]m¿´n-I-fpw. Cu Ad-∏p-f-hm-°p∂ G¿∏m-Sn¬ kn]n-

    sF(-Fw), tIm¨{K- ns\ IS-Øn-sh-´p-∂-XmWv Ign™ \mfp-I-fn¬ \mw I≠-Xv. Hcp hiØv

    Pohn-X-t¢-i-ßfpw IS-s°-Wnbpw adp-h-iØv ip`-I-c-am-b-sXm∂pw {]Xo-£n-°m≥ \n¿∆m-l-an-

    √m-Ø-Xn-\m-ep≈ \n -lm-b-X-bpw P\-ßsf Hs´m-∂p-a√ he-bv°p-∂-Xv. P\-ß-fpsS XI¿∂-

    Sn™ Pohn-Xm-hÿ hyh-ÿm-]nX cmjv{Sob I£n-I-fnsem∂ns‚bpw ]cn-K-W-\m-hn-j-b-ta A-

    √m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

    DΩ≥Nm≠n k¿°m¿ ka-kvX-cw-KØpw Bhn-jvI-cn°p∂Xv

    ISpØ P\-t{Zm-l-\-b-߃ P\-

    ß-fn¬ krjvSn-°p∂ {]Xn-tj-[-

    sØbpw Akw-Xr-]vXn-sbbpw ab-

    s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p≈ Hcp \S-]-Sn-

    sb∂ \ne-bn-emWv P\-k-º¿°w

    t]m-ep-≈ KnΩn-°p-Iƒ \m´p-Im-

    cs‚ sNe-hn¬ ho≠pw kwL-Sn-

    ∏n°m≥ ]≤-Xn-bn-Sp-∂Xv. Ah-

    sbm∂pw Xcnºpw P\-ß-fn¬

    Gim-Ø-hn-[-amWv P\-hn-cp≤\S-

    ]-Sn-I-fpsS BLm-Xw.

    Uok-ens‚ hne Ipd-™-Xn-

    t\-Øp-S¿∂v cmPysØ \nc-h[n

    kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ _kv Nm¿÷v

    Ipd-®-t∏mƒ G‰hpw Db¿∂

    Nm¿÷v \ne\n¬°p∂ tIc-f-

    Øn¬ Nm¿÷v Ipdbv°m≥ DΩ≥

    Nm≠n k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-bn-√.

    C‘-\hn-esb am{Xw ASn-ÿm-

    \-s∏-Sp -Øn-b√ tIc-f -Øn¬

    Nm¿÷v \n¿Æ-bn-°p-∂-sX∂pw

    _n.-sP.]n k¿°m-cns‚`qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ Hm¿Un-\≥kv

    [\n-I¿°v aWn-am-fn-I-Iƒ Xo¿°m\pw e£-°-W-°n-\p-km[m-cWP\-ßsf \miØns‚ ]Sp-Ip-gnbnte°v X≈n-hnSm\pap≈ cq]-tcJ\tc{µ tamZn- t\Xr-Xzw-sIm-

    Sp -°p∂ tI{µ- _n. -sP.]n

    k¿°m¿ hnI-k-\-Øns‚ t]cn¬

    `qan Gs‰-Sp-°m\p≈ Hm¿Un-

    \≥kv ]m¿e-sa‚ns\ adn-I-S-∂p-

    sIm≠v {ZpXth-K-X-bn¬ ]pd-s∏-

    Sp-hn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. P\m-[n-]-Xy-

    Øns‚ {iotIm-hn-te°v Hcp ̀ ‡-

    s\-t∏mse Imse-Sp -Øp-h®

    tamZnbpsS Cu \S-]Sn Atß-

    b‰w P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-cw-X-s∂! P\m-

    [n-]-Xy-]-c-ambn sXc-s™-Sp-°-

    s∏´ Cu k¿°m¿ Atß-b‰w

    P\m-[n-]-Xy-hn-cp-≤-amb Hm¿Un-

    \≥kns‚ am¿§w kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv

    tI{µ _P‰v

    apX-em-fn-Øm-\p-Iq-ehpw P\-hn-cp-≤hpwhne-°-b-‰w, sXmgn-en-√mbva, Zmcn-{Zyw, Agn-a-Xn, ]´n-WnacWw

    F∂n-h-sbm-s°-s°m≠v P\-Po-hnXw AXo-h-Zp- -l-am-bn-cn-°p-

    tºmƒ hio-I-c-W-X-{¥-ßfpw hmN-I-°-k¿Øp-ambn _nsP-]n-bpsS

    [\-Im-cy-a{¥n Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂ tI{µ-_-P‰v ]Xn-hn≥]-Sn-

    bp≈ s]m≈-bmb hmKvZm-\-ßfpw {]Jym-]-\-ßfpw Zcn-{Z¿°p-th-

    ≠n-bp≈ apX-e-°-Æo-scm-gp-°epw \nd-™-Xm-sW∂pw CXv

    kºq¿Æ-ambpw IpØ-I-Iƒ°pw-tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Iƒ°pw th≠n-bp-≈-

    Xm-sW∂pw Fkvbp-kn-sF(-I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv) P\-d¬ sk{I-́ dn kJmhv

    s{]mhm-jvtLmjv {]kvXm-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. ]ptcm-K-a-\-Øns‚ Ip∏m-

    b-a-Wn-™p-sIm≠v kzImcy aqe-[-\-Øn\v ]c-am-h[n t\ -́ap-≠m-

    °m≥ AXoh hy{K-X-bmWv a{¥n ImWn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. kzIm-cy

    aqe-[-\-\n-t£]w, ASn-ÿm-\-L-S-\m-hn-Imkw, hyh-km-bw, Hml-

    cn-°-tºmfw F∂n-hbv°pw s]≥j≥, C≥jp-d≥kv t]mep≈ kmaq-

    ly-kp-c£m kwhn-[m-\-߃°pw Du∂¬ \¬Ip∂p F∂-h-Im-

    i-s∏-Sp-tºmgpw Cu cwK-ß-fn-sems° t\cn-´p≈ hntZi \nt£-

    ]-Øns‚ IpsØm-gp-°mWv D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. \nIpXn Cf-hp-Iƒ, Xocph

    FSp-Øp-I-f-b¬, hmbv] Fgp-Xn-Ø-≈¬ XpS-ßnbhbn-eq-sSbpw

    apX-em-fn-am¿°v ]c-am-h[n t\´w Dd-∏m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. sXmgn-e-h-

    k-c-߃ krjvSn-°m-s\∂ t]cn¬ kzIm-cy-ta-J-ebv°v [mcmfw

    kuI-cy߃ sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xv ap≥h¿j-ß-fn-se-t∏m-se-

    Xs∂ XpS-cp-∂p. hy‡n-I-fpsS BZmb \nIpXn]cn[n am‰-an-√msX

    XpS-cp-tºmƒXs∂ tIm¿∏-td‰v \nIpXn Hcp-fp-∏p-an-√msX 30˛¬

    \n∂v 25 iX-am-\-ambn sh´n-®p-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kzØp-\n-IpXn

    FSp-Øp-I-f-™p. t\cn v́ D]-t`m-‡m-°-fpsS Xe-bn¬ ]-Xn-°p∂

    tkh\ \nIpXn 12.36 iX-am-\-Øn¬ \n∂v 14 iX-am-\-ambn

    Db¿Øn. \njv{]tbm-P-\-Icamb {]Xn-tcm[ _P‰v 2,46,727 tImSn-

    bmbn IpØs\ Db¿Øn. I≈-∏Ww I≠p-sI-´p-sa∂v hoºn-f-

    °nb [\-Im-cy-a{¥n I≈-∏-W-°m-scbpw \nIp-Xn-sh-́ n-∏p-Im-scbpw

    i‡-ambn t\cn-Sp-sa-s∂mcp {]Jym-]\w am{Xw \SØn P\-ßsf

    I_-fn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. h≥Ip-Ø-I-Ifpw tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Ifpw

    a\xkm£n-°p-Øn-√mØ cmjv{So-b-°mcpw Agn-a-Xn-°m-cmb DtZym-

    Kÿ{]am-Wn-am-cp-sam-s°-bmWv h≥tXm-Xn¬ I≈-∏Ww

    ssIImcyw sNøp-∂Xv F∂-Xp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ch-cp-sS-sbms°

    HØm-i-tbmsS A[n-Im-c-Øn¬h-cp∂ apX-em-fnØ k¿°m¿ I≈-

    ∏WØns\-Xnsc \S-Øp∂ t]m¿hnfn ImgvN-°msc Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-

    Øm≥ am{X-ap-≈-Xm-sW∂v Gh¿°p-adn-bmw. hnX-c-W-kw-hn-[m-\-

    Ønse ]mI-∏n-g-Ifpw a‰pw aqew k_vknUn t\cn´v \¬Ip∂

    ]≤-Xnbpw ̂ e-Øn¬ as‰mcp {]l-k-\-am-Wv.

    [\-Im-cy-a-{¥n-bpsS ]©m-c-hm-°p-IƒtI´v P\-߃ sX‰n-≤-

    cn-°-cp-Xv. _P-‰n¬ ]Xn-bn-cn-°p∂ h©-\bpw s]m≈-Ø-c-ßfpw

    Xncn-®-dn-™v, kº-∂¿°p-th≠n Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂ Cu _P-

    ‰n-s\-Xnsc {]Xn-tj-[-ap-b¿Øm≥ P\-߃ apt∂m-́ p-h-c-Ww.

    CXm-Zy-am-b-√. tIhew 250 Znh-

    ksØ ̀ c-W-Im-e-b-f-hn-\p-≈nse

    11-˛masØ Hm¿Un-\≥km-Wn-Xv.

    hyh-km-b-Øn-s\∂ t]cn¬ ]mh-

    s∏-́ -h-cp-sSbpw Irjn-°m-cp-sSbpw

    `qan Gs‰-SpØv ]W-ap-≈-h¿°v

    Zm\w sNøp∂ tI{µ-̨ -kw-ÿm\

    k¿°m-cp-I-fpsS \S-]-Sn-s°-Xnsc

    IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cp-sSbpw

    Irjn-°m-cp -sSbpw i‡-amb

    sNdp-Øp-\n¬∏v cmPy-Øns‚

    hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ Db¿∂p-hcn-

    I-bp-≠m-bn. CtX-Xp-S¿∂mWv

    Ign™ bp.-]n.F k¿°m¿ `qan

    Gs‰ -Sp -°¬˛ -]p -\ -c -[n -hmk

    \nbaw 2013-˛¬ \S-∏n¬ hcp-Øp-

    ∂-Xv. ]pXnb Hm¿Un-\≥knse

    t`Z-KXn Xmsg-∏-d-bp-∂-h-bm-Wv.

    `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ \S-]-Sn-{I-a-߃

    kpK-a-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n Nne

    khn-tij Bh-iy-߃°mbn

    `qan Gs‰-Sp-t°≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ

    `qan-tb-s‰-Sp-°¬ Hm¿Un-\≥kn-s\-Xnsc lcn-bm-\-bn¬ Fkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) kwL-Sn-∏n® {]Xn-tj[ dmen

    Dƒt∏-Pp-I-fn¬

    t]Pv 3 ssk≤m-¥nI ]mT-߃

    tI{µ-_-P-‰p-Iƒs°-Xnsc

    t]Pv 4 sFF≥]nF cmPv̀ -h≥am¿®v

    t]Pv 5 \thm-∞m-\-i‡n {]Z¿i-\-߃

    t]Pv 7 _wKmƒ {]t£m̀ w

    a’y-_-‘\ sØmgn-emfn

    Ah-Im-i-{]-Jym-]\ ktΩ-f\w

    t]Pv 8 tamZn bpsS hn\m-i-I-c-amb

    kmº-Øn-I-̨ -sXm-gn¬

    ]cn-jv°-cW \S-]-Sn-Iƒ

    t]Pv 9 s {̂_p-hcn 26 AJn-te¥ym

    sXmgn-emfn {]t£m-̀ w

    t]Pv 12 `c-W-L-S\: atX-X-c-Xzw-̨

    -tkm-jy-enkw hnhmZw ?

    t]Pv 13 tkhv FPyq-t°-j≥

    I¨h≥j≥ _mw•q-cn¬

    t]Pv 15 \n mw-̨ {In-an-\¬ aqe-[-\-

    Øns‚ lpw¶pw Hmim-\-]m-Sp∂

    ̀ c-W-Iq-Shpw

    Fw.-‰n.-]n. \nb-a-t -̀Z-K-Xn-

    -̨sk-an-\m¿

    (tijw t]Pv 2˛¬)

    (tijw 6˛t]-Pn¬)

  • 2 bqWn‰n am¿®v 2015

    AXn-\m¬ Nm¿÷v Ipd-bv°m-\m-hn√

    F∂pw _kv apX-em-fn-am-cpsS `mj-bn¬

    [n°m-c -]q¿∆w kwkm-cn -°p-I-bmWv

    k¿°m¿ sNbvX-Xv. Cu k¿°m¿ A[n-

    Im-c-Øn-te-dn-b-Xn-\p-tijw 2 XhW _kv

    Nm¿÷pw 3 XhW sshZypXn Nm¿÷pw

    h¿≤n-∏n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. k¿°m¿ tkh-\-

    ß-fp-sS Nm¿÷v, sshZyp-Xn Nm¿÷v, ho´p-

    I-cw, sh≈-°cw, F∂n-h-sb√mw AXn-̀ o-

    a-ambn Db¿Øn. am[y-a-߃ Dƒ∏sS i‡-

    ambn {]Xntj-[n-®n´pw h¿≤n-∏n® \nIpXn

    ˛ Nm¿÷p-Iƒ Hcp cq] t]mepw Ipd-bv°m-

    ≥ k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-bn-√. h¿≤-\-hn\p

    tij-ap≈ ho´p-I-c-Øn-s‚bpw sshZyp-Xn-

    bp-sSbpw _n√v I≠v P\-߃ CSn-sh-t´‰

    Ah-ÿ-bn-em-Wv. k¿∆-I-em-im-e-Iƒ

    tImgvkp-I-fpsS Syqj-≥ ̂ okpw ]co-£-I-

    fp-sSbpw tkh-\-ß-fp-sSbpw Nm¿÷pw hf-

    sc-b-[nIw Db¿Øn. kwÿm-\sØ k¿-

    °m-cm-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn¬ H∂n¬t∏mepw Bh-

    iy-am-bn-´p-≈-Xns‚ aq∂n-sem-∂p-t]mepw

    tUmIvS¿amtcm a‰p Ãmt^m C√. Cu

    Bip-]-{Xn-Isf icWw {]m]n-°p∂ ]Xn-

    \m-bn-c-°-W-°n\v ]mh-s∏-´-h¿ ]pe¿s®

    Bip-]-{Xn-sbØn Hcp Zn\w apgp-h≥ Iyq\n-

    ∂mte Fs¥-¶nepw NnIn¬k e`n°q

    F∂-Xm-W-h-ÿ. aXn-bmb FÆw A≤ym-

    ]I tUmIvS¿amcn-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ Ign™

    aq∂p-h¿j-Øn-\nSbn¬ tIc-f-Ønse saUn-

    °¬ tImgvkp-I-fpsS AwKo-Imcw d±m-Ip∂

    kml-Ncyw ]e XhW D≠m-bn. Aßn-

    s\ G¥nbpw hen™pw \nehn-ep≈

    saUn-°¬ tImtf-Pp-Iƒ {]h¿Øn-°p-tºm-

    gmWv, ]pXn-b-Xmbn Hcp tUmIvSsd t]m-

    epw \nb-an-°msX kwÿm-\Øv ]pXnb

    3 saUn-°¬ tImtf-Pp-Iƒ Xpd-∂-Xv. ̂ e-

    Øn¬ ]g-bhbpw ]pXn-bhbpw {]tbm-P-

    \-{]-Z-amb \ne-bn¬ {]h¿Øn-°mXm-bn.

    Cu ÿm]-\-ß-fnse tUmIvS¿am-cpƒ∏sS

    Poh-\-°mcpw hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw ka-c-hp-ambn

    sXcp-hn-en-d-ßn. CsXms° Ign-™n´v

    amkw 9 Bsb-¶nepw Cu \nanjw hscbpw

    Hcm-sf-t∏mepw ]pXn-b-Xmbn \nb-an-®n-́ n√!

    tIc-f-Øns‚ s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]-\-

    amb sI.-Fkv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn-bpsS Ahÿ

    H∂p am{Xw aXn bqUn-F^v ̀ c-W-Øns‚

    X\n-\ndw a\- n-em-°m≥. Cu ÿm]-\-

    Øn¬ ]Wn-sb-SpØv dn´-b¿ sNbvX B-

    bn-c-°-W-°n\v sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v `mKn-I-

    ambpw ]n∂oSv ]q¿Æ-ambpw s]≥j≥ apS-

    ßn-bn v́ GXm≠v 9 amk-tØm-f-am-bn. F{X

    \ncp-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Ø]-c-am-bmWv s]≥j≥Im-

    cmb sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS {]iv\w ssIImcyw

    sNøp-∂-sX∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ k¿°m¿

    Cu hnj-b-Øn¬ tImS-Xn-bn¬ kzoI-cn®

    \ne-]mSv am{Xw hne-bn-cp-Øn-bm¬ aXn.

    s]≥j≥ Ft∏mƒ \¬Ip-sa∂v ]d-bm≥

    t]mepw k¿°m¿ tImS-Xn-bn¬ Iq´m-°n-bn-

    √. AXn-\p-ti-j-amWv \ne-hn¬ tPmen-sN-

    øp-∂-h-cpsS iºfw apS-ßm≥ XpS-ßn-b-Xv.

    P\p-h-cn- am-k-Øn¬ kwÿm-\-sa-ºmSp-

    ap≈ apgp-h≥ sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.kn sXmgn-

    em-fn-I-fp-sSbpw iºfw 8 Znh-k-tØmfw apS-

    ßn. Ct∏mƒ am¿®v amk-Øn¬ 26 Unt∏mI-

    fnse sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS iºfw ho≠pw apS-

    ßn. Cu s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]\w Xs∂

    F∂-t∂-°p-ambn AS-®p-]q-´-s∏-Sp-sa∂

    \ne-bn¬ C{Xbpw Kpcp-X-c-amb Hcp ÿnXn-

    hn-tijw kwPm-X-am-bn´pw Ip‰-I-c-amb

    Aew-`m-h-amWv k¿°m¿ Im´p-∂-Xv. P\-

    ß-fpsSbpw sXmgn-em-fn-I-fp-sSbpw hnb¿-

    ∏n¬ \n∂v ]Sp-Øp-b-¿Ønb Cu ÿm]\w

    kzIm-cy-ap-X-em-fn-am¿°v ]Sn-]-Sn-bmbn Zm\w

    sNøm-\p≈ Bkq-{Xn-X-amb \njv{In-

    bXzamWv CsX∂v Icp-tX-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

    hnZym-`ymk ta-Je ASn-apSn IpØ-

    gn™n-cn-°p-∂p. ]W-Øns‚ Xq°-Øn¬

    hnZym-`ym-ksØ sh´n-ap-dn®v hn¬°p∂

    hnt{Zm-l-{]-h¿Øn Hcp hnLv\-hp-an-√msX

    apt∂-dp-I-bm-Wv. hnZym-`ym-k-I-®-h-S-°m¿

    \S-Øp-∂ F≥Pn-\o-b-dnwKv tImtf-Pp-I-fn¬

    h≥tXm-Xn¬ ko‰p-Iƒ F√m-h¿j-hpw Hgn-

    ™p-In-S-°p-∂p-sh∂ {]iv\w ]cn-l-cn-°m-

    ≥ F≥{S≥kv Fgp-Xp∂ apgp-h≥ Ip´n-Iƒ-

    °pw {]th-i-\-Øn\v A¿l-X-bp-s≠∂v

    BZyw Xocp-am\n®p. {]kvXpX Xocp-am\w

    i‡-amb FXn¿∏n-s\-Øp-S¿∂v sNdp-

    Xmbn ab-s∏-SpØn Ct∏mƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-

    cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. an\naw 10 am¿s°-¶nepw hm-

    ßn--bn-cn-°-W-sa∂-XmWv ]pXnb Xocp-am-\w.

    ssIhiw ]W-ap-s≠-¶n¬ Hcp tbmKy-X-

    bp-an-s√-¶nepw {]th-i\w t\Smw. \ΩpsS

    kwÿm-\-Øns‚ hnZym-̀ ymk taJe Fhn-

    tS-°mWv t]mIp-∂-Xv? hnZym-̀ ymk I®-h-S-

    Øn-s\-Xnsc s]mcp-Xn-sb∂v Ah-Im-i-s∏-

    Sp∂ FkvF-^vsF t]mep≈ F´p-Imen

    aΩq-™p-am¿s°m∂pw Ct∏mƒ an≠m-́ -an-

    √m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Cu k¿°m-¿ A[n-Im-

    c-Øn¬ h∂-Xn-\p-tijw hmgn® hn.-kn-am-

    cn¬ Hcmsf Ncn-{X-Øn-em-Zy-ambn Kh¿W¿

    ]pd-Øm-°n. _m°n GXm≠v F√m hn.-

    kn-amcpw aXn-bmb A°m-Z-anIv tbmKy-X-

    bn√ F∂ Kpcp-X-c-amb Btcm-]-WsØ

    t\cn-Sp-I-bm-Wv. tImgn-t°mSv k¿∆-I-em-im-

    e-bn¬ ̀ cWw Xs∂ \ne-®n v́ amk-ß-tfm-

    f-am-bn. C{Xbpw Kpcp-X-c-amb ÿnXn-hn-

    tijw hnZym-`ymkcwK-Øv D≠mbn´pw

    I√n\v Im‰p-]n-Sn-®-t]mse Ccn-°p-I-bmWv

    k¿°m¿. 2014se πkv Sp {]th-i\w ASn-

    apSnbp≈ Agn-a-Xn-bn¬ Ipg-™p-a-dn™p.

