El pret©rito

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The Spanish Preterite tense

Transcript of El pret©rito

  • 1. El Pretrito regulares conjugaciones de los ar, er, y ir verbos

2. Usos por el pretrito: Thepreterite is used to talk about things in the past. Use the preterite when you are talking about an action that happened once. Its over and done with. 3. Ms usos. Thepreterite is used for actions that can be viewed as single events. Por ejemplo:Ella camin por el parque. She walked through the park. Ellos llegaron a las ocho. They arrived at eight o'clock. 4. Ms usos: Thepreterite is used for actions that were repeated a specific number of times, or occurred during a specific period of time. Por ejemplo:Ayer escrib tres cartas. Yesterday I wrote three letters. Vivimos all por cuatro aos. We lived there for four years. 5. Ms usos: Thepreterite is used for actions that were part of a chain of events. Por ejemplo:Ella se levant, se visti, y sali de la casa. She got up, dressed, and left the house. 6. Ms usos: Thepreterite is used to state the beginning or the end of an action. Porejemplo: Empez a nevar a las ocho de la maana. It began to snow at eight in the morning. 7. Las conjugaciones del Pretrito AR verbos amosasteasteisaronER/IR verbos imosisteisteisiieron 8. AR conjugation in the Preteritehablar= to speak/to talk (spoke, talked) hablhablamoshablastehablasteishablhablaronEjemplos: I talked to my cat. Yo habl a mi gato. The students talked to their teacher. Los estudiantes hablaron a su profesora. 9. ER & IR conjugation in the Present comer = to eatescribir = to writecomocomemoscomescomisescriboescribimoscomecomenescribesescribsescribeescribenEjemplos: We eat dinner at 6. Nosotros comemos cena a las seis. Miley Cyrus writes songs everyday. Miley Cyrus escribe canciones todas los das. 10. ER & IR conjugation in the Preterite comer = to eatescribir = to writecomcomimoscomistecomisteisescribescribimoscomicomieronescribisteescribisteisescribiescribieronEjemplos: We ate dinner at 6. Nosotros comimos cena a las seis. Miley Cyrus wrote 11 new songs yesterday. Miley Cyrus escribi once canciones nuevas ayer. 11. Cheat Sheet signs of Preterite. Preterite -tense is usually paired with several key words.. ayer = yesterday anoche = last night el ao pasado = last year la semana pasada = last week el fin de semana pasado = last weekend el otro da = the other day 12. Por ejemplo: 1. Yesterday the football team won the game. Ayer el equipo de ftbol gan el juego. 2. Last summer we traveled to Disney World. El verano pasado nosotros viajamos a Disney World. 3. Last night I wrote a paper. Anoche yo escrib un papel. 4. The other day the ballerinas danced. El otro da las bailarinas bailaron. 13. car, gar, zar verbos. Verbs ending in car, -gar, or zar have a different spelling conjugation in the yo form.1.-car = quyo busqu2.-gar = guyo paguNOT pag3.-zar = cyo almorcNOT almorzNOT busc 14. Other things you need to know about car, gar, zar verbos. Thoughthese special verbs may have different yo conjugations, the others still have the same ar endings as the regular preterite verbs. aste, , amos, asteis, aron 15. Ejemplo de car verbo. buscar = to look for busqubuscamosbuscastebuscasteisbuscbuscaronYesterday I looked for my dog. Ayer yo busqu mi perro. 16. Ejemplo de gar verbos. llegar = to arrive llegullegamosllegastellegasteisllegllegaronCasper and his ghost friends arrived at the cemetary Tuesday. Casper y sus amigos fantasmos llegaron al cementario a martes. 17. Ejemplos de zar verbos. empezar= to begin empecempezamosempezasteempezasteisempezempezaronThe movie began at 5:30 at night. Le pelcula empez a las cinco y media de la noche. 18. Verbs you need to know sacar = to get, to take out buscar = to look for practicar = to practice pescar = to fish for tocar = to touch, to play (musical instrument) pagar = to pay (for) llegar = to arrive entregar = to deliver jugar = to play (a game or sport) pegar = to hit, to stick almorzar = to eat lunch empezar = to begin, to start comenzar = to start, to begin cruzar = to cross, to exchange 19. Special Preterite verbs Thereare several verbs that conjugations completely change from their original form in the preterite and are unlike other preterite words in spanish. The words we will study today are: 1. ir 2. ser 3. dar 4. ver 5. hacer 20. ir- the preterite tense ir = to go (went)fuifuimosfuistefuisteisfuefueronPor ejemplo: Yo fui a la escuela ayer. I went to school yesterday. Nosotros fuimos al cine anoche. We went to the movies last night. 21. ser- the preterite tense ser = to be (was)fuifuimosfuistefuisteisfuefueronPor ejemplo: Yo fui una maestra. I was a teacher. NSYNC fue famoso. NSYNC was famous. 22. dar- the preterite tense dar = to give (gave)didimosdistedisteisdiodieronPor ejemplo: Mi madre dio mi hermana veinte dolares. My mom gave my sister 20 dollars. T diste los chicos muchos regalos. You gave the children many presents. 