Presentation1 pak studies
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PAKISTAN FOREIGN POLICYPresented by : AMNA SALEEM
AMNA SALEEMFAIZA ARSHADFAZEEL AHMADFAWAD AHSANUMER RAFIQUEMUHAMMAD UMAR
IN THIS PRESENTATION WE WILL DISCUSSWhat is Foreign Policy?
Principles of Pakistans Foreign Policy
Objectives of Pakistans Foreign Policy
Determinants of Pakistans Foreign Policy
Pakistans relations with other Countries
Relation between Pakistan and India
WHAT IS FOREIGN POLICY?
The foreign policy is establishment and development of relations with other countries in order to protect the national interests by taking appropriate steps at international level.
Foreign policy dictates how a country will act with respect to other countries politically, socially, economically, and militarily, and to a somewhat lesser extent, how it behaves towards non-state actors.DESCRIPTION OF FOREIGN POLICY
PRINCIPLES OF FOREIGN POLICY
United Nations Charter
Elimination of Racial discrimination
Establishment of Peace
International and regional co-operation
OBJECTIVESOF FOREIGN POLICY:
Protection of independence , sovereignty terrestrial integrity of Pakistan.
Relation with all states.
Economic issues , trade investment.
Solidarity with the developing states.
Anti colonialism, right of self determination.
Control of terrorism .
Its not possible to safeguard the countrys interest unless necessary policies and strategies are to be formed, which is the result of adopting firm and practical foreign policy.
To attain honor and security of one state and its political stability from other states.
Through which a country can become friends from one country and the vise versa, by dealing with diplomatically to attain states protection
IMPORTANCE OF FOREIGN POLICY
ELEMENTS AFFECTING FOREIGN POLICY
While making foreign policy the state has to take note of the international law, treaties and contracts.
While formulating its foreign policy a country has to take note of the reaction of other states to its various actions.
Alliances concluded by various states also greatly influence the foreign policy.
The world public opinion also influences the states foreign policy.
DETERMINANTS OF FOREIGN POLICY
Size and Geography
Role of media
PAKISTAN GEOGRAPHICAL RELATION WITH OTHER COUNTRIES
Pakistan and Afghanistan are neighboring countries
Relations between these two started in 1947 after Pakistans Independence.
Pak-Afghan relations forced a lot of ups and down in the past. Mainly because of : . Durand line . Different war issues . Taliban insurgency . Border skirmishes . Afghan Refugees
PAK AFGHAN RELATIONSHIP
PAK-USA supported War of Taliban against Russia in Afghanistan, in 80s and in result Russia-India and Afghan intelligence activities in Pakistan seriously destroyed PAK-AFGHAN relations.
In July 2010 , MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) was signed by PAK-AFGHAN government for PAK-AFGHAN Transit Trade Agreement, which was observed by HILLARY CLINTON The US Secretory of State.
This agreement allows Afghan trucks to drive inside Pakistan to the Wagah border India including port cities of Karachi and Gawadar .
In November,2010 both countries formed joint chamber of commerce for the prosperity of trade and economy.
Pakistan being a big brother always tried to unite Muslims .
Pakistan has a great respect in Muslim world and is the only country which has nuclear power.
Pakistan supported Muslims cause and rights at international level, such as Kashmir and Palestine issues because of Palestine issue Pakistan still don't accept Israel as sovereign state.
Pakistan was very active in creating OIC ( Organization of Islamic Cooperation) the largest Muslim organization. PAKISTAN AND THE MUSLIM WORLD
Pakistan , Iran and Turkey set up RCD (Regional Cooperation for development) in 1964 for building cultural, economical relations. RCD became inactive in 1979.
In 1985-86 Pakistan, Iran and Turkey decided to set up ECO (Economic co operation organization) having similar objectives to the RCD . In 1992 six other members were included to enhance relations.RCD AND ECO:
Pakistan also have a good relation with others Muslim countries like Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia etc.
Pakistan help egypt in wars against Israel. In 1986 Pakistan condemned USA round over Libya.