    HSp-hn¬ At\Iw hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ ]pd-Øp-

    \n¬°p-tºmƒ {]th-i\w Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-

    Ibpw sNbvXp. At∏mgpw \nc-h[n π v

    Sp ko‰p-Iƒ Hgn-™p-In-S-°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

    kvIqfp-I-fn¬, ̀ mjm-[ym-]-I¿ Imbn-I-]-cn-

    io-e\w \¬I-W-sa∂ Xp•°v Xocp-am\w

    krjvSn® Iq´-°p-g∏w HSp-hn¬ {InkvXp-

    a v ]co£ 9 Pn√-I-fn¬ am‰n-h-bvt°≠

    Ah-ÿ- D-≠m°n-b-t∏mgpw hnZym-`ym-k-

    a{¥n Hcp _^q¨ IWs° shfp-°s\

    Nncn®v H∂pw kw`-hn-®n-´n-√mØ a´n¬

    sX°v hS°v \S-∂p. Agn-a-Xn-tbm-sSm∏w

    ]nSn-∏p-tISpw hnh-c-an-√m-bvabpw IqSn BIp-

    tºmƒ aqcn-°p-́ ≥ Ib-dnb ]n™mWn-°S

    F∂ ]g-samgn kwÿm-\-Øns‚ hnZym-̀ ym-

    k-ta-J-ebv°v Xo¿Øpw tbmPn-°p∂ Ah-

    ÿ-bn-em-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

    kwÿm-\-Øns‚ G‰hpw lrZ-b-t -̀Z-

    I-amb Ahÿ \mw ImtW-≠n-h-∂n-cn-°p-

    ∂Xv kmwkvIm-cn-I-ta-J-e-bn-em-Wv. kv{Xo-

    Iƒ°pw Ip´n-Iƒ°pw t\sc-bp≈ AXn-

    {I-a-߃ \nan-jw-{]Xn s]cp-Ip-I-bm-Wv.

    kvIqƒ Ip´n-Iƒ hsc aZyØn\pw ab-°p-

    a-cp∂n\pw ASn-a-I-fm-Ip∂ thZ-\m-I-c-amb

    kml-Ncyw \mƒsN-√pw-tXmdpw i‡n-s∏-

    Sp-∂p. Izt´-j≥ kwLsØ D]tbmKn®v

    kl-]m-Tn-sb sIm∂ tIm´bw kw -̀hw Gh-

    cp-sSbpw IÆp-Xp-d-∏n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. ab-°p-

    a-cp∂v hn‰ hnZym¿∞nsb A≤ym-]-I\v

    Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®p-sh-∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬ kl-

    ]m-TnIsf X√n-®-Xbv°m≥ ab-°p-a-cp∂v

    am^n-bsb G¿s∏-Sp-ØnbXpw π v Sq

    hnZym¿∞n-I-fm-Wv. CsXm∂pw H‰-s∏´ kw-

    -̀h-ß-f-√. \ΩpsS \mSn-s‚ {]bmWw F{X-

    h-enb A‘-Im-c-Øn-te-°mWv F∂mWv

    Cu kw`-h-߃ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. C°m-

    cy--ß-fn¬ ̀ c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IfpsS Ip‰-I-c-amb

    au\Øn\p-]-cn, Ah-cpsS {]Xy£˛ ]tcm-

    £ ]n¥p-W-bmWv a\p-jy-kvt\-ln-Isf

    G-sd thZ-\n-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. aZyw Cu sIm®p-

    kw-ÿm-\-Øn-\p-ta¬ hcp-Øn-h-®n-´p≈

    hn\m-i-sa-s¥∂v F{Xtbm ]T-\-ß-fn-eq-sS,

    am[ya dnt∏m¿´nw-Kn-eqsS ]pd-Øp-h-∂n-

    ´p≈XmWv. 418 _mdp-Iƒ ]q´-s∏´t∏mƒ

    kw-ÿm\w H‰-s°-´mbn Ah Xpd-°-cp-

    sX∂v Bh-iy-s∏-Sm≥ CS-bm-°n-b-Xn\v

    ImcWw aZyw IpSpw-_-ßsf˛hnti-jn®pw

    kv{XoI-fpsS Pohn-XsØ˛F{X-tØmfw

    XI¿Øn´p-s≠∂ t_m≤yamWv. k¿°m-

    cn\v Ah-K-Wn-°m-\m-hmØ hn[-ap≈

    kwL-Sn-X-hn-Im-c-ambn AXv Db¿∂p-h-∂-

    Xp-sIm-≠mWv P\-ß-fpsS Zo¿L-Im-esØ

    Bh-iy-߃ IqSn Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v Hcp

    aZy-\bw {]Jym-]n-°m≥ k¿°m¿ \n¿∫-

    ‘n-X-am-b-Xv. F∂m¬ B {]Jym-]\w

    tImSn-I-fpsS Agn-aXn \S-Øm\pw P\-

    ßsf I_-fn-∏n-°m\pw tImS-Xn-bnse-Ø-

    s∏-Sp-∂-tXmsS s]mfn-bm\pw th≠n Xøm-

    dm-°-s∏´ Bkq-{XnX \mS-I-am-bn-cp-∂p-

    sh∂v ]n∂oSv sXfn-™p. kwÿm-\sØ

    P\-ß-fpsS IpSpw-_hpw Pohn-Xhpw

    sskzchpw XI¿Øv tImSn-I-fpsS em`w

    sImøp∂ aZy-ap-X-em-fn-am¿°v kwÿm-

    \sØ Xosd-gp-Xp∂ \S-]-Sn-bnem-Wv aZy-

    \-bsØ kw_-‘n® ]pIn-ep-I-sf√mw

    Ah-km-\n-®Xv F∂-Xn¬ \n∂pw F¥m-

    bn-cp∂p DΩ≥ Nm≠n k¿°m-cns‚ e£y-

    sa∂v hy‡-ambn°-gn-™p.

    cq£-amb hne-°-b‰w P\-ß-fpsS

    Pohn-XsØ XI¿°p-tºmƒ, ]cn-an-X-amb

    Bizmkw \¬In-bn-cp∂ \S-]-Sn-Iƒt]mepw

    kmº-Øn-I-{]-Xn-k-‘n-bpsS t]cn¬ ]n≥h-

    en-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. tdj≥I-S-I-fn-eqsS hnX-

    cWw sNbvXncp∂ Acn-bpsS Afhv ]Ip-

    Xnbm°n Ipd-®p-I-gn-™p. tKmXºv hnX-

    cWw ]q¿Æ-ambpw \ne® a´m-Wv. \ymb-

    hn-ebv°v \ntXym-]-tbmK km[-\-߃

    \¬In-bn-cp∂ k¿°m-cns‚ {InkvXp-a v

    ˛ _{IoZv N¥-Iƒ Ign™ 2 h¿j-ambn

    GXm≠v ]q¿Æ-ambn \ne® Ah-ÿ-bn-

    em-Wv. HmW-®-¥-Ifpw ]IpXn am{X-amWv

    {]h¿Øn-®-Xv. hfsc ]cnan-X-amb Bizm-

    k \S-]-Sn-Iƒ t]mepw ]n≥h-en-°-s∏-Sp∂

    kml-N-cy-Øn¬ hn]p-e-amb tÉv t{SUnw-

    Kv F∂ Bh-iy-tØm-Sp≈ k¿°m-cns‚

    kao-]-\-sa-s¥∂v Duln-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈q.

    D≠m-Ip∂ X¿°-ß-fmWv, hfsc Ipd-s®-

    ¶nepw, Nne-sX√mw ]pd-Øp-h-cm≥ CS-bm-

    °p-∂-Xv. apJy-]¶pw ]pdw-temIw Adn-bp-

    ∂n-√. AS-™p-In-S-°p∂ _mdp-Iƒ Xpd-

    ∏n-°m≥ ̀ c-W-Ønse D∂-X-∑m¿°v tImg

    \¬In F∂ aZy apX-em-fn-am-cpsS t\Xm-

    hn-s‚ ]c-ky-{]Jym-]\w, Agn-aXn Ah-

    km---\n-®p-Im-Wm≥ B{K-ln-°p∂ Hcp ]uc-

    s‚ shfn-s∏-Sp-Ø-ep-I-f-√. adn®v ho≠pw

    aZy-°-®-hSw \SØp∂-Xn-\mbn A\p-aXn

    t\Sn-sb-Sp-°m-\p≈ ªm°v sabn-enwKv am{X-

    amWv. CXns‚ ̂ eambn aZy-\bw apgp-h≥

    s]mfn-®-Sp-°p-∂Xpw \mw ]n∂oSv I≠p. ªm-

    °v sabn-enwKv \S-Øp∂ Hcp aZy-ap-X-em-

    fn-bpsS apºn¬ hn\o-X-hn-t[-b-ambn \n¬-

    °m≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-amIp-∂-Xv, k¿°m-cnse

    {]ap-J-cpsS Ic-߃ A-{X-ta¬ ]¶n-e-

    amsW-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. _m¿ tImg-bp-ambn

    _‘-s∏´v HSphn¬ h∂ hm¿-Ø-Iƒ

    hy‡--am-°p-∂Xv _mdp-Iƒ Xpd-°m-≥ am{X-

    a-√, AS-®p-]q-´-s∏-´h Hcn-°epw Xpd-°m-

    Xn-cn -°m≥ \ne-hn¬ {]h¿-Øn°p-∂

    _mdp-I-fpsS apX-em-fn-am-cpsS ]°¬

    \n∂pw ]Ww ]‰n-sb-∂m-Wv. Fs¥mcp

    {]mho-Wy-amWv Agn-a-Xn-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬

    C°q-´¿ Im´p∂-- Xv. tZio-b-sK-bnwkv \S-

    Øn∏nse ]mI-∏n-g-Iƒ ]nSn-∏p-tI-Sns‚

    am{Xw {]iv\-a-√, adn®v FXv G¿∏mSpw

    sh´p--ta\n kwL-Sn-∏n-°m-\p≈ hgn-bmbn

    ImWp-∂-Xns‚ hnjbw IqSn-bm-Wv. ̀ c-W-

    sa-∂Xv Ahn-lnX am¿§-ß-fn-eqsS ]Ww

    kºm-Zn-°m-\p≈ Hcp G¿∏m-Smbn am{Xw

    Im-Wp∂ Hcp kwLw Xosh-́ n-s°m-≈-°m-

    cpsS hmgvN-bmWv Ct∏mƒ tIc-f-Øn¬ \S-

    °p-∂-Xv.

    P\-hn-cp≤ `c-W-Øn\v t\XrXzw

    \¬Ip∂ bp.-Un.-F^v k¿°m-cn-s\-Xnsc

    Db-cp∂ {]Xntj-[-sØbpw Akw-Xr-]vXn-

    sbbpw thm v́ cmjv{So-b-Øn\mbn D]-tbm-

    K-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂ Htc-sbmcp AP≠ am-

    {X-ta kn]n-sF(-Fw) \bn-°p∂ CS-Xp-ap-

    ∂Wn°v D≈q F∂Xv ]I¬t]mse

    hy‡-am-Wv. bpUn-F-̂ ns‚ Cu ̀ c-W-Im-

    eØv am{X-a-√, CXn-\p-ap-ºp≈ tSap-I-

    fnepw CtX kao-]\w Xs∂-bmWv CS-Xp-

    ap-∂Wn kzoI-cn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. bp.-Un.-F^v

    k¿°m-cp-Iƒ Bhn-jvI-cn-®n-́ p-≈ cmjv{So-

    b˛ kmº-ØnI \b\S-]-Sn-I-fn¬ H∂p-

    t]mepw ]n≥h-en-∏n°m≥ CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wn°v

    Ign-™n√. Bflm¿∞-ambn Ah¿ {ian-

    ®n´pw AXn\v Ign-bmsX t]mb-X-√. Ah¿

    AXv Dt±-in-®n-́ n√ F∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. DZm-

    l-c-W-ambn tIc-f-Øns‚ hnZym-̀ ymk taJ-

    e-bpsS I®-h-S-h¬°-cWw F∂ hnjbw

    ]cn-K-Wn-°p-I. c≠v ]Xn-‰m-≠p-ap-ºp-≠m-

    bn-cp∂ s]mXphnZym-̀ ymk LS\ C∂v ]cn-

    h¿Ø-\-s∏ v́ ASn-apSn I®-h-S-Øn-t‚-Xmbn-

    °-gn-™p. Cu Ime-b-f-hn¬ c≠v ap∂-Wn-

    bpw Xpey-Imew tIcfw `cn-®n-´p-≠v. c≠v

    Iq -́cp-- sSbpw ̀ c-W-Im-eØv hnZym-̀ ym-k-ta-

    J-e-bpsS I®-h-S-h¬°-cWw A`w-Kpcw

    apt∂-dn. F∂m¬ Cu hnjbs-Ø-s®m√n

    kn-]n-sF(-Fw)Dw CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbpw a‰v

    CSXv kwL-S\-Ifpw D≠m-°n-bn-´p≈

    tImem-l-e-߃ Fs¥m-s°-bm-Wv. Ah¿

    tImem-l-e-߃ am{Xta Dt±-in-®ncp∂p≈q.

    hnZym-̀ ymk taJ-e-bpsS I®-h-S-h¬°-c-W-

    sa∂sa∂-Xn-\-∏pdw hnjbw thm´n-\p-

    th≠n Db¿ØpI F∂-X-√msX Cu \bw

    Ah-km-\n-∏n-°pI F∂ Hcp e£yw CS-

    Xp-ap-∂-Wn-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ImcWw AXv

    Ah-cpsS IqSn \b-amWv. CXmWv \ΩpsS

    kwÿm-\Øv \S-∏m-°-s∏-́ n-́ p≈ F√m \b-

    ß-fp-sSbpw Imcy-Øn¬ kw -̀hn-®n-́ p-≈-Xv.

    Ch¿ XΩn¬ cq]-s∏-´n-´p≈ ka-hm-b-

    Øns‚ ASn-ÿm\w Ccp-Iq-́ cpw ]n≥Xp-S-

    cp∂ kam\cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Sm-Wv. Hcp

    \bsØ ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ cmjv{Sob

    Imcy-tijn CS-Xp-{]-ÿm-\-߃°v \jvS-

    s∏-́ n-cn-°p∂p F∂-Xm-Wv as‰mcp ImcWw.

    DΩ≥Nm≠n k¿°m¿ A[n-Im-c-Øn¬

    P\-Po-hn-XsØ he-bv°p∂ ap∂Wn ka-hmbwbpUn-F v̂`cWw

    XnI™ Ah-k-c-hm-Zhpw

    CSp-ßnb sXc-s™-Sp∏v

    cmjv{So-b e£y-hpw am{Xw

    ]n¥p-S-cp∂ Hcp ap∂-Wnbv°v

    Fßn-s\-bmWv P\-ß-fpsS

    hnimeXm¬∏-cy-ß-sf ap≥-

    \n¿Øn P\-Io-b-{]-t£m-`-ß-ƒ

    kwL-Sn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bpI?

    I¿j-I-cpsS Pohn-X-Zp-cn-X-߃ h¿≤n-

    ∏n-°p∂ \b-ß-fmWv k¿°m¿ \S-∏m-°p-

    ∂-Xv. \ymb-hne \¬In s\√v kw`cn-°p-

    sa∂v {]Jym-]n-°p-∂-X-√msX ̂ e-{]-Z-amb

    Hcn-S-s]-Sepw k¿°m-cns‚ `mK-Øp-\n∂v

    D≠m-Ip-∂n-√. sImbvØv Ign™v \S-]-Sn-

    Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm°n k¿°m¿ s\√v kw`cn-

    °m-s\-Øp-tºmƒ h≥InS kzIm-cy-an-√p-

    Iƒ ]c-am-h[n hne XmgvØn s\√v kw`-

    cn®v Ign-™n-́ p-≠m-Ipw. I¿j-I-cn¬ \n∂v

    kw`-cn-°p∂ s\√ns‚ hne-bm-Is´ amk-

    ߃ Ign™mepw k¿°m¿ \¬Ip∂n√.

    F√m IjvS-∏m-Sp-Ifpw t\cn v́ Irjn sNbv-

    Xm¬ am{Xw t]mc, HSp-hn¬ s\√ns‚ hne

    e`n-°m≥ sXcp-hn-en-d-ßn ka-chpw \S-tØ-

    ≠p∂ ÿnXn-bmWv I¿j-I¿°p-≈-Xv.

    CXpw kzIm-cy-ap-X-em-fn-am¿°v s\√v

    hn¬°m-≥ I¿j-Isc t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂p. hne-

    bn-Snhv hgn \s´√v XI¿∂ d_¿ I¿j-I-

    cp-sS {]Xn-k‘n GXm≠v 8 Pn√-I-fnse

    hym-]mc˛ -hmWnPy taJ-e-Isf hsc Xf¿-

    Øn--°-gn-™p.