23. ver- the preterite tense ver = to see (saw)vivimosvistevisteisviovieronPor ejemplo: Nosotros no vimos el accidente. We did not see the accident. l vio las repuestas al examen. He saw the answers to the test. 24. hacer- the preterite tense hacer = to make, to do (made, did)hicehicimoshicistehicisteishizohicieronPor ejemplo: Yo hice galletas anoche. I made cookies last night. Los estudiantes hicieron su tarea a la casa. The students did their homework at the house. 25. Ahora, los verbos muy especiales. 1. poder = pud 2. poner = pus 3. saber = sup 4. andar = anduv 5. estar = estuv 6. hacer = hic 7. querer = quis 8. tener = tuv9. venir = vin 10. decir = dij 11. traer = traj 12. conducir = conduj 26. Pretritos especiales Thoughthey are special verbs in the preterite tense, these special verbs all have the same ending conjugations. e *Note: These endings are different than iste the normal preterite conjugations. o imos isteis ieron 27. poder- the preterite tensepoder = to be able to (was able)pudepudimospudistepudisteispudopudieronPor ejemplo:No pude hablar por telfono anoche. I was not able to talk on the telephone last night. Los estudiantes no pudieron terminar su tarea a la escuela. The students were not able to finish their homework at school. 28. poner- the preterite tense poner = to put, to place (put, placed)pusepusimospusistepusisteispusopusieronPor ejemplo: Mi madre puso la mesa. My mom set the table. Nosotros pusimos los libros en un caja. We placed the books in a box. 29. saber- the preterite tense saber = to know (knew)supesupimossupistesupisteissuposupieronPor ejemplo: Yo supe la respuesta correcta. I knew the correct answer. Roy supo tocar la guitarra. Roy knew how to play the guitar. 30. andar- the preterite tense andar = to walk, to ride (walked, rode)anduveanduvimosanduvisteanduvisteisanduvoanduvieronPor ejemplo: Los osos anduvieron en el bosque. The bears walked in the woods. Justin Timberlake no anduvo a caballo en la playa. Justin Timberlake did not ride on horseback on the beach. 31. estar- the preterite tense estar = to be (was)estuveestuvimosestuvisteestuvisteisestuvoestuvieronPor ejemplo: Yo estuve enferma la semana pasada. I was sick last week. Estuviste riendo a mi? Were you laughing at me? 32. hacer- the preterite tense hacer = to make, to do (made, did)hicehicimoshicistehicisteishizohicieronPor ejemplo: Yo hice galletas anoche. I made cookies last night. Los estudiantes hicieron su tarea a la casa. The students did their homework at the house. 33. querer- the preterite tense querer = to want, to desire (wanted, desired)quisequisimosquisistequisisteisquisoquisieronPor ejemplo: Tiny Tim quiso muchos regalos para la navidad. Tiny Tim wanted many presents for Christmas. Nosotros quisimos ir a Disney World para las vacaciones de verano. We wanted to go to Disney World for summer vacaction. 34. tener- the preterite tense tener = to have (had)tuvetuvimostuvistetuvisteistuvotuvieronPor ejemplo: El ao pasado tuve diez y seis aos. Last year I was 16. Los estudiantes tuvieron una prueba ayer. The students had a quiz yesterday. 35. venir- the preterite tense venir = to come, to arrive (came, arrived)vinevinimosvinistevinisteisvinovinieronPor ejemplo: Nosotros vinimos a la escuela por autobs. We come to school by bus. Viniste tarde a la fiesta? Did you arrive to the party late? 36. decir- the preterite tense decir = to say, to tell (said, told)dijedijimosdijistedijisteisdijodijeron-notice there is no i in the ellos form.Por ejemplo: Yo dije un secreto a mi mejor amiga. I told a secret to my best friend. Las chicas dijeron sus madres que fueron a la tienda. The girls told their moms they went to the store. 37. traer- the preterite tense traer = to bring, to carry (brought, carried)trajetrajimostrajistetrajisteistrajotrajeron-notice there is no i in the ellos form.Por ejemplo: The Hulk trajo muchas cajas pesadas. The Hulk carried many heavy boxes. Alejandro y Enrique trajeron chile con queso a la fiesta. Alejandro y Enrique brought chili cheese dip to the party. 38. conducir- the preterite tenseconducir = to drive, to lead (drove, led)condujecondujimoscondujistecondujisteiscondujocondujeron-notice there is no i in the ellos form.Por ejemplo: El etrenador condujo el equipo a una victoria. The coach led the team to victory. Miley Cyrus y Kesha condujeron el coche a California. Miley Cyrus and Kesha drove the car to California. 39. Basement Changers. Theseare all ir verbs that stem change only in the 3rd person (both singular and plural) l, ella, usted, ellos, ustedes 1. E = I 2. O = U - pedir - morir - servir - dormir - mentir -vestirse - seguir/conseguir 40. pedir- the preterite tense pedir = to ask for, to request (asked, requested)pedpedimospedistepedisteispidipidieronPor ejemplo: Yo ped un caballo para la navidad. I asked for a horse for Christmas. Ellos pidieron ms tiempo para el examen. They requested more time for the test. 41. servir- the preterite tense servir = to serve (served)servservimosservisteservisteissirvisirv