Marine Reserve Galicia (May07)

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The development of a marine reserve in Galicia Juan Freire Recursos Marinos y Pesquerías Universidade da Coruña A workshop on the strategies for stock enhancement of clawed lobsters IGAFA, Galicia, 29-31 May 2007
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The development of a marine reserve in Galicia A workshop on the strategies for stock enhancement of clawed lobsters. IGAFA, Galicia, 29-31 May 2007

Transcript of Marine Reserve Galicia (May07)

Diseo, propuesta y evaluacin de la Reserva Marina de Inters Pesquero Os Miarzos en la Cofrada de Lira Carnota (A Corua)

The development of a marine reserve in GaliciaJuan FreireRecursos Marinos y PesquerasUniversidade da CoruaA workshop on the strategies for stock enhancement of clawed lobstersIGAFA, Galicia, 29-31 May 2007

Objetives of the marine reserveProcess of project development. A bottom-up approachExperimental approach to managementMonitoring the performance of the marine reserveFuture?. Scaling up a management approach based in marine reserves

Coastal ecosystems in Galicia:

Multiples uses, multiple perturbations

Management systems in Galician fisheries (until 1990-)

CHARACTERISTICSCOMMAND-AND-CONTROLProperty rightsGovernmentNo access restrictionsDecision-making Flows InstitutionsTop-downAutonomous governmentKnowledgeScientificTechnical regulations Effort: gears, closed seasons, minimum sizes (sexes, ovigeorus females) [Captures: daily quotas per vessel/fisher]Surveillance In charge of surveillance PunishmentGovernmentLegal

Management systems in Galicia for some invertebrate fisheries(recursos especficos)

CHARACTERISTICSCOMMUNITY-BASEDCO-MANAGEMENTProperty rightsCommunitary (territories)Access limitsDecision-making Flows InstitutionsBottom-upFishers organizationsKnowledgeTraditional (+ scientfic)Technical regulations Effort: minimum sizes, seasons Captures: TACs (using daily quotas per fisher and total annual effort) RotationsSurveillance In charge of surveillance PunishmentFishers + GovernmentSocial (+ legal)

COFRADA DE LIRA-CARNOTA

MARINE RESERVE OF OS MIARZOS

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MARINE RESERVE OF OS MIARZOS

DRIVERS. October 2003

Biological crisis due to over-exploitation affecting the artisanal fleet of the fishers organization (Cofrada de Pescadores) of Lira-Carnota. Marine reserves are an alternative?

Success of the new community-based management systems implemented for some shellfisheries. Why not to expand to artisanal fleets and mobile resources?

Previous experience in the development of projects to improve the status of the fishing sector. Active collaboration with research groups. Lonxanet, Mar de Lira, Fishing tourism,

OBJETIVES OF THE MARINE RESERVE

Restoration of over-exploited stocks

Troyan horse for a change in the fishery management system:

Limiting effectively access

Introducing territorial users rights for fishers

Moving from command-and-control to co-management

Some future scenarios?:From community-based to market-based mechanisms (individual transfereable quotas)Finnancial support derived from the reserve activity

IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS ORGANIZATIONWorkshops with fishers, scientists, governement officiers and NGOs,

IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS ORGANIZATIONWorking group including organization leaders, fishers and scientists

IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS ORGANIZATIONDiscussions and decission-making carried out at the general assembly of the organization

FINAL PROPOSAL OF THE FISHERS ORGANIZATION. 2006

Implemented officially in April 2007 as aMarine Reserve of fishery interest

ZONING:

No-take reserves: nursery habitats

Marine protected area:increases in minimum sizes,new quotas for main resources,fleet census (future access restriction)

Open-access areas: business-as-usual

No-take zones(79 Ha N + 61 Ha S)

MPA (2074 Ha)

Open-access

AN ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT APPROACH.OS MIARZOS AS AN EXPERIMENTNO-TAKERESERVESMPAOPEN-ACCESSAREASSpillover?Spillover?ALTERNATIVE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

ALTERNATIVE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENTOnly spillover from no-take reserves to MPAsRESERVERESERVERESERVEBoth spillovers (from no-take reserves to MPAs and from MPAs to open access areas)RESERVERESERVERESERVERESERVE

MONITORING SYSTEM

Assessment of the pre-reserve status of stocks and acosystems

Monitoring key parameters related to fishing performance, stock status and biodiversity:BACI frameworkBefore / After + Control / Impact (reserve)

Development of infraestructure of geographical, environemntal and fishery data to be implemented in a Geographical Information System

HIDROACUSTIC MAPPING OF BENTHIC HABITATSAcoustic surveys

HIDROACUSTIC MAPPING OF BENTHIC HABITATSData analysis to map functional habitats in a GIS

BIODIVERSITY, ABUNDANCE AND COMMUNITY ESTRUCTURE OF BIOLOGICAL COMMUNITIESSampling design:Before / After + Control / Reserve

VEGETATION AND DEMERSAL ASSEMBLAGESCensus and mapping using scuba diving.Now, automatic videocameras and autonomous vehicles

MACROBENTHIC BIODIVERSITYFaunal samplings using suction pumps

MACROBENTHIC BIODIVERSITYFaunal samplings using suction pumps

MAPPING BENTHIC VEGETATION

DEMERSAL FISH ASSEMBLAGES

MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY

Fishery data:Effort, captures, spatial locationContinuous GPS tracksDaily data for each vessel and towComplimentary data from landings

Collaboration between fishers and scientistsInformation from fishersOnboard observersTraditional ecological knowledge

Integrating information in a GIS

OBJETIVE: Analysis of reserve efect on captures and fleet distribution:Spillover from no-take reservesSpillover from marine protected area

MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITYField observations

MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITYMapping fishing effort

SMALL VESSELS

MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITYMapping fishing effort

MEDIUM VESSELS

MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITYMapping fishing effort

LARGE VESSELS

DEVELOPMENTN OF A GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM

Infraestructure of cartographic data: bathymetry, topography, satellite images, aerial photography, Environmental information: oceanography, benthic habitat mapping, biotic communities, Fishery information [monitoring]: spatial and temporal distribution of captures and effort

Tool for information managementAssessment of regulations (especially, reserve effect)Support for discussions and decision making

FUTURE?. SCALING UP A MANAGEMENT APPROACH BASED IN MARINE RESERVES

1. ALTERNATE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENTRESERVERESERVERESERVERESERVERESERVERESERVE?

2. NEW ONGOING PROJECTS BORN FROM THE INTEREST OF OTHER FISHERS ORGANIZATIONS.

The case of CEDEIRAProposal of no-take zones

Shellfish grounds