    `oa-amb IΩo-j≥ XpI-Iƒ ssI∏‰n-

    s°m≠v \nb-a-hn-cp≤- CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ°pw

    \nIp-Xn-sh-´n-∏p-Iƒ°pw klm-b-ßfpw

    HØm-i-Ifpw \¬Ip-∂-Xn-\mbn aZy apX-

    em-fn-am¿ apX¬ X´n∏v Iºn-\n-Iƒ, dnb¬

    FtÉv am^n-b-Iƒ, kz¿Æ-°SØp-Im¿

    XpSßn tImgn-°-®-h-S-°m¿ hsc D≈-h-cp-

    ambn D≠m-°n-bn-́ p≈ Hcp KqV-kw-L-ambn

    `cWw amdn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. tkmfm¿ Agn-

    aXn hy‡-am-°n-bXv AXns‚ a™p-ap\

    am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Cu X´n∏v CS-]m-Sp-Im-cpsS

    GP‚p-am¿ ̀ c-WØns‚ kncm-tI-{µ-ß-fn¬

    hsc sskzc-hn-lmcw \S-Øp-∂p. Agn-a-

    Xn-bp--sSbpw sIm≈-bp-sSbpw Cu Iq´p-I-®-

    h-S-Øn¬ sh´p-ta\n ]¶n-Sp-∂-Xn-s\-s®m√n

    (1˛mw t]Pn¬ \n∂v)

    (tijw t]Pv 4˛¬)

  • 3bqWn‰n am¿®v 2015

    ssk≤m-¥nI]mT-߃

    se\n-\n-k-Øns‚ASnÿm\w

    skz¿Zv temhv k¿h-I-em-im-e-bn¬ sh®v 1924 G{]n-en¬kJmhv sP.-hn.-Ãm-en≥ sNbvX {]kw-K-Øn¬\n∂v

    se\n-\n-k-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-sa-∂Xv _rl-Ømb Hcp hnj-

    b-am-Wv. AXv ]q¿Æ-ambpw {]Xn-

    ]m-Zn-°-W-sa-¶n¬ hen-sbmcp ]p-

    kvXIw Xs∂ th≠n-h-cpw. AXp-

    sIm≠v kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw Fs‚

    {]kw-K-߃ se\n-\n-ksØ ]q¿-

    Æ-ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂p-sh-∂-̀ n-

    am-\n-°m≥ \nhr-Øn-bn-√; se\n-

    \n-k-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øns‚

    Npcp°w am{X-amWv ]c-am-h[n

    AXn¬\n∂v In´p-I. F¶nepw

    se\n--\n-ksØ hnP-b-I-c-ambn

    ]Tn-t°-≠-Xn-\v A-Xym-h-iy-amb

    auenI kwK-Xn-Isf apºn¬sh-

    bvt°-≠-Xn\v CXv D]-tbm-K-{]-Z-

    am-hp-sa∂v Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂p.

    se\n-\n-k-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-

    \sØ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-I-sb-∂p-h-

    ®m¬ se\ns‚ temI-ho-£-W-

    Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\sØ {]Xn-]m-

    Zn-°pI F∂¿∞-an-√. se\ns‚

    temI-ho-£-W-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂Xpw

    se\n-\n-k-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-sa-

    ∂v ]dbp-∂Xpw c≠pw H∂-√.

    se\n-≥ Hcp am¿IvknÃv Bbn-cp-

    ∂p, am¿Ivkn-k-am-bn-cp∂p At±-

    l-Øns‚ ho£-W-Øns‚ ASn-

    ÿm-\-sa∂v ]d-tb-≠-Xn-√-t√m.

    ]s£, am¿Ivkn-k-Øns‚ ASn-

    ÿm-\sØ {]Xn-]m-Zn-®p-sIm-≠p-

    thWw se\n-\n-k-Øns‚ {]Xn-

    ]m-Z\w XpS-ßm≥ F∂v CXn¬-

    \n∂v hcp-∂n-√. se\n-\n-ksØ

    {]Xn--]m-Zn -°pI F∂p-h-®m¬

    am¿Ivkn-k-Øns‚ s]mXp-̀ -fim-

    c-Øn-te°v apX¬°q-´m-bn-´p -

    ≈Xpw se\ns‚ t]cp -ambn

    _‘--s∏-́ n-́ p-≈-Xp-amb se\ns‚

    {KŸ-ß-fnse ]pXp-Xm-bn-́ p-≈-Xn-

    s\-sb√mw {]Xn-]m-Zn-°pI F∂

    A¿∞-am-Wv. Cu A¿∞-Øn¬

    am{X-amWv Rm≥ Fs‚ {]kw-K-

    Øn¬ se\n-\n-k-sØ-∏‰n {]Xn-

    ]m-Zn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv.

    At∏mƒ se\n-\nkw F∂m-

    ¬ F¥mWv? Nne¿ ]d-bp-∂p,

    am¿Iv -kn -ksØ djy-bnse

    {]tXyI ÿnXn-I-fn¬ {]tbm-Kn-

    ®n-́ p-≈-XmWv se\n-\nkw F∂m-

    Wv. Cu \n¿∆-N-\-Øn¬ kXy-

    Øns‚ Hcwiw InS-∏p-≠v. ]s£,

    apgp-h≥ kXy-am-bn-√. se\n≥ hm-

    kvX-h-Øn¬ am¿Ivkn-ksØ

    djy≥ ÿnXn-I-fn-te°v {]tbm-

    Kn-®p. hfsc {]K-¤-amb coXn-bn-

    ¬-Ø-s∂. F∂m¬, am¿Ivkn-

    ksØ djy≥ ÿnXn-bn-te°v

    {]-tbm-Kn-°¬ am{X-amWv se\n-\n-

    k-sa-¶n¬ AsXmcp X\ntZio-b,

    Hcp shdpw X\n djy≥ Imcy-am-

    Imt\ Xc-ap-≈q. ]s£, se\n-

    \n--sa-∂Xv shdp-samcp djy≥

    Imcy-a-√. temI-Øns‚ apgp-h≥

    hf¿®-bnepw thcq-∂n-bn-́ p≈ Hcp

    km¿∆-tZ-iob {]Xn-`m-k-am-Wv

    AXv F∂v \ap-°-dn-bmw. AXp-

    sI-≠mWv Cu \n¿∆-N-\-Øn\v

    A]q¿Æ-X-bp-s≠∂v Rm≥ hnNm-

    cn-°p-∂-Xv.

    ]sØm-ºXmw \q‰m-≠nse

    \m¬∏-Xp-I-fnse am¿Ivkn-k-Øn-

    \p-≠m-bn-cp∂ hnπh kz`m-hsØ

    AXn-\p-ti-j-ap≈ Ime-ß-fn¬

    h∂ anX-hm-Z-Øn¬\n∂pw hnπh

    hntcm-[-Øn¬\n∂pw tamNn-∏n®v

    ]p\-cp-÷o-hn-∏n-®-XmWv se\n-\n-

    k-sa∂v Nne¿ ]d-bp-∂p. am¿Ivkv

    ]Tn-∏n® Imcy-ßsf sX‰mbpw D]-

    cn-π-h-ambpw hnπ-h-]cw, anX-hm-Z-

    ]cw F∂p-c-≠mbn Xncn-°p-∂-Xn-

    t\mSv hntbm-Pn-°p-tºmƒt∏mepw

    Cu A]-cym-]vXhpw AXr-]vXn-I-

    c-hp-amb \n¿∆-N-\-Øn¬-t∏mepw

    kXy-Øns‚ Hcw-i-ap-s≠∂v kΩ-

    Xn-°-Ww. c≠mw C‚¿\m-j-W-

    ense Ah-k-c-hm-Zn-Iƒ Ipgn-®p-

    aq-Sn-bn-´p-≠m-bn-cp∂ am¿Ivkn-k-

    Øns‚ hnπ-h-I-c-amb D≈-S-

    °sØ se\n≥ hmkvX-h-Øn¬

    hos≠-SpØp F∂-XmWv CXn-e-S-

    ßn-bn-́ p≈ ̀ mKnI kXyw. F∂m-

    ¬ se\n-\n-ksØ kw_-‘n-®n-

    S-tØm-f-ap≈ apgp-h-\mb kXyw

    CXmWv: se\n-\nkw am¿Ivkn-

    ksØ hos≠-Sp-°pI am{X-a√

    sNbvX-Xv, apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn-s‚bpw

    sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS h¿§-k-a-c-Øn-

    s‚bpw ]pXnb ]cn-X-ÿn-Xn-bn¬

    am¿Ivkn-ksØ hf¿Øn-s°m≠v

    Hcp-]Sn apt∂m-́ p-\o-°pI IqSn sN-

    bvXp.

    At∏mƒ F¥mWv icn°pw

    se\n-\nkw?

    se\n-\nkw km{am-Py-Xz-Øn-

    s‚bpw sXmgn-emfnh¿§ hnπ-h-

    Øn-s‚bpw Ime-L-́ -Ønse am¿-

    Ivkn-k-am-Wv. Iptd-°qSn hy‡-

    ambn ]d-bp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬, se\n-

    \n-k-sa-∂Xv sXmgn-em-fnh¿§-hn-π-

    h-Øn\v s]mXp-hmbpw sXmgn-emfn-

    h¿§ k¿∆m-[n-]-Xy-Øn\v {]tXy-

    I-am-bpap≈ XØzhpw X{¥-hp-am-

    Wv. am¿Ivkpw GwK¬kpw hnπh

    Ime-L-́ -Øn\v apºmWv Ah-cpsS

    {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv.

    sXmgn-em-fn -h¿§ hnπ-h-amWv

    ChnsS Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv. A∂v

    km{am-Py-Xz-Øn\v hf¿®sbØn-

    °-gn-™n-cp-∂n-√. sXmgn-em-fn-

    h¿§w Xß-fpsS hnπ-h-Øn-\p≈

    h´w Iq´p-∂-Xns‚ Ime-am-bn-cp∂p

    AXv; sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ hnπhw Hgn-

    ®p-Iq-Sm-\m-hmØ Hcp ASn-b-¥nc

    IS-a-bm-bn-Øo¿∂p-I-gn-™n-cp-∂n-

    √. F∂m¬, am¿Ivkn-s‚bpw GwK-

    ¬-kn-s‚bpw injy-\mb se\n-\m-

    I-s´, km{am-PyXzw hf¿®-sb-Øn-

    b Hcp Ime-L-́ -Øn-emWv, sXmgn-

    em-fn-h¿§ hnπ-h-߃ {]Xy-£-

    s∏-́ p-Xp-S-ßnb Hcp Ime-L-́ -Øn-

    emWv, sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ hnπhw

    Hcp cmPy-Øn¬ hnP-bn-°p-Ibpw

    _q¿jzm P\m-[n-]-XysØ XI¿-

    Øv sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ P\m-[n-]Xyw

    ˛̨ tkmhn-b-‰p-I-fpsS Ime-L´w ̨ ˛

    ÿm]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≈

    Hcp Ime-L-´-Øn-emWv, Xs‚

    {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \S-Øn-bXv.

    AXp-sIm-≠mWv se\n-\nkw

    am¿Ivkn-k-Øns‚ apt∂m´p≈

    hf¿®-bmsW∂v ]d-™-Xv.

    se\n-\n-k-Øns‚ khn-tij

    kz`m-h-ambn Nq≠n-°m-́ pI ]Xnhv

    AXns‚ ka-cm-fl-I-Xzhpw hnπ-

    hm-fl-I-Xz-hp-am-Wv. CXv hfsc

    icn-bm-Wv. F∂m¬, Cu kz`m-h-

    “D¬∏-∂-߃ hn‰-gn-°m-\mbn\nc-¥cw hnI-kn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-

    °p∂ Itºmfw F∂ Bh-iy-

    IX ̀ qap-J-sØ-hn-sSbpw apX-em-

    fn-h¿§sØ th -́bm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-

    °p-∂p... temI-I-tºm-f-Øns‚

    Nqj-W-Øn-eqsS apX-em-fn-h¿§w

    Hmtcm cmPy-sØbpw D¬∏m-Z-\-

    Øn\pw D]-t`m-K-Øn\pw Hcp

    km¿∆-eu-InI kz`mhw \¬In-

    bn-cn-°p-∂p... Imem-Im-e-ß-fn-ep-

    ≠m-Ip∂ hym]mc {]Xn-k‘n

    _q¿jzm kaq-l-Øns‚ \ne-

    \n¬∏n-s\-Øs∂ ]co-£n-°p∂

    Xc-Øn-em-hp-Ibpw Hmtcm Xh-

    “t\Xm-°ƒ kq{X-im-en-I-fmbnA[x--]-Xn-°p-tºmƒ, Ah-cpsS

    hm-°pw {]hr-Ønbpw XΩn¬

    s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sm-Xm-Ip-tºmƒ,

    sXmgn--em-fn-Iƒ°v Ah-cn-ep≈

    hnizmkw \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂p. F¥p-

    sIm-≠mWv kJmhv se\n-\n¬

    djy≥ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ \n o-a-

    amb hnizmk-a¿∏n-®Xv? At±-l-

    Øns‚ \b-߃ icn-bmbncp-

    ∂Xp-sIm-≠p-am-{X-amtWm? Xo¿®-

    bmbpw A√. se\ns‚ hm°pw

    {]hr-Ønbpw XΩn¬ Hcp sshcp-

    ≤y-hp-an√ F∂pw se\n≥ Hcn-

    °epw NXn-°n√ F∂pw Ah¿

    Wbpw AXv IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ ̀ oj-W-am-Ip-Ibpw sNøp-∂p... Fß-

    s\-bmWv apX-em-fn-h¿§w Cu {]Xn-k-‘n-Isf AXn-Po-hn-°p-∂Xv?

    Hcp hiØv D¬∏m-Z\ i‡n-I-fpsS \s√mcp ]¶ns\ _e-{]-tbm-

    K-Øn-eqsS \in-∏n-®n´v; adp-h-iØv ]pXnb Itºm-f-߃ sh´n-∏n-

    Sn®pw ]g-b-hsb h¿≤-am-\-amb Af-hn¬ NqjWw sNbvXpw”.

    Imƒ am¿Ivkv5 sabv 1818- ˛ 14 am¿®v 1883

    tPmk^v Ãm-en≥21 Unkw-: 1879 -˛ 5 am¿®v 1953

    BNm-cy-∑m¿°v {]Wm-a߃alm-∑m-cmb sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K

    a\- n-em-°n-b-Xp-sIm-≠p-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. a‰p Imcy-ß-tfm-sSm∏w C°m-

    cy-Ønepw se\ns‚ B[n-Im-cn-IX IpSn-sIm-≈p-∂p. Cß-s\-bmWv

    sXmgn-em-fn-Isf At±lw ]cn-io-en-∏n-®-Xv, Cß-s\-bmWv t\Xm-°-

    fn-ep≈ Ah-cpsS hnizmkw Poh-Ømbn \ne\n¿Øn-b-Xv”.

    Øn\v c≠v Imc-W-ß-fp-≠v: H∂m-

    a-Xmbn, sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ hnπ-h-

    Øn¬\n-∂mWv AXv apf-®p-s]m-

    ¥n-b-Xv. AXns‚ Nne Nn”-߃

    AXn-\m¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-

    °m≥ \nhr-Øn-bn-√. c≠m-a-Xm-bn,

    AXv hf-cp-Ibpw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Ibpw

    sNbvXXv c≠mw C‚¿\m-j-W-

    ens‚ Ah-k-c-hm-Z-tØmSv t]mcm-

    Sn-s°m-≠m-Wv. apX-em-fn-Ø-tØmSv

    hnP-b-I-c-ambn t]mcm-S-W-sa-¶n¬

    Cu kacw \S-Øp-∂Xv A∂pw

    C∂pw Hcp AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. Hcp

    Imcyw ad-°m≥ ]mSn-√. Hcp-h-i-

    Øv, am¿Ivkn\pw GwK¬kn\pw

    adp-h-iØv se\n\pw CS-bv°p≈

    Imew c≠mw C‚¿\m-j-W-ens‚

    Ah-k-c-hmZw sImSn-IpØn hmWn-

    cp∂ Ime-am-bn -cp -∂p. AXp-

    sIm≠v Cu Ah-k-c-hm-Z-tØm-

    Sp≈ hn´p-ho-gvN-bn-√mØ kacw

    se\n-\n-k-Øns‚ G‰hpw {][m-

    \-s∏´ IS-a-I-fn-sem-∂m-hm-Xn-cn-

    °m≥ \nhr-Øn-bn-√.

    sdbn¬th _P‰v kzIm-cy-h¬°-c-W-Øn\v B°w Iq´p∂pFkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) P\-d¬ sk{I-

    ´dn kJmhv s{]mhm-jvtLmjv ]pd-

    s∏-Sp-hn® {]kvXm-h\

    sshIn Hm´w, Po¿Æn® h-≠n--Iƒ, hrØn-lo-\-X, {Sm°v ]cn-

    N-c-W-Ønse A\m-ÿ,tamj-Ww,

    kv{XoIƒ°p-ta-ep≈ AXn-{I-aw,

    hym]-I-amb Agn-a-Xn, Ir{Xn-aw,

    sISp--Im-cy-ÿ-X, ]n≥hm-Xn-en-eq-

    sS IqSp-X¬ Nm¿÷v CuSm-°¬,

    XXvIm¬ Izm´ h¿≤-\, h¿≤n-®p-

    h-cp∂ A]-I-S-߃ XpS-ßn-b-h-

    sb√mw tN¿∂v s{Sbn≥bm{X

    sNe--th-dn-bXpw A]-I-S-I-c-hp-am-

    °n-Øo¿Øn-cn-°p-∂p. F∂m¬

    P\-ß-fpsS IøSn e£yw-sh®v

    s]m≈-bmb Ipsd {]Jym-]-\-

    ߃ \S -Øp -I -bmWv a{¥n

    sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. sF.Sn. kw_-

    ‘-amb Nne kuI-cy -߃

    G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v sdbn¬th-

    bn¬ B[p-\nI kmt¶-Xn-I-hnZy

    \S-∏m-°p-sa-∂mWv Hcp {]Jym-]-

    \w. F∂m¬ CXv kmt¶-XnI

    hnZy D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-

    bp∂ hfsc Ipd-®p-t]¿°p-am{Xw

    {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw _lp-̀ q-cn-

    ]£w km[m-c-W-°m¿°pw Hcp

    KpWhpw sNøm-Ø-Xp-am-Wv. P\-

    ß-sf I_-fn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v _P-

    ‰nse amc-I-amb \n¿t±-i-߃ ad-

    ®p--h-bv°p-I-bmWv a{¥n sNøp-∂-

    Xv.

    bm{X-°qen h¿≤n-∏n -®n√

    F∂-XmWv a{¥n-bpsS as‰mcp

    Ah-Im-i-hm-Zw. F∂m¬, ]m¿e-

    sa‚ns\ adn-I-S-∂p-sIm≠v ]e-

    t∏m-gmbn Nm¿÷v h¿≤n-∏n-°p∂p.

    _nsP]n k¿°m¿Xs∂ Ign™

    h¿jw bm{X-°qen 14.2 iX-am-

    \hpw Nc-°p-Iqen 6.5 iX-am-\hpw

    Iq´n. -am-{X-a√ tXm∂p-tºm-sg√mw

    Nm¿÷v h¿≤n-∏n-°m≥ ]m¿e-

    sa‚ ns\ adn -°-S -°p∂ Hcp

    sdbn¬sh Xmcn^v AtXm-dn´n

    \ne-hn -ep -≈-t∏mƒ _P-‰n -¬

    h¿≤\ hcp-tØ≠ Imcy-hp-an-√.

    F∂n´pw I¬°-cn, Ccp-º-bn-cv,

    Dcp°v F∂n-h-bp-sS-IS-Øp-Iqen

    G{]n¬ 1 apX¬ h¿≤n-∏n-®n-cn-°p-

    ∂p. CXv a‰v Bhiy km[-\-ß-

    fpsS hne-bnepw {]Xn-^-en-°pw.

    A©p-h¿jw-sIm≠v 8.5 e£w

    tImSncq]-bpsS \nt£]w \S-Øp-

    sa∂v _P‰v ]d-bp-∂p. CXv {][m-

    \-ambpw _m¶v hmbv], s]≥j≥-

    ^≠v F∂n-h-bn¬\n-t∂m, s]mXp-

    -̨kz-Im-cy-]-¶m-fn-Ø-Øn-eq-sStbm

    Bbn-cn-°p-sa∂pw hy‡-am-Wv.

    kzImcy \nt£-]-I¿ ]c-am-h[n

    em -̀Øn-\mbn h≥tXm-Xn¬ Nm¿-

    ÷p-h¿≤-\-hp-Iƒ ASn-t®¬∏n-

    °p-sa-∂p-d-∏m-Wv. tÃj-\p-Iƒ

    t\m°n \S -Øm-≥ kzImcy

    GP≥kn-Isf G¬∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv.

    πm‰vt^mw Sn°‰v Bh-iy-an-√m-Xn-

    cp∂ tÃj-\p-I-fn¬IqSn AXv

    G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw \ne-hn¬

    πm‰vt^mw Sn°‰v th≠ tÃj-\p-

    I-fn¬ AXns‚ Nm¿÷v h¿≤n-

    ∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw CXv CS-bm-°pw.

    Ign --™-h¿jw k¿°m¿ ]d-

    ™Xv C‘-\-hn-e-bp-ambn Nm¿-

    ÷ns\ _‘n-∏n-°p-sa-∂mWv.

