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  • UPAC GUIDE Revision: November 30, 2012 Helicopter Association International Page i

    HELICOPTER ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL

    Utilities, Patrol and Construction Committee

    UPAC Safety Guide for Helicopter Operators

    Dedicated to the advancement and safety of the civil helicopter industry

    Revised Edition, November 30, 2012

  • Revision: November 30, 2012 UPAC GUIDE Page ii Helicopter Association International

    Table of Contents Table of Contents .......................................................................................................................... ii

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................... 1-1

    CHAPTER 2 BACKGROUND ............................................................................................. 2-1

    Section 1 History and Purpose .............................................................................................. 2-1

    Section 2 Defining the Work--Aerial Work Power Line Patrols ....................................... 2-1

    Section 2.1 Crew Resource Management (CRM) ................................................................ 2-2

    Section 2.2 Identified Hazards .............................................................................................. 2-3

    Section 3- Defining the Work--Aerial Work Pipeline Patrols ............................................ 2-3

    Section 3.1 Identified Hazards .............................................................................................. 2-4

    Section 4- Defining the Work--Aerial Work Detailed Power Line Patrols ....................... 2-4

    Section 4.1 Identified Hazards .............................................................................................. 2-5

    Section 5 Defining the Work--Aerial Work Construction Related Activities................... 2-5

    Section 5.1 Identified Hazards .............................................................................................. 2-8

    Section 6 Approach Distances ........................................................................................... 2-9

    CHAPTER 3 BASIC UTILITY INFRASTRUCTURE ...................................................... 3-1

    Section 1 Basic Understanding of Utility Infrastructure ................................................ 3-1

    Section 2 General Hazards ................................................................................................ 3-2

    Section 3 Inspection and Patrols ....................................................................................... 3-3

    Section 4 Power Line Markings ........................................................................................ 3-5

    Section 5 Pipeline Infrastructure and Marking ............................................................... 3-7

    CHAPTER 4 HELICOPTER PATROL SAFE GUIDELINES ........................................ 4-1

  • UPAC GUIDE Revision: November 30, 2012 Helicopter Association International Page iii

    Section 1 Electric Utility Systems and Patrol Procedures .............................................. 4-1

    Section 1-1. Understanding Roles and Responsibilities (Power Line Patrols). ................. 4-2

    Section 1-2 Pre-flight/Patrol Conduct (Power Line Patrols) ............................................. 4-5

    Section 1-3 In-flight ................................................................................................................ 4-6

    Section 2 Pipeline System Patrol Procedures ..................................................................... 4-7

    Section 2-1. Roles and Responsibilities. ................................................................................ 4-8

    Section 2-2 Preflight/Patrol Conduct (Pipeline Patrol) .................................................. 4-11

    Section 2-3 In-flight (Pipeline Patrols) .............................................................................. 4-12

    Section 2-4 Post-flight Debriefing (Pipeline Patrol) ......................................................... 4-13

    CHAPTER 5 POWER LINE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE ..................... 5-1

    Section 1 Preflight Operational and Safety Meeting (Job Briefing) .............................. 5-1

    Section 1-1. Roles and Responsibilities. ................................................................................ 5-1

    Section 2 Communications ................................................................................................... 5-6

    Section 3 Crew Support Operations .................................................................................... 5-7

    Section 4 Rigging ................................................................................................................... 5-9

    Section 4.1 Sling System/Vertical Suspension ................................................................... 5-10

    Section 4.2 Other construction operations using Class A Rotorcraft Load Combinations. ....................................................................................................................... 5-10

    Section 5 Suspended Loads (Jettisonable) FAR External Load Part 133 Class B ..... 5-12

    Section 6 Line Stringing ...................................................................................................... 5-14

    CHAPTER 6 SAFETY GUIDE FOR UTILITIES IN EVALUATING AND SELECTING QUALIFIED HELICOPTER CONTRACTORS ........................................ 6-2

    Section 1 Overview ................................................................................................................ 6-2

    Part 1 Contractors Qualifications ........................................................................... 6-4

  • Revision: November 30, 2012 UPAC GUIDE Page iv Helicopter Association International

    Part 2 Helicopter Contractor/ Operator Questionnaire ......................................... 6-7

    Part 3 Utility Company Helicopter Contractor Checklist ..................................... 6-9

    Part 4 Draft Letter Format ..................................................................................... 6-11

    CHAPTER 7 SAFETY WORKSHEETS, JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS EXAMPLES, ETC. ................................................................................................................. 7-1

    Section 1 Job Hazard Analysis .......................................................................................... 7-2

    Section 2 Mishap Risk Assessment ................................................................................... 7-3

    Section 3 Mishap Risk Categories ..................................................................................... 7-4

    Section 4 Class A and B Rotorcraft Load Combinations Job Hazard Analysis ........... 7-6

    Section 5 Job Hazard Analysis for use on Class C Rotorcraft Load Combinations .. 7-14

    Section 6 Sample Job Briefing ......................................................................................... 7-24

    Section 7 Pre-work Determinations ................................................................................ 7-26

    Section 8 Helicopter Emergency Medical Response Planning ..................................... 7-27

    CHAPTER 8 RECOMMENDED BASIC TRAINING and KNOWLEDGE for PILOTS/LINEMAN/MISSION EQUIPMENT OPERATORS FLYING in the WIRE ENVIRONMENT ......................................................................... 8-1

    Section 1 Background ......................................................................................................... 8-1

    Section 2 Recommended Subject Areas ........................................................................... 8-1

    Section 3 Summary ............................................................................................................. 8-3

    CHAPTER 9 HELICOPTER RAPID REFUELING PROCEDURES ............................ 9-1

    Section 1 Background ............................................................................................................ 9-1

    Section 2 Definitions ............................................................................................................... 9-1

    Section 3 Procedures .............................................................................................................. 9-3

    Section 5 Training .................................................................................................................. 9-7

    Section 6 References: ............................................................................................................ 9-8

  • UPAC GUIDE Revision: November 30, 2012 Helicopter Association International Page v

    GLOSSARY (ENDNOTES) ......................................................................................................... 1

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ............................................................................................................ 1

  • Revision: November 30, 2012 UPAC GUIDE Page vi Helicopter Association International

    THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

  • UPAC GUIDE Revision: November 30, 2012 Helicopter Association International Page 1-1

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

    The purpose of these guidelines is to offer general information and recommendations to mitigate associated risks: for those individuals and companies involved in utility (power line or pipeline) patrol and inspection (routine or detailed); for those involved in power line construction and related mai