Turkey always support Pakistan recently turkey helped Pakistan for metro bus project.
Middle east countries especially Saudi Arabia , Iran, Qatar , UAE always support Pakistan. Saudi Arabia is providing crude oil to Pakistan.
UAE built different hospitals and Islamic center in some of Pakistani universities.RELATIONS WITH MIDDLE EAST/GULF STATE
Qatar recently deal with Pakistan for LNG ( Liquefied Natural Gas).
Iran also looking forward for Pakistan-Iran gas pipeline project compilation.
Pak-China relation began in 1950 when Pakistan end diplomatic relation with China on Taiwan and recognize People Republic of China.
China has became Pakistans largest supplies of arms and its third largest trading partner.
Pakistan supported China on different disputed areas issues like Taiwan, Xinjiang and Tibet . Likewise China also supported Pakistan on Kashmir issue.
Since 1962 china has been providing a steady source of military equipment to the Pak Army ,helping establish munitions factories providing technological assistance and modernizing existing facilities.
Recently China has joined hands with Pakistan to develop JF-17 Thunder ,one of the best aircraft of modern era ,joint production of Hongdu JL-8, AL KHALID TANK and different submarines for Pak Navy.
Pak-China economic corridor is under construction and assumed to be completed before 2030.
It will connect Pakistan , China and Asian countries with highway connecting Kasghar to Khunjerab and Gawadar.
Pakistan and China committed to complete this project without hesitation , to prosper and strengthen their bilateral and economic relations.
Partition of British India
Massacre of refugees
WHAT WE WILL TALK ABOUT ?
Indus water treaty
Since 1947 Indo-Pak Relations have been under the shadows of suspicions, misunderstanding, disappointment, tensions and wars. Both states never succeeded to win the mutual trust of each other because of their unresolved disputes and lack of cooperation between them. But for this purpose, both countries have to overcome their short-sighted plans and they have to reconsider their policies towards each other. INTRODUCTION
MAP BEFORE PARTITIONMAP AFTER PARTITION
The partition of British India was the partition of Indian sub-continent.
Partition was based on two religions, Islam and Hinduism.
British India was divided into two independent states, Union of India and Dominion of PakistanPARTITION OF BRITISH INDIA
The partition included the partition of East Pakistan (Bangladesh), West Pakistan and India in the middle.
The partition included the geographical division of the Bengal province into East Bengal (East Pakistan) and West Bengal became part of India.
Partition of the Punjab province became West Punjab (Pakistani Punjab) and East Punjab (Indian Punjab).
MASACRE OF REFUGEESAfter the partition of British India large number of refugees moved from both countries ( India and Pakistan).
Refugees were killed from both sides.
Approximately 4 million Hindus Moved from Pakistan to India and 5-6 million Muslims moved from India to Pakistan.
The groups of Sikhs and Jathas killed a large number of Muslim refugees .
To take revenge Muslims also killed large number of Hindu refugees.
Muslims believes on one Allah and his Prophet.
Muslims sacrifice animals(Cows, Goats, Camels) for Allah after every year.
Muslims pray there prayers in mosque.
Music and dancing is forbidden in Islam. ISLAMHindus have many Gods and they pray for their idles.
Hindus believe Animals (Monkeys, Cows, Elephants) as god.
Hindus pray in temples.
Hindus likes to Learn music and singing.HINDUISMRELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES
The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Mohammad Ayub Khan.
The Indus System of Rivers comprises three Western Rivers the Indus, the Jhelum and Chenab and three Eastern Rivers - the Sutlej, the Beas and the Ravi.INDUS WATER TREATY
The treaty was that India would not interfere in flow of Indus water coming to Pakistan.
India constructed dams against the Indus treaty on River, Indus, Jhelum and Chenab.
India had constructed 41 dams In these rivers and 12 were under construction.
Kashmir dispute was the major issue. That have strained the relationship between India and Pakistan.
Its majority population was Muslims but its ruler