    C‘-\-hn-e- Ip-d-™m¬ Nm¿÷v

    Ipd-bp-sa-∂¿∞w. F∂m¬ FÆ-

    hne hf-sc-°p-d-™n´pw Nm¿-÷v

    Ipd-®n-s√-∂p-am-{X-a√ C‘-\-hne

    sNdn-b-tXm-Xn¬ Db-cp-tºmƒ Nm¿-

    ÷v h¿≤n-∏n°p-sa∂pw Dd-∏m-Wv.

    _P‰v{]kw-K-Ønse a[p-c-

    amb hm°p-I-fn¬ aqSnh-®n--cn-°p∂

    h©\ Xncn-®-dn-bm\pw IpØ-Im-

    \p-Iq-e, tIm¿∏-td‰v A\p--Iq-e, P-

    \--hn-cp≤ sdbn¬th _-P--‰n-s\-Xn-

    sc {]Xn-tj-[-ap-b¿Øm\pw R-ß-

    ƒ P\-ß-tfmSv A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p.

    CS-Xp-]£ sFIy-ap-∂-Wn-tImgn-t°mSv \SØnb {]I-S\w

  • 4 bqWn‰n am¿®v 2015

    h∂Xn-\p-tijw {]Jym-]n-°-s∏´ Hcp ka-

    c-Øn\pw am\y-amb Hc¥yw t]mepw

    krjvSn-°m≥ F¬Un-F-̂ n\v Ign-™n-√.

    ]¶m-fnØ s]≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-s°-Xnsc Poh-

    \-°m¿ {]Jym-]n® kacw H∂pw t\SmsX

    Ah-km-\n-®p. s]≥j≥ {]mbw h¿≤n-∏n®-

    Xn-s\-Xnsc Un-ssh-F^vsF {]Jym-]n®

    tNmc-∏pg kacw Ft∏mƒ XpS-ßn-sbt∂m

    Ft∏mƒ Ah-km-\n-∏n-s®t∂m B¿°p-a-

    dn-bn-√. CXn-\n-S-bn¬ an®-`qan ]nSn-s®-Sp-

    °¬ ka-chpw \S-∂p. k¿°m-cp-ambn Hcp

    N¿® Xc-s∏-SpØn AsXm∂v aS-°n-s°-

    ´m≥, t\Xm-°ƒ A\p-̀ -hn® ]¶-∏mSv kl-

    Xm-]-I-c-am-bn-cp-∂p. hne-°-b-‰-Øn-s\-Xnsc

    ‘s]m¶me’ka-chpw \S-Øn. kJmhv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ t\cn´v {]Jym-]n® \nIp-Xn-

    _-ln-jvI-c-W-k-acw Bhn-bm-bn-t∏m-Ip-∂-

    Xpw \mw I≠p. bpUn-F-^n\v Hcp cmjv-

    {So-b ]cm-Pbw G¬∏n-°m≥ kn]n-sF(-Fw)

    \bn-- °p∂ CS-Xp-ap-∂Wn Xm¬∏-cy-s∏-Sp-

    ∂n√ F∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv tkmfm¿ ka-c-

    Øns‚ t]cn¬ sk{I-t´-dn-b‰v hf-bm≥

    t]mb-h¿ AWn-Iƒ°v Zln-°p∂ Hcp

    hni-Zo-I-cWw t]mepw \¬Im≥ Ign-bmsX,

    henb hna¿i-\hpw A]-lm-ky-Xbpw hnfn-

    ®p-h-cp-Øp-sa-∂-dnbm-am-bn-cp-∂n´pw ka-c-ap-

    t]-£n®v XncnsI t]m∂-Xv. C{X henb

    cmjv{Sob Xncn-®Sn ssI\o´n G‰p-hm-ßm≥

    Ah¿ apXn-cp-∂-Xns‚ ImcWw A{X-ta¬

    i‡-amWv ap∂Wn ka-hmbw F∂-Xn-\m-

    em-Wv. AXp-X-s∂-bmWv bpUn-F v̂ ̀ c-W-

    sa∂ [n°m-c-Øns‚ ]n≥_-ehpw. Ign-

    ™- 4 h¿jsØ `c-W-\-b-ß-fn¬ H∂p-

    t]m-epw ]n≥h-en-t°≠n hcm-sX, Hcp P\-

    t{Zm-l`-c-W-Øn\v apt∂-dm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv

    AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. [\-Imcy a{¥n sI.-Fw.-

    amWns°Xnsc _m¿ apX-em-fn-am-cpsS

    kwL-S\ tImg- Btcm-]Ww D∂-bn-®-

    t∏mƒ, AXv apJy-a{¥nsb klm-bn-°p∂

    Btcm-]-W-amsW∂mWv ]nW-dmbn hnP-

    b≥ BZyw {]Xn-I-cn®-Xv. ]me-°m v́ \S∂

    kvs]jy¬ πo\-Ønse skan-\m-dn¬ {]`m-

    j-I-\mbn sI.-Fw.amWnsb ]s¶-Sp-∏n-®-

    Xns‚ AtX e£yambncp∂p Cu {]Xn-

    I-c-WØns‚ ]nd-In-ep-w D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv.

    hna¿i-\-߃ D≠mbXn-s\-Øp-S¿∂v Nne

    ka-c-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ t]cn\v {]Jym-]n-°m≥

    F¬.-Un.-F v̂ Xøm-dm-sb-¶nepw amWn-sb

    -kw-c-£n-°p∂ \ne-]mSmWv Ct∏mgpw

    kn]n-sF(-Fw) XpS-cp-∂-sX∂v ImWm≥ Ign-

    bpw. C{]-Imcw XnI™ Ah-k-c-hm-Zhpw

    CSp-ßnb sXc-s™-Sp∏v cmjv{Sob e£y-

    hpw am{Xw ]n¥p-S-cp∂ Hcp ap∂-Wnbv°v

    Fßn-s\-bmWv P\-ß-fpsS hnime Xm¬∏-

    cy-ßsf ap≥\n¿Øn P\-Io-b-{]-t£m-`-

    ߃ kwL-Sn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bpI? ap∂-Wn-

    bpsS kacw AUvP-Ãvsa‚ v ka-c-am-sW∂v

    amtem-I-tcmSv Xpd-∂p-]-d-™Xv CS-Xp-ap-∂-

    Wn-bnse c≠mw I£n-bmb kn]nsF

    Xs∂-bm-Wv. Btcm-SmWv AUvP-Ãvsa‚ v?

    \mWw-sI´ \ne-bn¬ kn]nsF CXp ]d-

    bp-tºmƒ, ap∂Wn {]Jym-]n® kacw

    ]n≥h-en-°p-∂-Xn¬ Ch¿°v Hcp ]¶p-an√

    F∂mtWm \mw a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xv. Aßn-

    s\-sb-¶n¬ Cßns\ Hcp ap∂-Wn-Xs∂

    F¥n-\mWv? CsXmcp ap∂-Wn-bmtWm?

    CXn-s\m∂pw adp-]Sn ]d-bmsX Hcp Dfn-

    ∏p-an-√msX kzbw tIa-\m-Im≥ \S-Øp∂

    {iaw Xs∂-Øs∂ \·-\m-°p-sa∂v a\-

     n-em-°n-bm¬ \∂v.

    CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wn-bnse {]apJcmb c≠v

    I£n-I-fpsS kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\w Ign™

    amkw Be-∏p-gbnepw tIm -́b-Øp-ambn \S-

    °p-I-bp-≠m-bn. tZiob cmjv{Sob cwKØv

    AXoh B]-XvI-c-amb \S-]-Sn-Iƒ Zn\w-

    sN√pw-tXmdpw i‡n-s∏´phcp∂ kml-N-

    cy-Øn-em-Wv c≠v ktΩ-f-\-ßfpw B¿`m-S-

    ]q¿∆w \S-∂-Xv. kwÿm-\sØ P\-t{Zm-

    l-̀ -c-Whpw AXns‚ ]mc-ay-X-bn¬ FØn-

    bn-cn-°p-∂p. ktΩf-\-߃ Cu cmjv{Sob

    kml-N-cysØ kw_-‘n®v P\-߃°v

    Zni Im´p∂ Fs¥-¶nepw hne-bn-cp-ج

    \S-Øntbm? P\-߃°v \¬Im≥ Ign-

    ™ns√-¶nepw kz¥w ]m¿´n AWn-Iƒ-

    °pw AwK-߃°pw F¥v hnZym-`ym-k-am-

    Wv Cu ktΩ-f-\-߃ \¬In-b--Xv? am[y-

    a-ß-fpsS Xcw-XmW sk≥tk-j-Wenkw

    krjvSn® DtZzKhpw C°n-fn-s∏-Sp-Øepw

    AXn\v If-sam-cp-°p∂ c≠v ]m¿´n-I-fp-sS-

    bpw t\Xm-°-fpsS sNbvXn-Ifpw Atß-b-

    ‰w Ig-ºp-sI´ Hc¥co£w Hcp-°n-sb-∂p-

    ≈-XmWv ktΩ-f-\-ß-fpsS _m°n-]-{Xw.

    ]Xn-hvt]mse kn]n-sF (Fw)¬ hn.-Fkv

    Bbn-cp∂p hm¿-Øm-kr-jvSm-hv. \m´p-Imsc

    sIm™-\w-Ip-Øp∂ Cu G¿∏mSv ]Xnhv

    Fcn-thmsS hn.-F-kv.-B-h¿Øn-®p. am[y-a-

    ߃ hm¿Ø D≠m-°m-≥ bYm¿∞-ÿn-

    Xnsb ]e aSßv Fcn-hpw ]pfnbpw tN¿Øv

    hnf-ºn. Fs¥mcp \mWw-sI´ Ah-ÿ.

    Cu \mSns‚ F¥p {]iv\-amWv ]ncn-ap-

    dp°w D≠m-°p∂ hm¿-Ø N-a-bv°en¬

    N¿® sNbvX-Xv. XΩn¬-Ø-√n-bmte

    hm¿Ø D≠mIq F∂-Xp-sIm-≠mtWm F∂-

    dn-bn√, CØ-hW kn]n-sF-bpsS ktΩ-f-

    \hpw Ah-km\w hsc DtZz-Kw \e-

    \n¿Øn. P\-߃ t\cn-Sp∂ A¥-an-√mØ

    {]iv\-ß-fpsS ]cn-lmcm¿∞-ap≈ t]mcm-

    ´-Øns‚ Zni Im´-t\m, ImgvN-∏mSv \¬-

    Imt\m Cu ktΩ-f-\-߃°v Ign-t™m?

    Ct∏mƒ ]d-™n-s√-¶n¬ Rms\-t∏m-ƒ ]d-

    bpw F∂v tNmZn-®p-sIm≠v hn.-F-kv.--A-Nyp-

    Xm-\-µs\ B{I-an® ]nW-dm-bnbpw ]m¿´n

    hncp-≤-s\∂v hnfn-®-Xn¬ a\w-s\m¥v Cd-

    ßn-t∏mb hn.-Fkpw XΩn-ep≈ t]mcn\v

    \m´p-Im-cs‚ Pohn-X-hp-ambn F¥v _‘w?

    ANyp-Xm-\-µ≥ AItØm ]pd-tØm- F∂v

    HcmgvN P\-ßsf DtZz-K-]q¿∆w N¿®-bn¬

    Xf-®n-́ -Xp-sIm≠v P\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ ASn-

    ÿm-\-{]-iv\-߃ P\-{i-≤-bn¬ \n∂v AI-

    ‰n-\n¿Øs∏-Sm-\n-Sbmbn F∂p am{Xw.

    bpUn-F^v `cWw Cu \ne-bn-emWv

    apt∂m-´p-t]m-Ip-∂-sX-¶n¬ ASpØ sXc-

    s™-Sp-∏n¬ ]Xnhv Bh¿Øn-°-s∏Spw F-

    ∂ ip -̀{]-Xo-£-bn¬ Aa¿∂n-cn-°p-I-bmWv

    kn]n-sF(-Fw) \bn-°p∂ CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wn.

    P\-Io-b-{]-t£m-̀ -Øn-eqsS Cu k¿°m¿

    ]pd-Øm-°-s∏-́ m¬ Xß-sfbpw B Zp¿hn[n

    th -́bm-Sp-sa∂v Dd-∏p-≈-Xp-sIm-≠v, AØ-

    c-samcp ]cn-io-e\w P\-߃°v \¬Im≥

    Ah-cm-{K-ln-°p-∂n-√. AXn-\m¬ k¿°m-

    cns‚ \b-ßsf ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Øm\p-X-

    Ip∂ Hcp kacw CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wn-bpsS AP-

    ≠-bnen-√. Pohn-X-t¢-i-߃°v Cc-bmb

    P\-߃ Cu \b-߃ ]cm-P-b-s∏-S-W-sa-

    ∂v B{K-ln-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ kz¥w ka-c-

    kw-L-S-\-Iƒ hf¿-Øn--sb-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v

    hn´p--ho-gvN-bn-√mØ {]t£m-̀ -Øns‚ ̀ mK-

    Øv AWn-\n-c-°-Ww. Ign™ c≠v ]Xn-

    ‰m-≠n-∂n-S-bn¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ hnPbw hcn®

    ka-c-߃ P\-߃ kz¥w ap≥ssI-bn¬

    hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-Ø-h-bm-Wv. hyh-ÿm-]nX

    cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-߃ ]eXpw Cu ka-

    c-߃s°-Xn-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. C≥Uy≥ sXmgn-

    em-fn-h¿§-Øns‚ hntam-N-\-{]-ÿm\w

    Fkvbpkn-sF(-I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv) Cu P\-Iob

    ka-c-ß-fpsS i‡-amb ]n¥p-W-bmbn

    As√-¶n¬ kwLm-S-I-cmbn ka-c-ß-tfm-sSm-

    ∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. P\-Iob {]t£m-̀ -Øns‚

    icn-bmb Cu ImgvN-∏mSv Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-

    °m\pw AXn-t\m-sSm∏w AWn-\n-c-°m\pw

    Gh-tcmSpw A`y-¿-∞n-°p-∂p.

    {]iv\-]-cn-lmcw P\-Iob {]t£m-`-Øn-eqsSbpUn-F v̂`cWw

    hnZym-`ymk hmbv]-sb-SpØv IS-s°-Wn-bn-emb hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw c£n-Xm-°fpw

    sF-F≥-]nFbpsS B`n -ap -Jy-Øn¬

    cmPv̀ h-\nte-°v am¿®v \SØn. hnZym-̀ ymk

    hmbv] kºq¿-Æ-ambpw k¿°m¿ Gs‰-Sp-

    °p-I, ]eni-bn-f-hn-\mbn tI{µ-k¿°m¿

    A\p-h-Zn® 2600 tImSn cq]-bpsS hn\n-tbm-

    KsØ kw_-‘n®v kn.--_n.--sF At\z-

    jWw \S-Øp-I, \gvkpam¿°v sXmgn¬

    kpc-£n-X-Xz-hpw kmaqly kpc-£n-X-

    Xzhpw Dd∏p-h-cp--Øp∂ tUm.-Fkv._-e-cm-

    a≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿ v́ \S-∏n-em-°pI, \gvkp-

    am¿°v ]n-F- v.--kn hgn-bp≈ ÿnc-\n-b-a\w

    DS≥ \SØpI XpS-ßnb Unam‚p-Iƒ D∂-

    bn-®p-sIm≠mbn-cp∂p am¿®v.

    sFF≥-]nF kwÿm\{]kn-U‚ v

    tUm.--Un.-kp-tc-{µ-\mYv am¿®v DZvLm-S\w sN-

    bvXp. hmbv] kºq¿Æ-ambpw k¿°m¿ G-

    s‰--SpØv IpSpw-_-ßsf Bfl-l-Xy-bn¬ \n-

    ∂pw c£n-°-W-sa∂pw As√¶n¬ -i‡-

    amb {]t£m-`-W-Øn\v tIcfw km£yw

    hnZym-`ymk hmbv]: sFF≥]nF-˛bpsS cmPv`h≥ am¿®v

    hln-t°≠nhcp-sa∂pw At±lw ]d-™p.

    sFF≥-]nF kwÿm\sshkv {]kn-

    U‚ v Fw.hn. sNdn-bm≥ A≤y-£X hln-

    ®p. sFF≥-]nF kwÿm\sk{I-´dn

    Fkv an\n kzmKX{]kwKw \S-Øn. kwL-

    S\m t\Xm-°-fmb tUm.-sI.-l-cn-{]-km-Zv,

    \µ-\≥ hen-b-]-d-ºn¬, sI.-sP.-tPm-k-̂ v,

    F≥.-B¿ taml≥Ip-am¿, Pn.-B¿.-kp-̀ m-jv,

    kv{Xokpc-£m- k-anXn kwÿm\I¨ho-

    \¿ an\n -sI.-̂ n-en∏v, tkhv FPyq-t°-j≥

    IΩn‰n kwÿm\sk{I-´dn Fw. -jm-

    P¿Jm≥, AUz.-_n.-sI.-cm-P-tKm-]m¬ F∂n-

    h¿ am¿®n¬ {]kw-Kn®p. joe sI.-sP,

    Un.-l-cn-Ir-jvW≥, Fkv.-cm-Lh≥, _n\p

    t__n,- tacn tXma-kv, -kn.-sI-in-h-Zm-k≥,

    tacn F{_lmw F∂n-h¿ am¿®n\pw

    [¿Æbv°pw t\XrXzw \¬In.

    hnZym-`ymk hmbv] kºq¿Æ-ambn

    k¿°m¿ Gs‰-Sp-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´p-

    sIm≠v Bbn-c-°-W-°n\mfp-Iƒ H∏n´

    \nth-Z\w Kh¿Æ¿ hgn {][m-\-a-{¥n°v

    ka¿∏n-®p.

    hnZym-`ymk hmbv]-sb-SpØv ]T\w

    ]q¿Øn-bm-°nbh¿°v ÿnc-am-sbmcp

    sXmgntem hcp-am-\tam e`n-°p∂n-√. AXp-

    aqew _lp-̀ q-cn-]£w IpSpw-_-ßfpw Ac-

    £n-Xm-h-ÿ-bn-em-Wv. _m¶p-Iƒ \S-Øp∂

    \nb-a-hn-cp≤ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ aqew hnZym¿∞n-

    Ifpw c£n-Xm-°fpw Zn\w {]Xn Bfl-l-

    Xy-sN-tø-≠n-h-cp-∂p. \ΩpsS kwÿm-\Øv

    IS-s°-Wn-aqew 17 c£n-Xm°fpw 5

    hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw Bfl-l-Xy-sN-øp-I-bp-≠m-

    bn. hb-\mSp≈ Hcp \gvkns‚ Bfl-l-

    Xybpw \mZm-]p-cØv 82 hb- p≈ c£n-

    Xm-hns\ Pbn-en-e-S-®Xpw G‰-hp-sam-Sp-hn-

    embn tImgn-t°mSv _m¶ns‚ ̀ oj-Wn-sb-

    Øp-S¿∂v ]nXmhv Bfl-l-Xy-sN-bvX-Xp-

    sa√mw Cu cwKsØ {]iv\-ß-fpsS Kpcp-

    X-cmhÿ hnfn-t®m-Xp-∂p. k¿°m-cp-I-fpsS

    \b-ssh-Ieyw aqew hmbv]sb B{i-bn®v

    hnZym-̀ ymkw B¿÷n-°p-hm≥ hnZym¿∞n-

    Iƒ \n¿_-‘n-X-ambn Xo¿∂-Xns\

    XpS¿∂v DS-se-Sp-Øn-cn-°p∂ Hcp ]pXnb

    {]Xn-`m-k-amWv Cu Zpc-¥-߃s°√mw

    Imc-W-am-bn-Øo¿∂-Xv.

    hnZym-̀ ymk hmbv]-bpsS taep≈ ]en-

    i-bn-f-hn-\mbn c≠p-]-≤-Xn-Iƒ tI{µ-

    k¿°m¿ \S-∏n-em-°n. 1) 2009 am¿®v 31 \v

    tijw FSp-Ø hmbv]bpsS ]eni tI{µ-

    k¿°m¿ k_vkn-Un-bmbn _m¶p-Iƒ°v

    \¬Ip-∂p. 2) 2009 am¿®v 31 \v apºv hmbv]-

    sb-Sp-Ø-h-cpsS 2013 hsc Ah-ti-jn-°p∂

    ]eni Gs‰-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v 2600 tImSn cq]

    Ign™ tI{µ-_-UvP-‰n¬ hI-sIm-≈n-®p.

    hnZym-`ymk hmbv]-bpsS hyh-ÿ-Iƒ°v

    hncp-≤-ambn _m¶p-Iƒ sIm≈-∏-en-ibpw

    I≈-°-W-°p-Ifpw FgpXn c≠p ]≤-Xn-

    Ifpw A´n-a-dn-®p. AXp-aqew IpSpw-_-ß-

    tf-sdbpw P]vXn-bnepw tImS-Xn-t°- nepw

    _m¶p-I-fpsS h°o¬ t\m´o-kpI-fnepw

    `oj-Wn-bn-ep-am-Wv.

    I≈-°-W-°p-≠m°nbmWv _m¶p-Iƒ

    dh\yp dn°-hdn \S-Ø-W-sa∂v k¿°m-cn-

    t\mSv Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ _m¶p-

    Iƒ \¬Ip-∂ IW-°p-Iƒ ]cn-tim-[n-

    °msX Pn√m-I-e-IvS¿am¿ P]vXn-sN-øm≥

    DØ-c-hn-Sp-∂p. _m¶v IW-°m-°p∂ XpI

    F{X-bm-bmepw 7 iX-am\w k¿°mcn\p≈

    IΩo-j-\m-Wv. _m-¶p-Iƒ \¬Ip∂ IW-

    °p-Iƒ ]cn-tim-[n-°p-hm-\pw A¿l-X-s∏-

    -́h¿°v B\p-Iq-ey-߃ e`n-°p∂p F∂v

    Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-hm\pw ]cm-Xn-Iƒ ]cn-l-cn-

    °p -hm\pw Hcp ÿncw kwhn -[m\w

    k¿°m¿ Xe-ß-fn¬ C√.

    hntZi cmPy-ß-fn-te°v sXmgn¬

    tXSnt∏mb \gvkp-amcpw CXc hn`m-K-

    °mcpw B`y-¥-c-I-em-]-Ønepw bp≤-Øn-

    ep-a-I-s∏´pw X´n-∏p-Iƒ°n-c-bmbpw Xncn-®p-

    h-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. ]T\s®ehn\p

    ]pdta hensbmcp XpI GP≥kn-Iƒ°pw

    \¬In-bmWv hntZ-i-tØ°v t]mb-Xv. C°q-

    ´sc ]p\-c-[n-h-kn-∏n-°m-\p≈ ]≤-Xn-I-

    sf√mw IS-em-kn¬ am{X-ambn HXp-ßp-∂p.

    \ne-hn-ep≈ Bbn-c-°-W-°n\v Hgn-hp-I-

    fn¬ Ct∏mƒØs∂ \gvkp-am-scbpw a‰v

    Poh-\-°m-scbpw \nb-an-®m¬ am{Xta

    s]mXp--P-\m-tcmKyw Ipd-s®-¶nepw Imcy£-

    a-am-Ip-I-bp-≈p. G‰hpw henb sXmgn¬-

    ZmXm-hmbn amtd-≠p∂ k¿°m¿ amXrIm-

    ]-c-ambn Imcy-߃ sNøp-∂n-√. AXn-\m¬,

    ]n.-Fkv.kn -h-gn-bp≈ ÿncw \nb-a\w

    DS≥ \S-Ø-Ww. AtXmsSm-∏wXs∂

    kzImcy taJ-e-bn¬ tPmen-sb-Sp-°p∂

    \gvkp-am-cp-sSbpw CXc Poh-\-°m-cp-sSbpw

    tkh\ -̨th-X\ hyh-ÿ-Iƒ Imtem-Nn-X-

    ambn ]cn-jv°-cn-°m-\p≈ \n¿t±-ß-f-S-ßnb

    tUm. Fkv. -_-e-cm-a≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´v

    DS≥ \S-∏n-em-°-Ww.

    C¥y≥ \gvkkv B‚ v t]c‚ vkv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v

    tUm.-Un.-kp-tc-{µ-\mYv cmPv̀ -h≥ am¿®v DZvLm-S\w sNøp-∂p.

    (2˛mw t]Pn¬ \n∂v)

  • 5bqWn‰n am¿®v 2015Aø≥Imfn \bn® Im¿jnI ]Wn-ap-S°Øns‚ iXm_vZnbmN-cWw

    \thm-∞m\i‡n Ncn{X{]Z¿i\wNß-\m-t»-cn-

    alm-\mb Aø≥Imfn \bn® Im¿jnI ]Wn-ap-S-°ns‚ \qdmw hm¿jnIw BN-cn-®p-sIm≠v iXm_vZn BN-c-W-°-Ωn‰n Nß-\m-t»cn Xmeq°v IΩn-‰n-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-

    Øn¬ s^{_p-hcn 16,17,18 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ Nß-\m-t»cn ]c-ta-iz-c≥ ]n≈ \Kdn-¬-(s]cp∂

    ap\n-kn-∏¬ _kvÃm≥Uv) \S∂ \thm-∞m\ i‡n FIvkn-_n-j≥ 16 ˛mw- Xo-bXn

    cmhnse Nß-\m-t»cn ap\n-kn-∏¬ sNb¿t]-gvk¨ IrjvW-Ip-amcn cmP-ti-J-c≥ DZvLm-

    S\w sNbvXp. iXm_vZn BN-c-W-°-Ωn‰n Xmeq°v sshkv {]kn-U‚ v Un.-kp-tcjv

    A≤y-£X hln® tbmK-Øn¬ hmg-∏≈n {Kma-]-©m-bØv saº¿ sI.-Fw.-amXyp ]mØn-

    °¬, iXm_vZn BN-c-W-°-Ωn‰n kwÿm\ IΩn-‰n-bwKw F≥.-sI.-_n-Pp, sI.-F-kv.-i-

    in-I-e, enPn-tam≥ tPmk^v XpS-ßn-b-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.

    Aø≥Imfnbpw tIcf \thm-∞m-\hpw F∂ hnj-bsØ A[n-I-cn®v sshIp-t∂cw

    \S∂ skan-\m¿ anI® A≤ym-]-I-\p≈ tI{µ-k¿°m-cns‚ Ahm¿Uv tPXm-hmb a‰-

    ∏≈n inh-i-¶-c-∏n≈ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. iXm_vZn BN-c-W-°-Ωn‰n Xmeq°v {]kn-

    U‚ v ]n.-sI.-Ir-jvW≥ A≤y-£X hln® tbmK-Øn¬ F≥.-sI.-_nPp hnj-bm-h-X-

    cWw \S-Øn. ZfnXv ss{IkvXh s^U-td-j≥ sNb¿am≥ AUz.-kn.-sP.-tPm-kv, Fkv-

    F≥Un]n Xmeq°v bqWn-b≥ sk{I-´dn ]n.-Fw.-N-{µ≥, sI.-kn-Fkv alnfm kwLw

    sk{I-´dn ]n.-eo-e, AUz.-]n.-F-kv-.a-t\m-Pv, AUz.-hn.-sP.-em-en, sI.-hn-P-b-Ip-am¿ XpS-

    ßn-b-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. iXm_vZn BN-c-W-°-Ωn‰n Xmeq°v I¨ho-\¿ sI.-k-Zm-\-µ≥

    kzmK-Xhpw sI.-F-kv.-sN-√Ω IrX-⁄-Xbpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn.

    s^{_p-hcn 17 \v cmhnse \S∂ Nn{X-Im-c≥am-cpsS kwKaw {]i-kvX Nn{X-Im-c≥

    B¿.-]m¿∞ kmcYn h¿Ω DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. tPmtPmtXmakv A≤y-£X hln-®

    ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ sI.-k-Zm-\-µ≥, lcn-i-¶¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. {]apJ Nn{X-Im-

    sXmSp-]p-g

    Aø≥Imfn \bn® Im¿jnI ]Wn-apS°Øns‚ \qdmw hm¿jn-Im-N-cW-Øn-s‚`mK-ambn \thm-∞m-\-i‡n Ncn-{X-{]-Z¿i\w s^{_p-hcn 26,27,28 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ CSp°n

    Pn√-bnse sXmSp-]p-g-bn¬ \S-∂p. s^{_phcn 26\v sXmSp-]pg ap\n-kn-∏¬ Su¨lm-

    fnepw 27,28 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ ap\n-kn--∏¬ ssaXm-\n-bn-ep-amWv {]Z¿i\w kwL-Sn-∏n-®-Xv.

    s^{_phcn 26\v cmhnse Su¨lm-fn¬ \S∂ NS-ßn¬ ap\n-kn-∏¬ sNb¿am≥

    F.Fw.lmcnZv {]Z¿i\w DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. BN-cW IΩ‰n {]kn-U‚ v hgn-Øe

    cho-{µ≥ \mb¿ A≤y-£X hln-®p.

    c≥am-cmb lcn \mcm-b-W≥, F≥.-Pn.-kp-tcjv Ipam¿, h¿§okvtPm¨, F≥.-k-µo--]v,

    sI.-sj-co-̂ v XpS-ßn-b-h¿]s¶-Sp-Øp.

    tIcf \thm∞m\ {]ÿm-\hpw ae-bmf kmln-Xyhpw F∂ hnjbsØ A[n-I-

    cn®v sshIp-t∂cw \S∂ skan-\m¿ {]ap-J kmln-Xy-Im-c\pw \ncq-]-I\pw ̀ mjm ]fin-

    X-\p-amb tUm.-kvI-dnb kJ-dnb DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. {io]mZw Cuiz-c≥ \ºq-Xn-cn,

    s{]m^.-]n.-F.-B‚-Wn, cmP-tKm-]m¬ hmI-Øm-\w, B¿.-keow Ipam¿, an\n sI.-̂ n-en-

    ∏v, C.-hn.-{]-Im-iv, Fw.-Ir-jvW-Ip-am¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. eqt°mkv sI.-\o-ew-t]-

    cq¿ A≤y-£X hln® tbmK-Øn¬ Ejn-Ip-am¿ kzmK-Xhpw k\¬ IrX-⁄-Xbpw

    tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn.

    s^{_p-hcn 18 \v 3 aWn°v iymwPn sI.-`m-kn, t{]wPn sI.-`mkn, A`n-emjv Nnß-

    h\w XpS-ßn-b-h¿ Ah-X-cn-∏n® kwKoX It®cn \S-∂p. XpS¿∂v \thm-∞m\ apt∂-‰-

    Øns‚ Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ IS-a-Iƒ F∂ hnj-bsØ A[n-I-cn®v skan-\m¿ \S-∂p.

    tPmk^v ]\-aq-S≥ A≤y-£X hln® ktΩf\-Øn¬ F≥.-sI.-_n-Pp, Nß-\m-t»cn

    ap\n-kn-∏m-en‰n ap≥ sNb¿am≥ sI.-sF.-e-Øo-̂ v, Nß-\m-t»cn FCH tUm.-F.-sI.-A-

    ∏p-°p-´≥, sI.-kn.-Fkv kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v F≥.-sI.-A-\n¬Ip-am¿, kmw_h alm-

    k` Nß-\m-t»cn bqWn-b≥ {]kn-U‚ v Fw.-B¿ taml≥Zm-kv, iXm_vZn BN-W-°-

    Ωn‰n Pn√m {]kn-U‚ v \ujmZv Fkv apl-Ω-Zv, sN√-∏≥ Imb-tem-Sn, tUmIvS¿ ]´m`n

    koXm-cm-a≥, FkvbpknsF(Iayq-WnÃv) Pn√m sk{I-´dn Pbvk¨ tPmk-^v, ]n.kn-

    .a[p XpS-ßn-b-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. Un.-kp-tcjv kzmK-Xhpw F_n B¿ IrX-⁄-Xbpw

    tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn.

    amth-en-°c

    am¿®v 2,3,4 Xob-Xn-I-fn-embv Be-∏pg Pn√-bpsS kmwkvIm-cnI tI{µ-ß-fn-sem-∂m-b amth-en-°-c-bn¬ hn]p-e-amb ]cn-]m-Sn-I-tfmsS \thm-∞m\ i‡n Ncn-{X-{]-Z¿i\w

    \S-∂p. AUz. amXyp thf-ßm-S≥ sNb¿am\pw sI. B¿. Hma-\-°p-´≥ I¨ho-\-dp-

    ambn cq]o-Ir-X-amb 47 AwK kzmK-X-kw-L-amWv ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ°v t\XrXzw \¬In-b-Xv.

    alm-\mb Aø≥Im-fn-bpsS Nn{X-tØm-sSm∏w Bte-J\w sNbvX _m\-dp-ta-¥n-

    s°m≠v taf-hm-Zy-ß-fpsS AI-º-Sn-tbmsS s^{_p-hcn 28 \v amth-en-°c _p≤-Pw-Kvj-

    \n¬ \n∂v Aø≥Imfn \K-dn-te°v hnfw-_c PmY \S-∂p. {]Z¿i-\-Øn-\p-ap-t∂m-Sn-

    bmbn 10 Ihe tbmK-ßfpw \S-∂p.

    am¿®v 2 \v amth-en-°c FwF¬F B¿.cmtPjv {]Z¿i\w DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp.

    AUz. amXyp thf-ßm-S≥ A≤y-£-\mb DZvLm-S\ ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ap≥kn-∏¬ sNb¿t]-

    gvk¨ eoem A`n-em-jv, {io ip`m-\µm {SÃv AwKw kzman [¿Ω Xo¿∞¿ ap≥kn-∏¬

    Iu¨kn-e¿am-cmb _n.Aºn-fn, sI.tKm]≥, sI]nFwF-kv amth-en-°c bqWn-b≥

    sk{I-´dn sI. Im¿Øn-tI-b≥, FkvF≥Un]n amth-en-°c bqWn-b≥ sk{I-´dn

    _n.kptcjv _m_p, ‰n.iin Imhm-ew, B¿.]m¿∞-km-c-Yn-h¿Ω, F≥.B¿.AP-b-Ip-

    am¿ F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. XpS¿∂v aq∂v Znh-k-ß-fn-embn \mev hnj-b-ßsf A[n-I-cn-

    ®p-sIm-≠p≈ skan-\m-dp-Iƒ \S-∂p. \thm-∞m-\hpw B[p-\nI tIc-fhpw skan-\m¿

    tIcf kwÿm\ P\-Iob {]Xn-tcm[ kanXn kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn tUm. hn.thWp-

    tKm-]m¬ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. AUz. laoZv Fkv. hSp-Xe A≤y-£-X-h-ln-®p. F≥.

    sI. _nPp {]_‘w Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. sI. \mcm-b-W≥, sdPn kmap-th¬, sI. _me-Ir-

    jvW≥, Bem hmkp-tZ-h≥ ]n≈, B¿. _me-Ir-jvW≥ ]S-\n-ew, {]Imiv cma-Zm-kv,

    sI. B¿. Hma-\-°p-´≥, tXmakv Um\n-tb¬ F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.

    \thm-∞m\ {]ÿm-\hpw kv{Xo hntam-N-\hpw skan-\m¿ {]ikvX kmln-Xy-Imcn

    kPn\n ]hn-{X≥ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. AJn-te-¥y, alnfm kmkw-kvIm-cnI kwL-S\

    kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ssjem sI. tPm¨ {]_‘w Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. ku`mKy Ipamcn

    A≤y-£-bmb skan-\m-dn¬ AUz. Fkv. koa, {]k∂ Np\-°-c, AUz. Fw. F.

    _nµp, Sn. Bi, hn. Fw. kn\n-tamƒ F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.

    \thm-∞m-\-{]-ÿm-\hpw ae-bmf kmln-Xyhpw skan-\m¿ B¿. ]m¿∞-km-c-Yn-

    h¿Ω-bpsS A≤y-£-X-bn¬ {]ikvX kmlnXy \ncq-]-I≥ {]bm¿ {]`m-I-c≥ DZvLm-

    S\w sNbvXp. Fw. IrjvW-Ip-am¿ {]_‘w Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. Np\-°c P\m¿±-\≥, tUm.

    Aar-X, a[p Cd-h-¶-c, tUm. sI. cm[m-Ir-jvW≥, amth-en-°c P\m¿±-\≥, s{]m^.

    hn. sF. tPm¨k¨, s{]m^. sNΩm\w tPm¨k¨, sI. _na¬Pn, h¿§okv tPm¿÷v

    F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.

    alm-\mb Aø≥Im-fnbpw tIcf \thm-∞m-\hpw F∂-hn-j-bsØ A[n-I-cn®p \S∂

    kam-]\ skan-\m-dn¬ h¿§okv Fw. tP°_v A≤y-£X hln-®p. {]ikvX Ihn Ico-

    ∏pg {ioIp-am¿ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. iXm_vZn BN-cW kan-Xn-bpsS kwÿm\ I¨ho-

    \¿ Pn. Fkv. ]fl-Ip-am¿ {]_‘w Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. AUz. sI. B¿. apc-fo-[-c≥,

    km[p-P-\-]-cn-]m-e-\-kwLw kwÿm-\-{]-kn-U‚ v sI. B¿. DÆn-Ir-jvW≥, Icn-∏pg

    kptc-{µ≥, tP°_v DΩ≥, apXp-Ipfw taml≥Zm-kv, amth-en-°c taml-\≥, sI. sI.

    hmkp-tZ-h≥, Fkv. koXn-em¬, sI. sP. joe, F≥. DZ-b-Ip-am¿, sI. inh≥Ip-´n, Sn.

    tImin F\v\n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.

    Ihn-b-c-ßv, hb-en≥ tkmtfm, \mS≥]m-́ v, Km\-a-RvPcn XpS-ßnb Iem-̨ -kmw-kvIm-

    cnI ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw \thm-∞m-\-i‡n Ncn{X {]Z¿i-\-th-Zn-bn¬ \S-∂p.

    {]Z¿i-\-Øns‚ c≠mw Znh-k-amb 27 \v sshIn v́ 4 aWn°v ap\n-kn-∏¬ ssaXm-\n-

    bn¬ ‘Aø≥Im-fnbpw tIcf \thm-∞m-\hpw’ F∂ hnj-b-Øn¬ skan-\m¿ \S∂p.P\-Iob {]Xn-tcm[ kanXn Pn√m {]kn-U‚ v s{]m^.tPmbn ssa°nƒ A≤y-£-\m-bn.

    ImeSn k¿∆-I-em-ime A≤ym-]-I\pw kmln-Xy-Im-c-\p-amb kp\n¬ ]n. Cf-bnSw DZvLm-

    S\w sNbvXp.

    BN-cW IΩ‰n kwÿm\ kan-Xn-bwKw F≥.sI _nPp hnj-bm-h-X-cWw \SØn.

    sI.sI.kptc-{µ≥ N¿®-bn¬ ]s¶-SpØp sIm≠v kwkm-cn-®p. tZh-Zmkv sI. kzmK-

    Xhpw C.]n kmw_-in-h≥ \µnbpw ]d-™p.

    ‘\thm-∞m\ apt∂-‰-Øns‚ Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ IS-a-Iƒ’ F∂ hnj-b-Øn-¬ kam-]-\-Zn-hkw \S∂ skan-\m¿ kwÿm\ BN-cW IΩ‰n I¨ho-\¿ Pn.-Fkv ]fl-Ip-

    am¿ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. hgn-Øe cho-{µ≥ \mb¿ A≤y-£X hln-®p. sI.hn iin[-

    c≥, ({]-knU‚ v, ̀ c-X¿ alm-k-̀ ), AUz. _nt\mbv tPmk v̂ (_n-knknF-̂ v), tPmk v̂

    s]cp-h-¥m\w (sF-F≥]n-F), sI.hn iin, ]n ]n A\n¬Ip-am¿ (sI-]n-Fw-F-kv),

    t__n tPm¿÷v ({]uUv C¥ym aqhvsa‚ v) cmP≥ a°p-amd (FsI-kn-F-®v-FwF-kv)

    Xpßn-b-h¿ N¿®-bn¬ ]¶psIm≠p. BN-cW IΩ‰n sk{I-´dn F≥. hnt\m-ZvIp-am¿

    kzmK-Xhpw Fw.-F≥ A\n¬ \µnbpw ]d-™p.

    sXmSp]pgbn¬ kp\n¬ ]n. Cf-bnSw {]Z¿i\w DZvLm-S\w sNøp∂p

    Nß-\m-t»cn ap\n-kn-∏¬ sNb¿t]-gvk¨ IrjvW-Ip-amcn cmP-ti-J-c≥

    {]Z¿i\w DZvLm-S\w sNøp∂p

    amth-en-°c FwF¬F B¿.cmtPjv {]Z¿i\w DZvLm-S\w sNøp∂p

  • 6 bqWn‰n am¿®v 2015

    \ne-hn-ep≈ XØz-ß-fn¬ Cfhv hcp-Øp-

    I. c≠m-a-Xmbn AØcw t{]mP-IvSp-

    Iƒ°pth≠n `qan Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠n-h-cp-

    tºmƒ `qhpS-a-bpsS A\p-aXntbm ]mcn-

    ÿn-Xn-Ihpw kmaq-lyhpamb -{]-Xym-

    LmXßsf kw_-‘n-°p∂ ]T-\-ßtfm

    Bh-iy-an-√. 2013-˛¬ \S-∏n¬h∂ \ne-hn-

    ep≈ \nb-a-Øn¬ Ch A\p-t]-£-Wo-b-

    am-Wv. aq∂m-a-Xmbn ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠n-h-

    cp-tºmƒ Ah Irjn-̀ q-an-bmtWm A√-tbm,

    ^e-`q-bn-jvTamtWm, A√tbm XpS-ßnb

    ]cn-K-W-\-I-sfm∂pw Bh-iy-an-√; hyh-km-

    bn-Iƒ°p-th≠n `qan Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ Cu

    Hm¿Un-\≥kv k¿°m-cn\v A[n-Imcw

    \¬Inbncn-°p-I-bmWv. 2013-̨ se ̀ qan Gs‰-

    Sp-°¬ \nbaw A\p-k-cn®v Gs‰-Sp-°p∂

    `qan 5 h¿j-Øn-\p-ti-jhpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-

    ∂n-s√--¶n¬ B `qan AXns‚ DS-a-ÿ\v

    XncnsI \¬I-W-sa∂v hyhÿ sNøp-∂p.

    `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ cmPyw Kuc-h-]q¿∆w

    {i≤n-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bXpw Ah 2013-˛se

    `qan Gs‰Sp-°¬-˛-]p-\-c-[n-hmk \nb-a-

    Øns‚ cq]o-I-c-W-Øn-te°v \bn-®-

    Xns‚bpw ]n-∂n¬ Hcp Ncn-{X-ap-≠v. Ncn-

    {X-{]-[m-\-amb ]›n-a-_w-Km-fnse knwKq¿-

    -̨\-µn{Kmw {]t£m-̀ -Im-e-b-f-hn-emWv ̂ e-

    `qbn-jvT-amb Irjn-̀ qan I¿j-I-cn¬\n∂pw

    Ah-cpsS A\p-a-Xn-IqSmsX _e-ambn ]nSn-

    s®-Sp-°m-tam, ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v apºv

    kmaq-ly-{]-Xym-LmX߃ hne-bn-cp -

    ØtWm XpS-ßnb tNmZy-߃ ap≥\n-c-bn-

    te°v h∂-Xv. A∂v _wKmƒ `cn-®n-cp∂

    kn]nsF(-Fw) t\XrXzw sImSpØ

    k¿°m¿ {_n´ojv Ime-bf-hn¬ cq]o-Ir-X-

    amb 1894-̨ se ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ \nb-a-sØ

    apX-seSp-Øp-sIm≠v ^e-`q-bn-jvT-amb

    knwKq¿˛\-µn{Kmw F∂o P\-km-{µ-X-bp≈

    {]tZ-ißfnse _lp-hnf Irjn-̀ q-an Gs‰-

    SpØv kztZ-i-̨ -hn-tZi IpØ-I-Iƒ°v hyh-

    km-b-Øn-s\-∂-t]-cn¬ h®p-\o-́ n-. IpØ-I-

    Ifpw Ah-cpsS tkh-I-cmb k¿°m-cp-Ifpw

    henb aqey-ap≈ ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ hy{KX

    Im´n. Hdo-k-bnse Ienw-K, bp.-]n-̨ -U¬ln

    AXn¿Øn {]tZ-i-Øp≈ Zm{Zn XpSßn a‰p

    kwÿm-\-ß-fnse k¿°m-cp-Ifpw kam-\-

    amb hn[-Øn¬ `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ \S-]-Sn-

    Iƒ°v t\XrXzw \¬In. knwKq¿˛\-µo{Kmw

    ka-c-ß-fn¬\n∂v Athiw Dƒs°m-≠p-

    sIm≠v a‰p-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnse I¿j-Icpw

    km[m-c-W-°mcpw _ew-{]-tbm-Kn-®p≈ ̀ qan-

    tb-s‰-Sp -°-en-s\ tbmPn® {]t£m-`-

    ØneqsS sNdp-Øp. 1894-˛se {_n´ojv

    tImf\n hmgvN-°m-esØ {]mIrX \nbaw

    D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv ]›n-a-_w-Km-fnse

    kn. -]n. -sF( -Fw) t\Xr -Xz -Øn -ep≈

    k¿°m¿ Xß-fpsS `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬

    \o°sØ \ymbo-I-cn-°m≥ {ian-®-Xv. tImf-

    \n-`-c-W-Im-eØv Bhn-jv°-cn-°-s∏-´Xpw

    Ime-l-c-W-s∏´Xp-amb `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬

    \nbaw am‰-W-sa∂ Bhiyw {]t£m-`-

    thZn-bn¬\n∂pw Db¿∂p-h-∂p. hym]-Ihpw

    {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-ep-≈-Xp-amb \K-c-h¬°-c-Ww-

    aqew `qan-bpsS hºn® tXmXn-ep≈ hne-

    h¿≤\ ]gb \nb-aØns‚ ]cn-K-W-\-bn-

    en-√. am{X-hp-a√ 1894-˛se tImf-\n-hm-gvN-

    °m-esØ \nbaw ̀ qhp-S-a-Isf am{Xta ]cn-

    K-Wn-®n-́ p-≈q. ]m -́Ir-jn-°m¿, IpSn-In-S-∏p-

    Im¿, I¿j-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ XpSßn ̀ qan-

    bp-ambn _‘-s∏´v D]-Po-h\w \S-Øp∂

    a‰p P\-hn-`m-K-߃ ]gb \nb-a-Øns‚

    ]cn-K-W-\-bnte C√. `qan-bp-ambn _‘-

    s∏´v Poh\pw Poh-nXhpw \bn-°p∂ apgp-

    h≥t]¿°pw kpc-£n-XØzw Dd-∏m-°p-I-

    sb-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p \nb-a-t -̀Z-K-Xn-bnse {][m-

    \-s∏´ hiw. ̀ qan-bpsS DS-a-I-fmb I¿j-

    I-cpsS A\p-aXn thWw, kmaq-ly-{]-Xym-

    LmXw \n¿Æ-bn-°-s∏-S-Ww, IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-

    °-s∏-Sp--∂-hsc ]p\-c-[n-h-kn-∏n-°Ww XpS-

    ßnb Unam‚p-Iƒ Cu {]t£m-`-Øn-eq-S-

    \ofw Db¿∂p-h-∂p.

    Hcn-°¬ X߃ ]m m-°p-hm-≥

    Bh-iy-s∏´ t`Z-K-Xn-I-fmWv _nsP]n

    Ct∏mƒ IpØ-I-I-fpsS Xm¬∏-cy-

    ߃°p-th≠n t`Z-KXn

    sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

    cmPy-sa-ºmSpw Ae-b-Sn® P\-Iob

    {]t£m-`-W-ß-fpsS kΩ¿±w-aq-e-amWv

    Ign™ bp-]nF k¿°mcn\v 1894-˛se

    ]gb `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ \nb-a-Øn¬ t`Z-

    KXn sIm≠p-htc-≠n-h-∂-Xv. \o≠ 7

    h¿jsØ N¿®Iƒ-s°m-Sp-hn-emWv 2013-

    ˛se ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ \nbaw cq]-I¬∏\

    sNø-s∏-́ -Xv. A∂v {]Xn-]-£-Øm-bn-cp∂

    _n-sP]n Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ apgp-h≥ I£n-

    I-fp-sSbpw AwKo-Im-c-tØm-sS-bmWv `qan

    Gs‰-Sp-°¬ \nbaw 2013˛¬ ]m¿e-sa‚n¬

    ]m m-°n-b-Xv. CXn-\mbn 2007-̨ epw 2009-̨ epw

    kwbp‡ ]m¿e-sa‚dn IΩn-‰n-Isf \ntbm-

    Kn-®p. Cu IΩn-‰n-Isf \bn-®n-cp-∂-Xm-Is´

    apXn¿∂ _n-sP]n t\Xm-°-fpw. {Kma-hn-I-

    k-\sØ kw_-‘n-°p∂ 31-̨ m-aXv Ãm‚nwKv

    IΩn‰nsb \bn-®n-cp-∂Xv Ct∏mƒ kv]o°-

    dm-bn-cn-°p∂ A∂sØ _n-sP]n t\Xmhv

    kpan{Xm alm-P≥ Bbn-cp-∂p. s]mXpBh-

    iy-sa∂Xv IrXy-ambn \n¿∆-Nn-°-W-sa∂pw

    s]mXp-B-h-iy-I-X-sb∂ hIp-∏n¬s∏-

    SpØn bmsXmcp XØz-Zo-£-bp-an-√msX ̀ qan

    Gs‰-Sp -°p -∂-Xn -s\bpw ASn -ÿm\

    kuIcysamcp-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-bpsS t]cn¬

    k¿°m-cn\v btYjvSw ̀ qan-tb-s‰-Sp-°m-hp∂

    Ah-ÿ-sbbpw Cu IΩn-‰n-bpsS dnt∏m¿ v́

    FXn¿Øncp∂p. s]mXp-˛-kz-Imcy ]≤Xn

    (]n. -]n. -]n) -Iƒ°pw kzIm-cy -Iº-\n -

    Iƒ°pwth≠n k¿°m¿ `qan Gs‰-Sp-°-

    cp-sX-∂pw k¿°m¿ apX¬ap-S-°p∂ ]≤-

    Xn-Isf am{Xta s]mXp Bh-iy-IX F∂

    ]´n-I-bn¬s∏-Sp-Øm-hqsh∂pw ta¬kq-Nn-

    ∏n® IΩn‰n in]m¿i sNøp-I-bp-≠m-bn.

    `qan Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ hnj-b-Ønepw kmaq-ly-

    {]-Xym-LmX-߃ hne-bn-cp-Øp∂ Imcy-

    Ønepw {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v IqSp-X¬ A[n-

    Imchpw ]¶m-fn-Øhpw Dd∏v \¬I-W-

    sa∂pw Cu IΩn‰n in]m¿i sNøp-I-bp-

    ≠m-bn. 2013-˛se `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ \nb-a-

    Ønse N´-߃ tamZn k¿°m¿ A[n-Im-

    c-Øn¬h∂v 2014 BKÃv amk-Øn-\p-≈n-

    emWv cq]-I¬∏\ sNbvXXpw {]kn-≤-s∏-

    Sp-ØnbXpw. `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬˛]p-\-c-[n-

    hmk \nb-aw-˛2013-˛s‚ cq]o-I-c-W-th-f-bn-

    ep-S-\ofw _nsP]n kPo-h-amb ]¶m-fn-I-

    fm-bn-cp-∂p.

    2013-̨ se ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬˛

    ]p-\-c-[n-hmk \nbaw

    _ew{]tbm-Kn®v P\-ß-fpsS ̀ qan ]nSn-

    s®-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-s\-Xnsc Db¿∂p-h∂ AXn-

    i-‡-amb P\-Iob sNdp-Øp-\n¬∏ns‚

    kΩ¿±w-aq-e-amWv ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬-̨ -]p-\-c-

    [n-hmk \nb-aw-̨ 2013 \ne-hn¬ h∂-Xv. IpSn-

    sbm-gn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿°v A\p-Iq-e-amb

    ]e hIp-∏p-Ifpw AXn¬ Dƒt®¿t°-≠n-

    h-∂n-´p-≠v. IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°p-∂-h-cpsSbpw

    Zpc-¥-_m-[n-X-cp-sSbpw \jvS]-cn-lm-c˛]p\-

    c-[n -hmk {]iv\-ßfpw \nb-a-Øn¬

    Dƒt®¿Øn-́ p≠v. hnI-k-\m-h-iy-߃°p-

    th≠n k¿°m¿ `qan Gs‰-Sp-°p-tºmƒ

    IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ 80 iX-am\w t]cp-

    sSbpw s]mXp-˛-kz-Im-cy-]-≤-Xn-Iƒ°mbn

    `qan Gs‰-Sp-°p-tºmƒ 70 iX-am-\w-t]-cp-

    sSbpw A\p-aXn 2013˛se \nb-aw A\p-k-

    cn®v A\p-t]-£-Wo-b-am-bn-cp-∂p. Gs‰-Sp-

    °p∂ ̀ qan \n¿±njvS Bh-iy-Øn-\p-th≠n

    5 h¿j-Øn-tesd D]-tbm-Kn-°m-Xn-cp-∂m¬

    B `qan DS-a-ÿ\v XncnsI \¬Ip-hm\pw

    \nb-a-Øn¬ hyhÿ sNbvXn-cp-∂p.

    F∂m¬ `qan X´n-sb-Sp-°p-∂-h¿°v

    c£-s∏-Sm-\p≈ ]e ]gp-Xp-Ifpw B \nb-

    a-Øn¬ D≈-S-ßn-bn-cp-∂p. I¿j-I-cn¬

    `oXn DW¿Øpw-hn-[w \m\m-hn[ Ducm-°p-

    cp-°p-Iƒ Cu \nb-a-Øn¬ ]Xn-bn-cp-∂p.

    Cu \nbaw \jvS-]-cn -lm-c-Øn-\mbn

    tIhew `qhp-S-asb am{X-amWv ]cn-K-Wn-

    ®n-cp-∂Xv. F∂m¬ hen-sbmcp ̀ mKw-h-cp∂

    `qc-lnX I¿j-I-scbpw ]m -́Ir-jn-°m-scbpw

    ]¶p-Ir-jn-°m-scbpw _m[n-°-s∏´ a‰p-

    ≈h¿ F∂ hn`m-K-Øn¬ X≈nbn-cn-°p-I-

    bmWv \ne-hn-ep≈ \nb-aw. D]-tbm-Kn-

    °mØ `qan 5 h¿j-Øn-\p-tijw I¿j-

    I\pXncnsI \¬I-W-sa∂ hyhÿ \nb-

    a-Øn¬ Dƒt®¿°p-hm≥ XpS-°-Øn¬ bp-

    ]nF k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-bncp-∂n-√. {]tXyI

    kmº-ØnI taJ-e-bv°p-th≠n k¿°m¿

    Gs‰-SpØ 45, 635 slIvS¿ `qan, AXm-

    bXv Gs‰-SpØ aq∂n-sem-∂n¬ IqSp-X¬

    `qan, D]-tbm-Kn-°msX C´n-cn-°p-I-bm-sW∂v

    Ign™ h¿jw \hw-_-dn¬ I¨t{Sm-f¿

    B‚ v BUn-‰¿ P\-d¬ BWv shfn-s∏-Sp-

    Øn-b-Xv. \hn apwss_ {]tXyI kmº-

    ØnI taJ-e-bv°p-th≠n 2006-̨ ¬ ]nSns®-

    SpØ 1250 G°¿ `qan D]-tbm-Kn-°msX

    C´n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ah AXns‚ DSa-Iƒ°v

    Xncn-®p-\¬In-bn-́ p-an-√. B\p-jw-Kn-I-ambn

    ]d-™p-sIm-≈s´, tamZn k¿°m-cns‚

    kplrØpw hgn-Im-´n-bp-amb aptIjv

    Aw_m-\n-bpsS t\´-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv

    sk v sIm≠p-h-∂n-́ p-≈-Xv.

    Nne kp{]-[m\ tNmZy-߃

    `qan Gs‰-Sp-°-ep-ambn _‘-s∏ v́ ASn-

    ÿm-\-]-c-amb a‰p-Nne hnj-b-ß-fp-ap-≠v.

    `qansb∂Xv kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw P\-ß-fpsS

    ÿnckz`m-h-Øn-ep≈ BkvXn-bm-Wv.

    I¿j-I-scbpw Ah-cpsS IpSpw-_-sØbpw

    Xe-ap-d-I-fmbn \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m-cp-∂Xv

    Irjn-`q-an-bm-Wv. ̀ qan Pohn-°m-\p≈ Ah-

    cpsS Ah-Im-i-sØ-bmWv {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°p-

    ∂-Xv. Ah-cn¬\n∂pw _e-ambn ̀ qan Gs‰-

    Sp-°p-∂Xv hmkvX-h-Øn¬ Pohn-°m-\p≈

    Ah-cpsS Ah-Im-isØ \ntj-[n-°p-∂-

    Xn\v Xpey-a-t√? Xe-ap-d-I-fmbn Cu ̀ qansb

    B{i-bn®v Pohn-®p-t]m∂ I¿j-I¿°v {]Xn-

    -̂e-ambn F{X-Xs∂ XpI e`n-®mepw AXv

    \jvS -s∏´ `qan°v ]I-c -am -Ip -tam?

    k¿°mcpw Iº-\n-Ifpw B¿s°m-s°-bmWv

    \jvS-]-cn-lmcw \¬°p-I? Hcp {]tXyI

    Xe-ap -d -bnse GXm-\pw -]nSn Bfp -

    Iƒ°mWv k¿°m¿ \jvS-]-cn-lmcw \¬Ip-

    I. ̀ qan-bn¬\n∂pw ]ngp-sX-dn-b-s∏´ Ah-

    cpsS A\-¥c Xe-apd Fßs\ \ne-

    \n¬°pw? adp-h-iØv apX-em-fnØ kmº-

    ØnI hyhÿ A\p-\n-anjw krjvSn-

    °s∏-Sp∂ Xo£vW-amb hymh-km-bnI

    amµyw, h¿≤n-®p-h-cp∂ sXmgn-en-√m-bva,

    IpXn-®p-b-cp∂ hne-°-b‰w XpS-ßnb

    hym[n-Iƒaqew P\-Po-hnXw \mi-Øn-te°v

    \bn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. \jvS-]-cn-lm-c-ambn

    e`n-°p∂ sNdnbXpI-sIm≠v IpSn-sbm-gn-

    ∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿ F{X-\mƒ Cu \mi-

    K¿ØØn¬\n∂pw ]nSn-®p-\n¬°pw? ]p\-

    c-[n-hm-k-sa∂ t]cn¬ k¿°m¿ Gs‰-Sp-

    Øp-\¬Ip∂ Xp≠p`qan- X߃ ]c-º-cm-

    K-X-ambn Xma-kn-°p-Ibpw Irjn-sN-øp-

    Ibpw sNbvXp-h∂ ̀ qan°v ]I-c-am-Ip-tam?

    hnI-k-\m-h-iy-߃°p-th≠n `qan Gs‰-

    Sp-t°-≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ ]cn-K-Wn-t°≠ hnj-

    b-ß-fmWv ta¬hn-h-cn-®-Xv.

    bp]nF k¿°m¿ `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬-˛-

    ]p-\-c-[n-hmk \nbaw 2013 \S-∏n¬h-cp-

    Øm≥ Xp\n-™-t∏mƒ ta¬∏-d™ tNmZy-

    ß-sf√mw kPo-h-amb N¿®m-hn-j-b-ß-fm-

    bn-cp-∂p. A∂v {]Xn-]-£-Øm-bn-cp∂ _n.-

    sP.-]nbpw ta¬∏-d™ tNmZy-߃ Db¿-

    Ønbn-cp-∂p. C∂n-t∏mƒ tI{µ-Ønepw G-

    Xm-\pw kwÿm-\-ß-fnepw Ah¿ A[n-Im-

    c-Øn-en-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Cu \nbaw ]q¿Æ-

    ambn \S-∏n¬h-cp-Øp-Itbm ]cn-tim-[-\-

    bv°v hnt[-b-am-°p-Itbm sNøp-∂-Xn-\p-ap-

    ºp-Xs∂ tamZn t\XrXzw sImSp-°p∂ tI-

    {µ k¿°m¿ Cu \nbaw cmPy-Øns‚ hnI-

    k\Xm¬∏-cy-߃°v XS w krjvSn-°p-

    sa∂ Hcp {]XoXn ]S¿Øp-hm≥ {ian°p-

    I-bmWv. AXn-\m¬ Cu \nbaw DS-\Sn t`Z-

    KXn sNø-W-sa∂ hmZ-ap-b¿Øn 2014 h¿j-

    Øns‚ Ah-km-\-Zn-hkw tI{µ-Iym-_n-\-

    ‰nse aq∂v a{¥n-am¿ {]kn-U‚ns‚ ]°-

    te°v ]mbp-Ibpw ]pXnb Hm¿Un-\≥kn¬

    {]kn-U‚ns‚ H∏v ssI∏-‰p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

    ]pXp-h¬k-c-∏n-d-bn¬Xs∂ ]pXnb Hm¿Un-

    \≥kv \ne-hn¬ htc-≠-Xp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-

    sh∂v tXm∂n°pw-hn-[-amWv Imcy-߃

    \o°n-b-Xv.

    _n-sP]n kz¥w ae-°w-a-dn-®n-ens\

    \ymbo-I-cn-°p-∂p.

    F¥n-\n{X XnSp-°w? hnI-k\Øn\p-

    th-≠n-bp≈ ̀ qantbs‰-Sp-°¬ \S-]Sn kpK-

    a-am-°p-∂-Xn\v \ne-hn-ep≈ \nb-a-Øn¬

    t`Z-KXn hcp-tØ-≠-Xp-s≠∂p]-d™v

    tI{µ-Iym-_n-\‰v Hm¿Un-\≥kns\ \ymbo-

    I-cn-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. 2013 `qan Gs‰-Sp-

    °¬˛]p-\-c-[n-hmk \nbaØnse 105˛mw

    hIp∏v A\p-k-cn®v `qan Gs‰-Sp-°¬ (J-

    \n) \nbaw˛1885, tZinb]mXm \nb-aw-̨ 1956,

    I¬°cn {]tZ-i-ß-fpsS Gs‰-Sp-°epw

    hnI-k-\-hpw-̨ 1957, sdbn¬sh BIvSv, Ce-

    Iv{Sn-kn‰n BIvSv F∂o 13 tI{µ-\n-b-a-ß-

    fn¬ 2015 P\p-hcn 1˛\v apºv t`Z-KXn hcp-

    tØ-≠-Xp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂mWv Ah¿

    Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. AXn-\m¬ C{]-Im-c-

    samcp Hm¿Un-\≥kv Hgn-hm-°m-\mhm-Ø-Xm-

    bn-cp-∂p-t]m-epw. Aß-s\-sb-¶n¬ _Z¬

    am¿§-ß-sf-°p-dn®v k¿°m¿ Nn¥n-°m-Ø-

    sX-¥v? ]m¿e-sa‚ns‚ Hcp hn⁄m-]-\-

    Øn-eqsS ta¬∏-d™ Xob-Xn-bn¬ k¿°m-

    cn\v Cf-hp-h-cp-Øm-am-bn-cp-∂p. cm{Xn-°v-˛-

    cm{Xn C{]-Im-c-samcp Hm¿Un-\≥kv Cd-

    t°≠ Hcp kml-N-cyhpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-

    √. GXm\pw amk-߃°p-apºv tamZn

    a{¥nk`-bnse KXm-K-X-h-Ip∏v, k¿°m¿

    A\p-aXn e`n® 4 tImSn cq]-bpsS

    t{]mPIvSv 2013-˛`q-an-tb-s‰-Sp-°¬ \nbaw

    aqew apS-ßn-°n-S-°p-∂p-sh∂v Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-

    I-bp-≠m-bn. Hm¿Un-\≥knse ]pXnb t`Z-

    KXn ÿe-ta-s‰-Sp-°m≥ 80 iX-am\w ÿew

    DS-a-I-fpsSbpw kΩ-Xw-th-W-sa∂ hIp∏v

    \o°w sNbvXn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ

    ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-Øn-\p-th-≠n-sb∂

    Imc-Ww-]-d™v k¿°m-cn\v btYjvSw ̀ qan

    Gs‰-Sp-°m\pw B {]tZ-iØv F¥pw

    \n¿Ωn-°p-hm\pw ̀ qan F{X-Im-e-b-fhv thW-

    sa-¶nepw shdp-sX- ssIh-iw-h-bv°p-hm\pw

    A[n-Imcw \¬In-bn-cn-°p-I-bmWv ]pXnb

    Hm¿Un-\≥knse t`Z-K-Xn. ̀ qan-tb-s‰-Sp-°¬

    kaq-l-Øn¬ Df-hm-°p∂ BLm-X-sØ-

    °p-dn®v hne-bn-cp-ج \S-tØ-≠-Xn-√.

    Aßs\ sXc-s™-Sp∏v ImeØv \√ Zn\-

    ߃ F∂ ap{Zm -hmIyw Db¿Ønb

    _nsP]n apX-em-fn-am¿°pw kzImcy Iº-

    \n-Iƒ°pw km[m-c-W-°m-cs‚ `qan X´n-

    sb-Sp-°m≥ Ah-kcw Hcp-°n-s°m-Sp-Øn-cn-

    °p-I-bmWv. et£m-]-e£w hcp∂ km[m-

    c-W-°m-cpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ Cu Hm¿Un-

    \≥kv F¥v \√-Zn-\-ß-fmWv kw`m-h\

    sNøm≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv? At±-lsØ A[n-

    Im-c-Øn-te-‰nb {Kma-ß-fnse ]mh-ß-fpsS

    Pohn-X-Øn¬ F¥psa®amWv Cu Hm¿Un-

    \≥kv sIm≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv? CXp-a-\- n-em-°p-

    hm≥ Hm¿Un-\≥knse t`Z-K-Xn-Isf

    kkq£vaw ]Tn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.

    Hm¿Un-\≥kns\ kq£va hni-I-e-\-

    Øn\v hnt[-b-am-°p-tºmƒ

    Hm¿Un-\≥kn¬ ]d-bp∂ 5 {][m-\-s∏´

    Bh-iy-߃°mbn ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠n-hcp-

    tºmƒ I¿j-I-cp-sSbpw km[m-c-W-°m-cp-

    sSbpw kΩXw Bh-iy-an-√m--sb-∂m-Wv

    Hm¿Un-\≥kn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. C\n Hm¿-Un-

    \-≥kn¬ ]d-bp∂ {][m-\-s∏´ 5 Bh-

    iy-߃°-√msX ̀ qan Gs‰-Sp-t°≠n hcp-

    tºmƒ I¿j-I¿°v kwc-£Ww e`n-°p-

    sa∂v Icp-Xm\pw \n¿∆ml-an-√. H∂-s√-

    ¶n¬ as‰m-cp-Im-cWw ]d™v GXp-̀ q-an-tb-

    s‰-Sp-°-en-s\bpw ap≥kq-Nn-∏n® 5 hn`m-K-

    ß-fn-sem-∂n¬s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ _yqtdm-{I-

    kn°pw k¿°m-cn\pw A\m-bmkw km[n-

    A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ h∂-t∏mƒ _n-sP]n ae-°w-a-dn™p`qan-tb-s‰-Sp-°¬Hm¿Un-\≥kv

    (1-̨ mw t]Pn¬ \n∂v)

    (tijw t]Pv 10˛¬)

  • 7bqWn‰n am¿®v 2015

    A\n-b-{¥n-X-amb hne-°-b-‰w, s]cp-Ip∂ kv{Xo]o-U-\-߃, hnZym-`ym-k-

    Øns‚ taep≈ IS-∂m-{I-a-Ww, h¿≤n®

    Pohn-X-s®-e-hv, Btcm-Ky-cw-KsØ XI¿®,

    `oam-Im-c-amb Agn-a-Xn, kvIqfp-Ifpw tImtf-

    Pp-Ifpw am{X-a√ ̀ h-\-߃ t]mepw Iø-S-

    °p∂ {Inan-\-ep-Iƒ XpSßn FÆn-bm-sem-

    Sp-ßmØ {]iv\-߃°v ]cn-lmcw ImWm-

    \m-ImsX GsXmcp kwÿm-\-sØ-bpw-

    t]mse _wKm-fnepw P\-߃ Gsd-°m-e-

    ambn \n -lm-b-cmbn Ign-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

    Ign™ s^{_p-hcn 5 \v P\-߃ CXn-

    \p≈ DØcw Is≠-Øn. AsX! CXn-

    s\mcp t]mwh-gn-bp≠v! AXv _lp-P\ ka-

    c-]m-X-bm-Wv. a‰p ]m¿´n-Iƒ ÿm\-am-\-

    ߃°pw A[n-Im-c-Øn\pw ]n∂mse

    ]mbp-tºmƒ, am¿Ivkn-kw-̨ -se-\n-\n-kw-̨ -in-

    _vZm-kvtLmjv Nn¥-bpsS sImSn-°q-d-bp-am-

    bn, P\-ß-fpsS \ymb-amb Bh-iy-߃

    D∂-bn-®p-sIm-≠v, h¿§ _lp-P\ ka-c-

    ߃ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°p-Ibpw Ign™ \mfp-

    I-fn¬ ]e kp{]-[m\ Unam‚p-Ifpw t\Sn-

    sb-Sp-°pIbpw sNbvXXv Fkvbp-kn-sF(-

    kn) F∂ ]m¿´n am{X-amWv F∂Xv ]›na

    _wKm-fnse P\-߃ a\- n-em-°n-bn-́ p≈

    Imcy-am-Wv.

    Fkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) Xs∂ ho≠pw

    sXcp-hn-en-dßnbncn-°p-∂p. tI{µ-˛-kw-

    ÿm\ k¿°m-cp-I-fn¬ \n∂v Hcp A\p-

    `m-hhpw D≠m-ImsX h∂ kml-N-cy-Øn-

    emWv s^{_p-hcn 5 \v \nb-a-ew-L\

    kacw \S-Øp-sa∂v Hcp- amkw aptº

    {]Jym-]n-®-Xv. AXv -Hcp Znh-ksØ Hcp

    sXcp-hp-\m-S-I-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. c≠p-am-k-°m-

    esØ Xøm-sd-Sp-∏p-I-fmWv \S-Øn-b-Xv.

    kwÿm-\-sa-ºm-Sp-ambn At\Iw hni-Zo-I-

    c-W-tbm-K-ßfpw t]mÿ {]Nm-c-Whpw

    Nph-sc-gp-Øp-sams° \S-Øn. Xmsg-Ø-e-

    ß-fnepw A[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°v \nth-Z-\-߃

    \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. s^{_p-hcn 5 \v tImtfPv

    kvIzb-dn¬ \n∂v \K-c-lr-Z-b-amb Fkvπ-

    t\-Un-te°v 30,000 t]cpsS {]I-S-\-amWv

    \oßn-b-Xv. {]I-S-\-Øn¬ t\Xm-°fpw

    {]h¿Ø-Icpw A\p-̀ m-hn-Ifpw km[m-cW

    P\-ß-fp-ap -≠m-bn-cp -∂p. {Kma-ß-fn¬

    \n∂p≈ I¿j-Icpw hyh-km-b-ta-J-e-I-

    fn¬ \n∂p≈ sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw SuWn¬

    \n∂p≈ CS-Ø-c-°mcpw Ip´n-Ifpw c£n-

    Xm-°fpw h\n-X-Ifpw {]mbw sN∂-hcpw

    F√m-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-sc√mw GI a\-

    t msS \n›-b-Zm¿VytØmsS apt∂-dn.

    Np‰pw XSn-®p-Iq-Snb P\-߃ ImgvN-°m-

    cmbn \n¬°msX ka-c-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-

    bn.

    kacw t\csØ Xocp-am-\n-°pI am{X-

    a√ ]c-ky-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p-h-

    t√m. {]I-S-\-Øns‚ dq´p-hsc A[n-Im-cn-

    Isf Adn-bn-®n-cp-∂p. s^{_p-hcn 5 \v kam-

    [m-\-]-c-amb \nb-a-ew-L\w \S-Øp-sa∂pw

    Adn-bn-®n-cp-∂p. F∂n´pw \nb-a-ew-L\w

    \S-Øm≥ A\p-h-Zn-°n-s√∂v Xocp-am-\n-°p-

    ∂p. AXv Adn-bp-∂Xv Xte-∂m-Wv. {]I-

    S\w CS-bv°p-h®v XS™v t\Xm-°sf

    AXym-h-iy \n¿t±-i-߃ sImSp-°m≥

    A\p-h-Zn-°p-as{X! {_n´o-jp-Im-cpsS Imew-

    ap -X¬ \ntcm-[-\m⁄ \ne-hn -ep≈

    ÿeØv \nb-a-ew-L-\-k-a-c-߃ \S-∂p-

    h-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬ Ct∏mƒ t]meokpw

    A[n-Im-cn-Ifpw kzcwam‰n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

    tImtfPv kvIzb-dn¬ ]m¿´n kwÿm\

    sk{I-´dn kJmhv kua≥ _kphpw a‰p

    t\Xm-°fpw \S-Ønb {lkz-amb {]kw-K-

    ߃°p-tijw {]I-S\w Bcw-̀ n-®p. Bth-

    i-I-c-sa-¶nepw kam-[m-\-]-c-ambn \S∂

    {]I-S\w doK¬ kn\nam lmfn\p kao-]-

    sa-Øn-b-t∏mƒ ÿnXn amdn. kmbp[

    t]meokpw {ZpX-I¿Ω tk\-bp-sams°

    {]I-S-\-Øn-\pta¬ NmSn hoWp. {Iqc-amb

    emØn-®m¿÷v Bcw-`n-®p. {]I-S\w ]ncn-

    ®p-hn-Sm-t\ Dt±-in-®p≈p F∂mWv ]n∂o-S-

    h¿ ]d-™-Xv. F¶n¬ F¥n-\mWv emØn-

    ®m¿÷v \S-Øn-bXv? AXpw Xebpw Igp-

    Øp-sams° e£yw-h®v? Pe-]o-c-¶ntbm

    IÆo¿hmX-Itam Hs° {]tbm-Kn-®m¬

    t]mcm-bn-cpt∂m? Hcp henb \nb-a-ew-L\

    ka-c-amWv \S-∂-Xv. F∂n v́ Hcm-sf-t∏mepw

    Ad-Ãp-sN-ømsX kacw ASn-®-a¿Øm-

    \mWv t\m°n-b-Xv. `c-W-Iq-S-`o-I-c-Xbpw

    A{I-a-hp-amWv \S-am-Sn-b-Xv. Hcp ]cn-jvIrX

    kaq-l-Øn\v tN¿∂-XmtWm CXv? kv{XoI-

    sf-t∏mepw shdp-sX-hn-́ n-√. Fkvbp-kn-sF(-

    kn) {]h¿Ø-I¿ Xo¿Øpw \ncm-bp-[-cm-

    bn-cp-∂p. ssIsIm≠pw sImSn-sIm-≠p-

    sams° emØn-bSn XS-bm-\m-W-h¿ {ian-

    ®-Xv. F{X `oI-c-amb B{I-a-W-a-gn-®p-hn-

    ´mepw X߃ ]n¥n-cn-t™m-Sn√ F∂v

    hnπ-h-{]-h¿Ø-I¿°v \nc-°p∂ N¶q-‰-

    tØmsS Ah¿ {]Jym-]n-®p. {]I-S-\-°m¿

    Is√-dn-™p-sh-∂mWv t]meokv `mjyw.

    F∂m¬ Zriy-am-[y-a-߃ CXn-\p-hn-]-co-X-

    amb Nn{X-amWv ImgvN- h®-Xv. bqWn-t^m-

    an-ep≈ t]meo-kp-Im¿ {]I-S-\-°m¿°p-

    t\sc Is√-dn-bp-∂Xv Zriy-ß-fn¬ hy‡-

    ambn ImWmw. ]Øp ]{¥-≠p-t]m-eo-kp-

    Im¿ Hcmsf hf-™n´v X√p-∂Xpw a‰pw

    ImWm-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ing-°≥ anUv\m-]q¿

    Pn√-bn¬\n-∂p≈ ]m¿´n-{]-h¿Ø-I\pw

    I¿j-I-sØm-gn-emfn IpSpw-_-Ønse Aw-

    K-hp-amb DØw ]mdp-bn-bpsS IÆv t]m-

    eokv ASn-®p-s]m-´n-®p. DØ-c-_w-Km-fn¬

    \n∂p-≈ cam-Im¥ k¿°m¿ F∂ hnZym-

    ¿∞n-bpsS IÆn\pw kmc-ambn ]cp-t°-‰p.

    Bip-]{Xn InS-°-bn¬ InS∂v B kJmhv

    ]d--™Xv ka-c-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m≥ Ign-™-

    Xn¬ A`n-am-\n-°p-∂p-sh-∂m-Wv. CXmWv

    Fkv-bp-kn-sF(-kn) {]h¿Ø-I¿. FsF-

    Un--F-kvH {]h¿Ø-I-\mb A`n-Pn-Øn\v

    Igp--Øn¬ kmc-amb ]cp-°p-≠v. DØhpw

    FsF--Un-F-kvH {]h¿Ø-I-\m-Wv. Zo]vXmw-

    ip ̀ uanIv F∂ as‰mcp hnZym¿∞n {]h¿-

    Ø-Is‚ Isøm-Sn-™p. kv{XoI-f-S°w \nc-

    h-[n-t]¿°v Kpcp-X-c-amb ]cp-°p-I-fp-≠v.

    {]IS\w A®-S-°-tØm-sSbpw kam-[m-

    \-]-c-am-bp-amWv \S-∂-sX∂v P\-ßfpw am[y-

    a-ßfpw GI kzc-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂p. [oc-

    amb Cu {]t£m-`-Øns‚ hm¿Ø, ap≥

    ka-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvX-ambn, am[y-

    a-߃°v dnt∏m¿´v sNøm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ign-

    ™n-√. kn]n-sF(-Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-

    ´dn _na≥_-kp, {]Xn-]£ t\Xmhv kqcy-

    Im¥v an{i XpSßn ]e {]ap-Jcpw Bip-

    ]{Xn kµ¿in-®p. F∂m¬ XrW-aq¬

    Kh¨sa‚ n\v Hcp Ipep -°-hp -an -√.

    kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn kua≥_-kp, ap≥

    Fw.]n tUm.-X-cp¨a-fi¬, FwF¬F

    s{]m^. Xcp¨ Im¥n \kvI¿ XpSßn

    ]e Fkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) t\Xm-°ƒ°p-sa-

    Xnsc Pmay-an√m Ip‰w NpaØn t]meokv

    tIkv FSp-Øn-´p-s≠-∂mWv Adn-bp-∂-Xv.

    P\m-[n-]-Xy-k-a-c-ßsf Aa¿® sNøm\pw

    ka-c-`-S-∑msc I≈-t°-kn¬ IpSp-°m-\p-

    amWv GsXmcp _q¿jzm k¿°m-cn-s\-bpw-

    t]mse XrW-aq¬ k¿°mcpw {ian-°p-∂-

    Xv. _em¬kw-Kw, sIme-]m-X-Iw, sIm≈,

    JP-\mhv sIm≈-b-Sn-°¬, h©\ XpS-

    ßnb sImSpw-{Iq-c-X-Ifpw Ip‰-Ir-Xy-ßfpw

    sNøp-∂-h-scsbm∂pw t]meokv Ad-Ãp-

    sN-øp-∂n-√. `c-W-I-£n-bpsS Kp≠-Iƒ

    t]meokv tÃj-\n¬ sN∂v t]meo-kp-

    Imsc X√n-bmepw kln-°p∂ t]meo-kn\v

    P\-ß-fpsS kacw ASn-®-a¿Øm≥ \√

    D’m-l-am-Wv. bP-am-\-∑m-cpsS B⁄m-\p-

    k-c-W-amWv Ah¿ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xv

    F∂Xv icn-X-s∂.

    18 Unam‚p-Iƒ D∂-bn-®p-sIm-≠p-ff ka-

    c-Øns‚ ̀ mK-am-bn-cp∂p Cu dmen-bpw. P\-

    Po-hn-X-Øns‚ \odp∂ {]iv\-ß-fm-bn-cp∂p

    D∂-bn-°-s∏-´-Xv. I¿j-I-hn-cp-≤-amb `qan

    ]nSn-s®-Sp-°¬ Hm¿Un-\≥kv ]n≥h-en-°p-

    I, 108 Ah-iy-a-cp-∂p-I-fpsS IpØ-s\-bp≈

    hne-°-b‰w XS-bp-I, sshZypXn Nm¿÷v

    Ipd-bv°p-I, imcZ Nn´n-̂ ≠v AS°w Ipw -̀

    tIm-W-Øn-\n-c-bm-b-h¿°v ]Ww XncnsI

    \¬Ip-I, I¿j-I-cpsS D¬∏-∂-߃°v

    \ymb-hne \¬Ip-I, tem°v Hu´pw ]ncn-

    ®p-hn -Sepw Ah-km-\n-∏n -°p-I, Bƒ

    s{]mtam-j≥ k{º-Zmbw \n¿Ø-em-°p-I,

    hnZym-̀ ym-k-Øns‚ hmWn-Py-h¬°-c-Whpw

    h¿§o-b-h¬°-c-Whpw Dt]-£n-°p-I,

    kv{XoIƒ°p-ta-ep≈ AXn-{I-a-߃ I¿i-

    \-ambn XS-bp-I, cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ {Inan-

    \¬h¬°-c-W-Øn\v Adp-Xn-h-cp-ØpI XpS-

    ßn-b-h-sbm-s°-bm-bn-cp∂p Unam‚p-Iƒ.

    tI{µ-˛-kw-ÿm\ k¿°m-cp-Iƒ Xo¿®-

    bmbpw ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠-h-bm-bn-cp∂p Cu

    Bh-iy-߃. I]S am¿Ivkn-Ãp-I-f-S°w

    ka-c-]mX hns´m-gn-™n-cn-°p∂ kml-N-cy-

    Øn¬ icn-bmb CS-Xp-]£ ka-c-]mX

    ]n¥p-S¿∂v Fkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) P\-Iob

    ka-c-߃ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°p-I-bm-Wv. AXp-

    sIm-≠p-Xs∂ ÿm]nX Xm¬∏cyw kwc-

    £n-°p∂ F√m k¿°m-cp-IfpsSbpw t\m -́

    ∏p-≈n-bmWv C∂v Fkvbp-kn-sF.

    kacØn\m-[m-c-amb hnj-b-߃

    tImtfPv kvIzb-dn¬ IqSnb tbmK-Øn¬

    kJmhv kua≥_kp hni-Zo-I-cn -®p.

    Ign™ aq∂p-h¿jsØ ̀ c-W-Øn¬ F√m

    sXc-s™-Sp∏v hmKvZm-\-ßfpw ewLn-

    ®psIm≠v, kn]n-sF(-Fw) k¿°m-cn-s\-

    Xnsc Ch¿Xs∂ Btcm-]n-®n-cp∂ Imcy-

    ß-sf√mw \S-∏n-em-°n-s°m-≠mWv XrW-

    aq¬ ̀ cWw \S-Øp-∂-sX∂v kJmhv hni-

    Zo-I-cn-®p. AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ tIm¨{K- n-

    s\-Xn-cmb P\-hn-Imcw D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn,

    IpØ-I-I-fpsS HØm-i-tbmsS A[n-Im-c-

    Øn¬h∂ _nsP-]n -bpsS tI{µ-K -

    h¨sa‚pw P\-ß-tfmSv bp≤w {]Jym-]n-

    ®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. \√ \mfp-Iƒ(-At— Zn≥)

    hmKvZm\w sNbvXp-sIm-≠mWv Ah¿ A[n-

    Im-c-ta-‰-Xv. F∂m¬, B¿-F-kv-F-kns‚

    h¿§ob AP≠ ]n¥p-S¿∂v `qcn-]£

    lnµp-°fpw \yq\-]-£-hn-`m -K-ßfpw

    XΩn¬ ̀ n∂X hf¿Ønbpw imkv{Xo-b-̨ -a-

    tX-X-c-̨ -P-\m-[n-]-Xy-̨ -km¿∆-{XnI hnZym-̀ ym-

    k-Øns‚ thc-dpØv kmaq-lym-¥-co-£-

    amsI hnj-a-b-am-°n-bp-amWv Ah¿ apt∂-

    dp-∂-Xv. Cu B{I-a-W-߃s°-√m-sa-Xnsc

    hodp‰ P\-Iob {]t£m`w hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-

    °m-\mWv Fkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) {ian-°p-∂-

    Xv. Cu dmenbpw AXns‚ `mK-am-Wv.

    sImbvØp-Im-e-a -√m-bn -cp -∂p-sh-¶n¬

    C\nbpw At\Iw {Kmao-W¿ Cu ka-c-

    Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. _nsP-]n-bpsS

    h¿§ob AP-≠-sb-°p-dn®v ap∂-dn-bn∏v

    \¬Ins°m≠v {]kwKw Ah-km-\n-∏n®

    kJmhv kua≥_kp kacw i‡-ambn

    XpS-cp-sa∂v {]Jym-]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

    emØn -®m¿÷n¬ {]Xn -tj-[n®v

    s^{_p-hcn 6 ]›n-a-_w-Km-fn-ep-S-\ofw

    {]Xn-tj[ Zn\-ambn BN-cn-®p. \qdp-I-W-

    °n\v {]Xn-tj[ tbmK-߃ kwL-Sn-∏n-°-

    s∏´p c≠p-am-k-Øn-\p-≈n¬ Hcp-tImSn H∏p-

    ti-J-cn®v \nth-Z\w \¬Ip∂ ]cn-]m-Snbpw

    kzoI-cn-®n-́ p-≠v. AtXm-sSm∏w Xmsg-Ø-e-

    ß-fn¬ hgn-X-S-b¬ Dƒs∏sSbp≈ ka-c-

    ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw kzoI-cn-°pw. t]meokv ̀ oI-

    cX shfn-hm-°p∂ {]Z¿i-\-߃ a‰p

    kwÿm-\-ß-fnepw kwL-Sn-∏n-°m\pw Xocp-

    am-\n-®n-́ p-≠v.

    Cu t]mcm´w, P\-ß-fpsS a\- n¬,

    Ah-cpsS kz¥w {]ÿm-\-amWv Fkvbp-

    kn-sF(-kn) F∂t_m≤yw Hcn-°¬ IqSn

    ZrV-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

    a’y-sXm-gn-emfn Ah-Imi {]Jym-]\ ktΩ-f\w

    t]meokv `oI-c-X-bvs°-Xnsc _wKm-fn¬ {]Xn-tj[w ]S-cp∂ptI{µ-˛-kw-ÿm\ k¿°m-cp-I-fpsS P\-t{Zml \b-߃s°-Xn-cmb {]t£m`w

    ]e sFXn-lm-kn-I-amb ka-c-߃°pw I¬°Ø km£yw hln-®n-´p-≠v. AXp-sIm-≠mWv apX-em-fnØ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ AXns\ ‘Zpxkz-]v\-ß-fpsS \Kcw’ F∂v hnfn-®-Xv. Hcn-°¬IqSn AXv Hcp hºn® {]t£m-`-Øn\v thZn-bm-bn-. sXcp-ho-Yn-Iƒ c‡wsIm≠v Nph-∂p. Xe-s]m´n tNmc-sbm-en-®n´pw kv{Xo]p-cpj t`Zsas\y bphm-°fpw hnZym¿∞n-I-fp-sa√mwA¥-co-£sØ {]I-º\w sIm≈n-°p-amdv ap{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ apg°n apt∂dn.P\-߃ kvX_v[-cmbn \n∂p.

    hf-aw-Kew sX°pw hf-aw-Kew hS-°p-ap≈ Dƒ\m-S≥ ]mS-ti-J-c-ß-fn¬ h¿jw

    apgp-h-\p-ap≈ sNΩo≥ Irjn Ah-km-\n-

    ∏n®v k¿°m¿ \b-amb Hcp s\√v Hcp

    ao≥ k{º-Zmbw I¿i-\-am-°-Wsa∂v tIcf

    a’y-_-‘\ sXmgn-emfn bqWn-b≥

    kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v Fkv.-ko-Xn-em¬ ]d-

    ™p. hf-aw-Kew hS°v ImÆgØv \S∂

    a’y-sXm-gn-emfn Ah-Imi {]Jym-]\

    ktΩ-f\w DZvLm-S\w sNbvXv {]kw-Kn-°p-

    I-bm-bn -cp∂p At±-lw. Hcp XhW

    sNΩo≥ Irjnbpw tijw s\¬Ir-jnbpw

    \S-∂m¬ ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn X∏nbpw

    hoinbpw a’y-_-‘\w \S-Øp∂ a’y-

    sØm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ°v sXmgn¬ ÿncX Dd-

    ∏m-°m-\m-Ipw. h¿jw apgp-h-\p-ap≈ D∏p-

    sh-≈-Øns‚ km∂n≤yw aqe-ap≈ F√m

    sISp-Xn-Ifpw Hgn-hm-°-s∏-Spw. hf-aw-Kew

    {]tZ-isØ sNdp-InS a’y-Irjn Icm-dp-

    Im¿ a’y-sØm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-ambn kwL¿j-

    Øn-te¿s∏-Sp-∂-X-h-km-\n-∏n®v {]Ir-Xn-Z-Ø-

    amb coXn \S-∏n-em-°p-hm≥ k¿°m¿ ASn-

    b-¥n-c-ambn CS-s]-S-W-sa∂pw At±lw ]d-

    ™p. Fw.-]n.-Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ A≤y-£X

    hln® ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ FsF-bp-Sn-bpkn

    kwÿm\ IΩn-‰n-bwKw AUz. Fw.-F.-_n-

    µp apJy-{]-kwKw \S-Øn. sI.-{]-Xm-]≥,

    sI.-sI.-hn-{I-a≥, B¿.-c-Po-jv, A\n¬Ip-

    am¿ F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. ktΩ-f-\-Øn-

    \p-apt∂m-Sn-bmbn sNΩo≥ hm‰v ]mS-ti-J-

    c-߃°v CcpIcI-fn-ep-ambn sXmgn-em-fn-

    I-fpsS Im¬\S {]Nm-cW PmY \S-∂p.

    sIFw-_n-Snbp kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v Fkv.-ko-Xn-em¬ DZvLm-S\w sNøp∂p

  • 8 bqWn‰n am¿®v 2015

    ]Øv h¿jw A[n-Im-cØn-encp∂tIm¨{K- ns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ bp-]nF

    Kh¨sa≠ns‚ P\-t{Zml\b-ß-tfm-Sp≈

    P\-ß-fpsS AXr -] vXnsb apX-se -

    Sp°m≥"At—-Zn≥'(\-√-\m-fp-Iƒ) hmKvZm\w

    sNbvXp-sIm-≠mWv _nsP-]n h∂-Xv. ""\√-

    \m-fp-Iƒ' bYm¿∞y-ambn F∂Xv icn-bm-

    Wv . IpØI apX-em -fn -am¿°pw,

    kztZi˛hntZi tIm¿∏-td-‰p -Iƒ°pw

    h≥hyhkmbn-Iƒ°pw iX-tIm-So-iz-c-

    ∑m¿°psa√mw ap≥Im-e-ß-tf-°mƒ \√

    Zn\-߃ e`n-®p. Ign™ c≠cZi-I-Øn-

    \n-S-bn¬ BtKmfh¬°cW-̨ DZmc-h¬-°-

    cW˛kzImcyh¬°-cW \b-߃ \S-∏n-em-

    °n -sIm≠v `cWw \S -Ønb F√m

    Kh¨sa‚p-I-sfbpw Akqbm¿lw ISØn-

    sh´nsIm≠p≈ cY-tbm-´-amWv -tam-Zn \S-

    Øn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

    kmº-ØnI˛`cW˛\oXn \n¿∆-lW

    taJ-e-bmWv {][m\ e£y-sa-¶nepw hnZym-

    `ymk˛ kmwkv°m-cnI˛Ncn{X cwK-Øpw

    ISpØ B{I-a-W-amWv _n-sP-]n k¿°m¿

    \S-Øn-s°m≠n-cn°p-∂-Xv. \nc-h[n alm-

    c-Y-∑m-cn-eqsS \q‰m-≠p-IƒsIm≠v C¥y≥

    P\X t\Sn-sb-Sp-Øn-cp∂ P\m-[n-]Xy˛atX-

    Xc˛[m¿ΩnI -̨imkv{X aqey-߃ \ntijw

    XI¿°phm-\p≈ KqVm-tem-N-\-bn-te¿s∏-

    ´n-cn-°-bmWv k¿°m¿. h¿§o-b-Xbv°pw

    aXm-‘Xbv°psam∏w imkv{X-Øns‚

    kmt¶-XnI t\´-ßfpw tN¿Øp-sIm≠v

    ^mknÃv at\m-L-S\ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-

    °m\p≈ Bkq{XnX-{i-a-amWv \S-°p-∂-Xv.

    F¥p-sIm≠pw AXn-`o-j-W-amb Hcp

    kmº-Øn-I˛cmjv{Sob˛kmwkv°m-cnI

    kml-N-cy -amWv -tam -Zn Kh¨sa‚ v

    cmPyØv krjvSn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

    A[n -Im -c -Øn -tedn \mfp -Iƒ°p-

    ≈n¬Xs∂ {]Xn-tcm[ taJ-e-bn¬ 100%

    {]Xy£ hntZi\nt£]w A\p-h-Zn-°m≥

    k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\n-®p. am[ya cwKØv \ne-

    hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ 26% hntZi \nt£]w

    Db¿Øn 100 iX-am-\am-°m\pw \b-]-c-amb

    Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-Øp. C≥jq-d≥kv taJ-e-

    bn¬ 49%hpw sdbn¬th-bn¬ 100%hpw F v̂.-

    Un.-sF. A\p-h-Zn-®p. cmPy-Øns‚ AXoh

    X{¥-{]-[m-\-amb taJ-e-Ifn¬ t]mepw

    C{]-Imcw hntZi aqe-[\ \nt£]w A\p-

    h-Zn-°p-∂-Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ C¥y≥ IpØI

    aqe-[\Øns‚ Itºmf Xmev]cyamWp-≈-

    Xv. C¥y≥ IpØ-I-Iƒ°v hntZi am¿°‰v

    Xpd∂p In´-W-sa-¶n¬ C¥y≥ hn]Wn

    hntZi IpØ-I-Iƒ°v Xpdp∂p sImSptØ

    ]‰q. cmPy-Øns‚ B`y-¥chn]-Wn-sbbpw

    A¥¿tZ-iob hn]-Wn-bpsS ̀ mK-am-bn-am{Xw

    ImWmt\ cmPym-¥-c-tIm¿∏-td-‰p-I-fpsS

    `mK-ambn amdnb C¥y≥ IpØ-Iƒ°m-hq.

    apºv hn]WnbpsS `mK-ambn IW-°m-°n-

    bn -´ n -√mØ taJ-e -Ifpw Ct∏mƒ

    BtKmfh¬°-c-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn

    hn]Wnh¬°-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. {]Xn-tcm-[w,

    sdbn¬th, C≥jq-d≥kv, Xpd-ap-Jw, I¬°-

    cn, thyma-bm\w, hnZym-̀ ymkw XpS-ßnb-h-

    sb√mw C∂v hn]-Wn-bpsS `mK-amWv-.

    cmPysØ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ A[zm-\n-®v sI´n-

    s∏m-°nb Cu taJ-e-Isf√mw kztZi ˛

    hntZi tIm¿∏-td-‰p-I-fpsS ssII-fn-te°v

    k¿°m¿ A\m-bm-tk\ ssIam-dp-I-bm-Wv.

    \tc-{µ--tam-Zn-bpsS "sabv°v C≥ C¥y'

    ap{Zmhm-Iy-Øn\v Hc¿∞-ta-bp≈q. C¥y

    C°m-e-a-{Xbpw t\Sn-sb-SpØ ASn-ÿm\

    kuI-cy-ßfpw, cmPy-Øns‚ Af-h‰

    [mXp˛{]IrXn kº-Øpsa√mw hntZi

    tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Iƒ°vIqSn sIm≈-b-Sn-°m≥

    Ah-k-c-sam-cp-°p∂p F∂p am{X-am-W-Xv.

    _nsP]nbp-sSbpw B¿Fkv-F-kn-t‚bpw

    "tZio-bXm'ap{Zm-hm-Iy-Øns‚ s]m≈-Ø-c-

    amWv CXn-eqsS Xpd∂pIm´-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.

    tIm¿∏-td‰v aqe-[\ Xm¬]cyw kwc-£n-

    °p-hm-\p≈ Nhn-´p-]-Sn-Iƒ am{X-amWv

    "tZio-b-Xbpw'" "lnµp-Xzhp'sa√mw.

    2014 sk]v‰w-_¿ 26\v Hcp Hm¿Un-\-

    ≥kn-eqsS Huj-[-ß-fpsS hne \nb-{¥n-

    °p-hm≥ \mj-W¬ ^m¿a-kyq-´n-°¬

    ss{]knwKv AtXm-dn-‰n°v D≠m-bn-cp∂

    A[n-Imcw -tam-Zn k¿°m¿ ]n≥h-en-®p. 108

    Bh-iy-a-cp-∂p-I-fpsS t]mepw hne\nb-

    {¥Ww FSpØpIf-™p. AXn-\m¬

    lrt{Zm-lw, {]ta-lw, sImf-kvt{Smƒ, c‡-

    k-Ω¿±w XpS-ßnb tcmK-߃°v tImSn-°-

    W-°n\v tcmKn-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂- 22 acp-

    ∂p-Iƒ°pw IpØs\ hne IqSn. 8500 cq]

    D≠m-bn-cp∂ Iym≥k¿ acp-∂n\v 1,08,000

    cq]-h-sc-bm-bn. C¥y-bn-se-bpw hntZ-i-

    tØbpw Huj[ hyhkmb IpØ-I-I-fpsS

    \ocmfn-ss°I-fn-te°v C¥y-sb-t∏m-ep≈

    Hcp "Zo\-ß-fpsS cmPysØ' ]mh-s∏´ P\-

    ßsf -tam-Zn k¿°m¿ Fdn-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-

    I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. HutZym-KnI IW-°-\p-k-cn®v

    4 tImSn-bn-e-[nIw {]tal tcmKn-I-fpw 5

    tImSn-bn-tesd lrt{Zm-Kn-Ifpw 6 tImSn-bn-

    tesd c‡-k-Ω¿± tcmKn-I-fp-ap≈ cmPy-

    amWv C¥y. Cu henb Itºm-f-Øn¬

    a\p-jy-Po-h-\-√, tIm¿∏-td-‰v aqe-[-\-

    Øn\mWv k¿°m¿ hne I¬∏n°p∂Xv.

    bp]nF k¿°m¿ s]t{Sm-fns‚ Imcy-

    Øn¬ sNbvX-Xp-t]mse Uok-en-t‚bpw

    hne \n¿Æbm-[n-Imcw FÆI-º-\n-Iƒ°v

    \¬In-sIm≠v HIvtSm-_¿ 18\v k¿°m¿

    DØ-c-hn-d-°n. {IqtUm-bn-ens‚ A¥-cmjv{S

    hne Hcp Zim-_vZ-Øn\p ]pd-In-etØ-Xn\v

    kam\w CSn-™n´pw s]t{Smƒ, Uok¬

    hne-bn¬ Imcy-amb bmsXmcp Ipdhpw hcp-

    Øp-hm≥ -tam-Zn k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-bn-́ n-√. dne-

    b≥kv, F m¿, {_n´ojv s]t{Sm-fnbw XpS-

    ßnb kzImcy FÆ-I-º-\n -I -fpsS

    IpØn°h¿-®-°v Nq´p-]n-Sn-°p∂ ]Wn-

    bmWv -tam-Zn k¿